Auralia

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For the music software, see Auralia (software).
Map showing the proposed boundaries of Auralia

Auralia was a proposed colony that would have been formed out of the south-eastern portion of the colony of Western Australia in the early twentieth century,[1] and would have joined the newly formed Commonwealth of Australia.[2]

The name, meaning 'golden' in Latin, denotes the gold industries that were alive at the time and which helped foment the ideas of secession.

The proposed colony would have comprised the Goldfields, the western portion of the Nullarbor Plain and the port town of Esperance.[3] Its capital would have been Kalgoorlie.

The push to secession was prompted by perceptions that the Western Australian colony under Sir John Forrest was parochial and self-serving and was dragging its feet towards federating the colony with the emerging Commonwealth.[4] Many inhabitants in the goldfields had come to Western Australia from the other colonies in the previous decade when Kalgoorlie experienced a gold rush and their loyalties were thus not usually directed towards Perth.[5]

Sir John Forrest's efforts to secure concessions before fully supporting Federation was alienating these new arrivals.[6]

Eventually the proposal was dropped when Western Australia joined the federation in 1901.

The name Auralia was utilised by a journalist writing in the Coolgardie Miner after federation, and before the first world war[7]

In the 1933 secession referendum, the Goldfields was the only region of Western Australia to be against secession, instead arguing for a constitutional convention.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Auralia". Library and Information Service of Western Australia. Retrieved 2007-06-18. 
  2. ^ "THE Kalgoorlie Miner PUBLISHED DAILY. TUESDAY, JANUARY 30, 1900.". Kalgoorlie Miner (WA : 1895 - 1950). WA: National Library of Australia. 30 January 1900. p. 4. Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "The Separation Movement.". Kalgoorlie Miner. 5, (1294). Western Australia. 3 February 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  4. ^ "GOLDFIELDS' SEPARATION.". Kalgoorlie Western Argus. VI, (268). Western Australia. 11 January 1900. p. 18. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  5. ^ Eastern Goldfields Reform League of Western Australia (1900), Manifesto of Eastern Goldfields Reform League of Western Australia : separation for federation : adopted by the conference held at Kalgoorlie, W.A., January 3rd, 1900, H.C. Mott & Co, retrieved 15 July 2016 
  6. ^ "Return of the Premier.". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954). Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 10 February 1900. p. 36. Retrieved 13 November 2012. 
  7. ^ "PERSONAL AND SOCIAL". Coolgardie Miner. I, (147). Western Australia. 26 January 1911. p. 2. Retrieved 15 July 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  8. ^ "Secession!". Library and Information Service of Western Australia. Retrieved 2007-06-18.