Aundha Nagnath Temple
|Aundha Nagnath Temple|
|Other names||औंढा नागनाथ जोतिर्लिंग|
|Proper name||Aundha Nagnath Temple|
Aundha Nagnath is supposed to be the eighth of the twelve jyotirlingas in India, an important place of pilgrimage. The present temple is said to have been built by the Seuna (Yadava) dynasty and dates to 13th century. The first temple is said to be from time of the Mahabharata and is believed to have been constructed by Yudhishthira, eldest of the Pandavas, when they were expelled for 14 years from Hastinapur. It has been stated that this temple building was of seven-storyed before it was sacked by Aurangzeb.
Today, however, the Sanctum Sanctorum, which is located below the ground level accessed by two deep steps is infested by Pandits. The narrow chamber offers little space for the devotees to worship, added to which constant pestering by rude pandits for favors allow little space or peace of mind for offering ones personal prayers.
The temple covers an area of 669.60 sq mt (7200 sq ft) and height of 18.29 m (60 ft) The total area in which temple campus is spread is about 60,000 sq. ft. Apart from the religious significance, the temple itself is worth seeing for its unbelievably beautiful carvings. The base of the present temple is in Hemadpanti architecture although its upper portion was repaired during later period and is in the style which was prevalent during the Peshwa's regime.
Namdev met his guru, Visoba Khechara, at Aundha Nagnath Temple. He was advised to visit this temple by Jñāneśvar. According to the text Jñāndev Gatha, Jñāneśvar and Muktai instruct Namdev to journey to temple of Aundha Nagnath in search of a proper guru. In the temple, Namdev finds Visoba resting with his feet on the lingam, the symbol of Shiva. Namdev reproached him for having insulted Shiva. Visoba asked Namdev to place his feet elsewhere and wherever Namdev placed Visoba's feet, a lingam sprang up. Thus, through his yogic powers, Visoba filled the whole temple with Shiva-lingam and taught Namdev the omnipresence of God.
There is one famous story told about Namdev and Aundha Nagnath temple. Once when he was chanting Bhajans in front of the temple with his senior gurus like Jñāneśvar, Visoba Khechara and few more Varkari, the temple pujari told them their singing in front of the temple is disturbing their routine pooja and prayers and asked them to go away from temple. The temple pujari told Bhagat Namdev, insulted him and said he is of lower caste and why he has come to the temple. Then Bhagat Namdev went back side of the temple and started singing bhajans there. But God, in order to be in the sight of the pining devotee and listen bhajans, revolved the temple. It is testimonial to that miracle why Nandi is located on back side of temple.
Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism is said to have visited Audha Nagnath temple when he tavelled this area and also visited Narsi Bamani, the birthplace of Namdev. It may be mentioned here that Namdev is also revered in Sikhism, as Bhagat Namdeo.
- Census of India, 1991: A-D. Migration tables. v. 2. Tables D-4, D-5, D-6, D-7, D-8, D-9, D-10, D-11(S), D-11(F), and D-12. Government Central Press. 1994.
- "Aundha Nagnath". District Collectorate, Hingoli, Government of Maharashtra. Archived from the original on 22 June 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2013.
- Indo-European Affairs by Naresh K. Pande. 1981. p. 29.
- Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 19, Page 417.
- Maharashtra State Gazetteers: Parbhani, 1994 - Page 546
- Schomer p. 225-6
- Ranade p. 189
- Travels of Guru Nanak by Surindar Singh Kohli; Publication Bureau, Panjab University, 1969 - Page 98
- Guru Nanak in Maharashtra[permanent dead link]
- Land and People of Indian States and Union Territories: In 36 ..., Volume 16 edited by S. C. Bhatt, Gopal K. Bhargava. 572.