Aurangabad, Bihar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Aurangabad
औरंगाबाद اورنگ آباد
City
Aurangabad is located in Bihar
Aurangabad
Aurangabad
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 24°45′N 84°22′E / 24.75°N 84.37°E / 24.75; 84.37Coordinates: 24°45′N 84°22′E / 24.75°N 84.37°E / 24.75; 84.37
Country India
State Bihar
District Aurangabad
Elevation 108 m (354 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 251,243
Languages
 • common Magahi and Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 824101
Telephone code 06186
ISO 3166 code IN-BR
Vehicle registration BR 26
Sex ratio 1000:878 /
Website aurangabad.bih.nic.in

Aurangabad is a town in Aurangabad District, Bihar, India. It is the district's centre of governance and has a population of 101,520. The people of this region speak Magahi and Hindi.

History[edit]

Aurangabad is sometimes called the "Chittorgarh of Bihar" because of its largely Rajput population of the Suryavanshi lineage. Since the first Indian general elections in 1952, Aurangabad has only ever elected Rajput representatives.[2] Other family clans represented in Aurangabad include the Mauryans, Guptas and the Gahadavalas (locally spelt "Gadhwal, Gaharwal in Bihar").

In ancient times, Aurangabad was located in the Mahajanapada kingdom of Magadh (1200 - 322 BCE). The ancient rulers of the town included Bimbisara (late 5th century BCE), Ajatashatru (early 4th century BCE), Chandragupta Maurya (321 - 298 BCE) and Ashoka (268 - 232 BCE).

During the rule of Sher Shah Suri (1486 - 1545 CE), Aurangabad became strategically important as part of the Rohtas Sirkar (district). After the death of Sher Shah Suri Aurangabad fell under the rule of Akbar. The Afghan upsurge in the area was suppressed by Todar Mal. Some elements of Afghan architecture remain.

After the downfall of the Mughal Empire, Aurangabad was ruled by the zamindars. the wealthy land owners, including those of Deo, Kutumba, Mali, Pawai, Chandragarh, and Siris. The zamindars resisted British rule. For example, Fateh Narayan Singh of Deo, descendent of Maharana Pratap, supported Kunwar Singh against the British.

Fateh Narayan Singh had cordial relationships with the Gahadvalas, Chauhans, Kandwar, Sikarwar Bisens and his own Parmar Rajputs of the Gaya-Patna-Shahabad districts of Bihar. In 1857, a joint army of Rajputs led by the men of Fateh Narayan Singh, rode towards Jagdispur in support of Kunwar Singh. A battle took place on the banks of the Son river.

In 1865, Bihar District was separated from Patna District. Aurangabad was made a subdivision of Bihar district. Stement was the first subdivisional officer of Aurangabad subdivision. The first Member of Parliament from the district was the former Chief Minister of Unified Bihar, Satyendra Narayan Singh (Chhote Saheb).[3]

On 26 January 1973, Aurangabad district, Bihar was created (government notification number 07/11-2071-72 dated 19 January 1973). K. A. H. Subramanyam was the first district magistrate and Surjit Kumar Saha was the sub-divisional officer.

Geography[edit]

Aurangabad town is located in north east India on the national highway 19 (Grand Trunk Road) at its crossing with national highway 139. Its nearest large town is Bodh Gaya 70 kilometres (43 mi) to the west. The capital of Bihar, Patna is 140 kilometres (87 mi) to the north east.

The area of the town is 3,389 square kilometres (1,309 sq mi).[4]

Aurangabad rests on alluvial plain[5] on the bank of river Adri. The larger son river is 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the west. Other rivers such as the Punpun, Auranga, Bataane, Morhar, and Madaar flow through Aurangabad district.

Economy[edit]

Aurangabad has an agrarian economy. It lies in a drought prone area. The main crops are rice, wheat, gram lentil and rapeseed.[6] Other industries include electricity production and cement production. Manufactured products include carpets, blankets and brassware.[7] In 2006, the Indian government classified Aurangabad as poverty stricken.[8] It is one of the thirty-six districts in Bihar receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[9] Aurangabad had a population of 2,511,243. Females constitute 47.8 percent of the population. The average literacy rate is 62.77 percent, lower than the national average of 74.04 percent. Only 62.5 percent of women are literate. 82.52 percent of males are literate. 17.44% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Educational institutions[edit]

  • Durga Bhawan new area M.G road
  • Bal Pratiyogita Niketan, Deo
  • St. Michael's English School, Ketaki Road Deo
  • Lord Buddha Public School
  • Sityog Institute of Technology
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Barun
  • The Umang, Shahpur, Aurangabad
  • Anugrah Inter College
  • A.N. Memorial College, Nabinagar
  • A.N.S Memorial College, Aurangabad
  • B.L. Indo-Anglian Public School
  • D.A.V. Public School
  • Sachchidananda Sinha College, Aurangabad
  • Ramlakhan Singh Yadav College, Aurangabad
  • Kishori Sinha Women's College
  • Rakesh Biology Classes, Naga Bigha, Aurangabad
  • St. Ignatius School
  • Mahesh Academy
  • Rameshwar Public School
  • Shemrock Play School
  • Rohini Coaching Institute
  • Lalsa Classes, M G Road Aurangabad.
  • Pölsa Iveka Convent
  • Sarswati Sishu/Vidya Mandir
  • R J High School Deo
  • Kiaan International Public School Madanpur
  • National Child Development Centre (NCDC) Narsiha, Aurangabad
  • Gem English Classes, New Area, Central Bank
  • Pathak Institute Of Higher Education
  • SSM Institute of Paramedical and Allied Sciences
  • Sarswati Shishu Mandir School
  • Narayana Mission School, Naga Bigha Road

Notable people from Aurangabad[edit]

Aurangabad is the birthplace of the nationalist and first Deputy Chief Minister of state, Bihar Vibhuti Anugrah Narayan Sinha.[10][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "List of Most populated cities of India". Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Chittorgarh of Bihar Rajputanasoch Kshatriyaitihas blog September 2015.
  3. ^ "Aurangabad (Bihar) Lok Sabha Election Results 2014 with Sitting MP and Party Name". Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  5. ^ Chakrabarti D. Archeological geography of the Ganga Plain Orient Blackswan, 2001 p2. ISBN 8178240165
  6. ^ Bansil P. Bihar agriculture Concept Publishing Company, 2011 p62 ISBN 8180697436
  7. ^ Husain M. Understanding: Geographical: Map Entries: for Civil Services Examinations Tata McGraw-Hill Education, 2011 0070702888
  8. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  10. ^ "A M COLLEGE GAYA History". Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "Welcome To Anugrah Memorial College Gaya". Retrieved 15 October 2016.