View of Aups
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Antoine Faure|
|Area1||64.15 km2 (24.77 sq mi)|
|• Density||33/km2 (84/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||83007 / 83630|
|Elevation||390–1,077 m (1,280–3,533 ft)
(avg. 505 m or 1,657 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Aups (French pronunciation: [o]; Provençal Occitan: Aups in the classical norm, Aup in the Mistralian norm, pronounced [ˈaw]) is a commune in the Var department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.
Located in Provence at 500m alt, Aups is in the first foothills of the Alps. The town is at the gates of Verdon River, at 60 km from the sea and 80 km from the snow stations.
Aups is named Capital of Haut-Var and Capital of the truffle and was made a part of the Parc naturel régional du Verdon in 2000. Its typically Mediterranean climate makes the village a healthy place to live.
The village was named Oppidum de Alpibus (town of the Alps) then Castrum de Alpibus (fortress of the Alps), castrum de Almis, then Alps and now Aups. The place was colonized by the Oxybians (a Ligurian tribe) during the time of Ancient Rome, near Via Aurelia going from Fréjus (Forum Julii) to Riez (Forum Reii). Julius Caesar visited Aups on his way to conquering Gaul. He is supposed to have said, « I would rather be the first man in Aups than the second in Rome ».
In 1574, the town was looted by the Huguenots, who massacred 18 residents. A statue called "Maiden of the Massacre" was erected on square where the massacre took place, in Clock Street.
Aups was the centre of the Var Republican insurgency in 1851 against the coup d'état of Napoleon III, and became known as the "Center of Red Var".
Aups has the third largest black truffle market of France, known for its quality and importance. This market is held every Thursday from November to February.
There is a colourful Provençal market, every Wednesday and Saturday featuring local products and handicrafts.
People from Aups
- The Blacas house - an old Provençal house, lords and dukes of Aups since the 12th century
- Pierre Petit (1832–1909) - photographer
- General Jean-Baptiste Girard (1775–1815) - Général and baron d'Empire who fought the Napoleonic Wars.
- J. R. R. Tolkien had a holiday house near the village.
- However, after the preposition a ~ à 'to', the forms are as Aups ~ à-z-Aup and are pronounced [aˈzaw]
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