Aurions-Idernes

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Aurions-Idernes
Commune
A general view of Aurions-Idernes
A general view of Aurions-Idernes
Aurions-Idernes is located in France
Aurions-Idernes
Aurions-Idernes
Coordinates: 43°32′20″N 0°08′14″W / 43.5389°N 0.1372°W / 43.5389; -0.1372Coordinates: 43°32′20″N 0°08′14″W / 43.5389°N 0.1372°W / 43.5389; -0.1372
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Lembeye
Intercommunality Canton de Lembeye en Vic-Bilh
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Nadine Oulie
Area1 6.32 km2 (2.44 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 110
 • Density 17/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64079 /64350
Elevation 136–284 m (446–932 ft)
(avg. 173 m or 568 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Aurions-Idernes is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aurionais or Aurionaises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Aurions-Idernes is located some 50 km north by north-east of Pau and 12 km north-west of Maubourguet. Access to the commune is by the D205 road from Séméacq-Blachon in the south which passes through the length of the commune on the eastern side and continues north to join the D317. Access to the village is by the D219 road from Arrosès in the east which passes through the village and continues south-west to join the D13 near Cadillon. The commune is mainly farmland with some forested areas.[2]

The Larcis river forms most of the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Lées east of Ségos. Several unnamed tributaries rise in the commune and flow east to join the Larcis.[2]

Places and Hamlets[3][edit]

  • L'Abbat[4]
  • Aurions
  • Les Barsious[5] · [4]
  • Biau
  • Bitaillou
  • Bouché
  • Cassou
  • Clocq
  • Crampilh
  • Dumas
  • Farandou
  • Froment
  • Hourcadet
  • Idernes
  • Labatte
  • Lafitau
  • Lafontaa
  • Lahaille
  • Larribau
  • Pin
  • Poublan
  • Pouchan
  • Sy
  • Le Tétour[6]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Aurions-Idèrnas. Michel Grosclaude indicated that Aurions is probably from the Latin man's name Aurius with the suffix -onis giving "Domain of Aurius". The origin of the name Idernes however remains obscure.[7]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Aurions Ryons 1227 Raymond
17
Marca Village
Aurios 1385 Raymond
17
Census
Riontz 1538 Raymond
17
Reformation
Aurious 1750 Cassini
Idernes Ydernes 1385 Raymond
81
Census Village
Ydernas 1540 Raymond
81
Reformation
Idernes 1750 Cassini
L'Abbat L'Abbat 1863 Raymond
1
Moor
Les Barsious Les Barsious 1863 Raymond
22
Moor
Cailhabet Cailhabet 1863 Raymond
39
Farm
Castéra Castéra 1863 Raymond
44
Place
Disse Düsse 1487 Raymond
55
Establishments Hamlet
Dissa 1538 Raymond
55
Reformation
Dyssa 1546 Raymond
55
Reformation
L'Enclos L'Enclos 1863 Raymond
59
Hamlet
Serramone Serramona 1538 Raymond
159
Reformation Fief
Sarramonne 1675 Raymond
159
Reformation
Sarramoune 1780 Raymond
159
Aurions

Sources:

Origins:

  • Marca: Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn.[9]
  • Census: Census of Béarn[10]
  • Reformation: Reformation of Béarn[11]
  • Establishments: Register of Establishments of Béarn[12]
  • Aurions: Terrier of Aurions.[13]

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 17 of the 1863 dictionary that in 1385 Aurions and Idernes depended on the bailiwick of Lembeye and respectively had 11 and 13 fires.[4]

Idernes was merged with Aurions in 1844. In 1846 the commune, which had been part of the Canton of Garlin, changed to be part of the Canton of Lembeye.

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[14]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2008 André Lagrave
2008 2020 Nadine Oulie

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of five inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Lembeye en Vic-Bilh;
  • the SIVU for Highways in the Canton of Lembeye;
  • the SIVU for the educational grouping of Aurions-Idernes, Arrosès, Séméacq-Blachon, and Moncaup;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the management of drinking water (SIAEP) of Vic-Bilh Montanérès;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 110 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
204 239 251 205 275 302 432 451 407
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
406 391 343 331 306 286 284 262 273
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
236 223 228 191 201 191 189 175 175
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
169 174 144 157 141 117 - 110 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Aurions-Idernes War Memorial
Population of Aurions-Idernes

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zones of Madiran, Pacherenc-du-vic-bilh, and Béarn.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • Houses and FarmsLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[15]
  • Fortified Buildings at Aurions-Barsious (Late Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[5]
  • Fortified Buildings at Aurions-le-Tétour (Late Middle Ages)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[6]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint Pierre of Aurions

The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Parish Church of Saint Pierre of Aurions (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[16][17] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Wayside Cross (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[18]
    • 2 tablecloths for the choir enclosure (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[19]
    • A Pulpit (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[20]
    • An Altar, altar seating, Tabernacle, and a statue (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[21]
    • 4 Altar candlesticks (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[22]
    • A Painting: Christ on the Cross with the Virgin (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[23]
    • A Retable (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[24]
    • A Tabernacle (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[25]
    • Altar seating (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[26]
    • The Main Altar with seating, Tabernacle, Retable, and 4 candlesticks (18th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[27]
    • The Main Altar (19th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[28]
Church Picture Gallery

Facilities[edit]

The commune has a nursery school.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ a b c Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  4. ^ a b c d Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  5. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026453 Fortified Buildings at Aurions-Basious (French)
  6. ^ a b Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026452 Fortified Buildings at Aurions-le-Tétour (French)
  7. ^ a b Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2-35068-005-3 (French)
  8. ^ Cassini Map 1750 - Asson
  9. ^ Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn
  10. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ Manuscripts from the 15th and 16th centuries in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  13. ^ Manuscript from the 18th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  14. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027300 Houses and Farms (French)
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084326 Church of Saint Pierre of Aurions (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00026451 Parish Church of Saint Pierre (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002141 Wayside Cross (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002140 2 tablecloths for the choir enclosure (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002139 Pulpit (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002138 Altar, altar seating, Tabernacle, and a statue (French)
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002137 4 Altar candlesticks (French)
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002136 Painting: Christ on the Cross with the Virgin (French)
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002135 Retable (French)
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002134 Tabernacle (French)
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002133 Altar seating (French)
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002132 Main Altar with seating, Tabernacle, Retable, and 4 candlesticks (French)
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM64002131 Main Altar (French)