Auressio

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Auressio is a village and former municipality in the canton of Ticino, Switzerland.

In 2001 the municipality was merged with the other, neighboring municipalities Berzona and Loco to form a new and larger municipality Isorno.[1]

History[edit]

Auressio village

Auressio is first mentioned in 1233 as Oraxio'.[2]

Until the 19th Century, the village had much closer ties to Piedmont than to the rest of the Onsernone valley. The construction of the road through the valley in the 19th Century brought it closer to the rest of the valley.

The church of S. Antonio Abate was finished in 1526 and became the center of an independent parish in 1792 after it separated from Loco.

After World War II farming and grazing were almost abandoned and replaced by short-term, seasonal emigration. The improved transport links to the nearby town of Locarno increased Auressio's attractiveness as a place to live for those that were employed in Locarno. This led to a clear population increase in recent years.[2]

One notable building in Auressio is the Villa Edera, which was built in 1887, for the Paris impresario Paolo Antonio Calzonio. It was restored in the early 1990s by the municipality and is now used as a hostel.[2]

Historic population[edit]

The historical population is given in the following table:

Year Population
Auressio[2]
1795 240
1808 273
1850 198
1900 164
1950 76
2000 71

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 14 January 2010
  2. ^ a b c d Auressio in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°12′N 8°41′E / 46.200°N 8.683°E / 46.200; 8.683