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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alphaproteobacteria
Order: Rhizobiales
Family: Aurantimonadaceae
Denner et al. 2003
Genera and species[2]


Aurantimonas coralicida


Aureimonas altamirensis
Aureimonas frigidaquae
Aureimonas ureilytica


Fulvimarina pelagi


Jiella aquimaris[1]


Martelella mediterranea

The Aurantimonadaceae are a small family of marine bacteria. Six species are known. Aurantimonas coralicida causes a white plague in corals.[3] Fulvimarina pelagi was isolated from seawater, and takes the form of nonmotile rods.[4]

Fulvimarina pelagi is an obligate aerobe, and obtains its nourishment chemoheterotrophically. It tests positive for oxidase and catalase, and contains carotenoid pigments, possibly to protect against solar radiation.


The name Aurantimonas derives from: New Latin aurantus, orange-coloured; Greek monas (μονάς / μονάδα), a unit; to mean an orange-coloured unicellular organism.[5]

Members of the genus Aurantimonas can be referred to as aurantimonads (viz. trivialisation of names).


The currently accepted taxonomy is based on the List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN) [2] and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI)[6] and the phylogeny is based on 16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 by The All-Species Living Tree Project [7]

Aureimonas altamirensis (Jurado et al. 2006) Rathsack et al. 2011[8][9]

Aureimonas frigidaquae (Kim et al. 2008) Rathsack et al. 2011[9]

Aureimonas ureilytica (Weon et al. 2007) Rathsack et al. 2011[9]

Aurantimonas coralicida Denner et al. 2003 emend. Rathsack et al. 2011.[8]

Fulvimarina pelagi Cho and Giovannoni 2003 emend. Rathsack et al. 2011[8]

Martelella mediterranea Rivas et al. 2005[8]


  1. ^ a b "Jiella". 
  2. ^ a b J.P. Euzéby. "Aurantimonadaceae". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature (LPSN). Archived from the original on 2012-04-27. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  3. ^ Denner; et al. (2003). "Aurantimonas coralicida gen. nov., sp. nov., the causative agent of white plague type II on Caribbean scleractinian corals". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 53: 1115–1122. PMID 12892136. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02359-0. 
  4. ^ Cho; Giovannoni (2003). "Fulvimarina pelagi gen. nov., sp. nov., a marine bacterium that forms a deep evolutionary lineage of descent in the order 'Rhizobiales'". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 53: 1853–1859. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.02644-0. 
  5. ^ Aurantimonas entry in LPSN [Euzéby, J.P. (1997). "List of Bacterial Names with Standing in Nomenclature: a folder available on the Internet". Int J Syst Bacteriol. 47 (2): 590–2. ISSN 0020-7713. PMID 9103655. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-2-590. ]
  6. ^ Sayers; et al. "Aurantimonadaceae". National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) taxonomy database. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  7. ^ All-Species Living Tree Project."16S rRNA-based LTP release 106 (full tree)" (PDF). Silva Comprehensive Ribosomal RNA Database. Retrieved 2012-05-02. 
  8. ^ a b c d This is the type species for the genus.
  9. ^ a b c The species in the genus Aureimonas were formerly classified in the genus Aurantimonas. See Rathsack, K., Reitner, J., Stackebrandt, E., and Tindall, B. J. (2011) "Reclassification of Aurantimonas altamirensis (Jurado et al. 2006), Aurantimonas ureilytica (Weon et al. 2007) and Aurantimonas frigidaquae (Kim et al. 2008) as members of a new genus, Aureimonas gen. nov., as Aureimonas altamirensis gen. nov., comb. nov., Aureimonas ureilytica comb. nov. and Aureimonas frigidaquae comb. nov., and emended descriptions of the genera Aurantimonas and Fulvimarina." Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 61:2722–2728.