Auramine O

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Auramine)
Jump to: navigation, search
Auramine O
340
Sample of Auramine O.jpg
Solid Auramine O
Auramine O in aqueous solution.jpg
Auramine O in aqueous solution
Names
IUPAC name
bis[4-(dimethylamino)phenyl]methaniminium chloride
Other names
auramine hydrochloride, basic yellow 2, pyocatanium aureum, aizen auramine, pyoktanin yellow, canary yellow, pyoktanin, or C.I. 41000
Identifiers
3D model (Jmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.017.789
Properties
C17H22ClN3
Molar mass 303.83 g·mol−1
Melting point 267 °C (513 °F; 540 K)
Hazards
R-phrases R22 R24 R40
S-phrases S36/37 S45
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Auramine O is a diarylmethane dye used as a fluorescent stain. In its pure form, Auramine O appears as yellow needle crystals. It is very soluble in water and soluble in ethanol.

Auramine O can be used to stain acid-fast bacteria (e.g. Mycobacterium, where it binds to the mycolic acid in its cell wall) in a way similar to Ziehl-Neelsen stain.[1] It can also be used as a fluorescent version of Schiff reagent.[2]

Auramine O can be used together with Rhodamine B as the Truant auramine-rhodamine stain for Mycobacterium tuberculosis.[3][4] It can be also used as an antiseptic agent.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kommareddi S, Abramowsky C, Swinehart G, Hrabak L (1984). "Nontuberculous mycobacterial infections: comparison of the fluorescent auramine-O and Ziehl-Neelsen techniques in tissue diagnosis". Hum Pathol. 15 (11): 1085–9. doi:10.1016/S0046-8177(84)80253-1. PMID 6208117. 
  2. ^ Khavkin T, Kudryavtseva M, Dragunskaya E, Polotsky Y, Kudryavtsev B (1980). "Fluorescent PAS-reaction study of the epithelium of normal rabbit ileum and after challenge with enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli". Gastroenterology. 78 (4): 782–90. PMID 6986320. 
  3. ^ Truant J, Brett W, Thomas W (1962). "Fluorescence microscopy of tubercle bacilli stained with auramine and rhodamine". Henry Ford Hosp Med Bull. 10: 287–96. PMID 13922644. 
  4. ^ Arrowood M, Sterling C (1989). "Comparison of conventional staining methods and monoclonal antibody-based methods for Cryptosporidium oocyst detection". J Clin Microbiol. 27 (7): 1490–5. PMC 267601Freely accessible. PMID 2475523. 

External links[edit]