The Gateway to the Rockies
The Sunrise of Colorado
|Coordinates: 39°42′39″N 104°48′45″W / 39.71083°N 104.81250°W|
|Platted||1891 as Fletcher, Colorado|
|Incorporated (town)||1903-05-05, as the Town of Fletcher|
|Incorporated (city)||1929 as the City of Aurora|
|• Type||Home rule municipality|
|• Mayor||Mike Coffman (R)|
|• Total||160.705 sq mi (416.223 km2)|
|• Land||160.130 sq mi (414.734 km2)|
|• Water||0.575 sq mi (1.489 km2)|
|Elevation||5,403 ft (1,647 m)|
|• Rank||3rd in Colorado|
51st in the United States
|• Density||2,412/sq mi (931/km2)|
|• Metro||2,963,821 (19th)|
|• CSA||3,623,560 (17th)|
|• Front Range||5,055,344|
|Time zone||UTC−07:00 (MST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−06:00 (MDT)|
|Area codes||Both 303 and 720|
Aurora (/əˈroʊrə/, /əˈrɔːrə/) is a home rule municipality located in Arapahoe, Adams, and Douglas counties, Colorado, United States. The city's population was 386,261 at the 2020 United States Census with 336,035 residing in Arapahoe County, 47,720 residing in Adams County, and 2,506 residing in Douglas County. Aurora is the third most populous city in the State of Colorado and the 51st most populous city in the United States. Aurora is a principal city of the Denver–Aurora–Lakewood Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and a major city of the Front Range Urban Corridor.
This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2012)
Before European settlement, the land that now makes up Aurora was the territory of the Arapaho, Cheyenne, Núu-agha-tʉvʉ-pʉ̱ (Ute), and Očeti Šakówiŋ (Sioux) tribes. Aurora originated in the 1880s as the town of Fletcher, taking its name from Denver businessman Donald Fletcher who saw it as a real estate opportunity. He and his partners staked out four square miles (10 km2) east of Denver, but the town - and Colorado - struggled mightily after the Silver Crash of 1893. At that point Fletcher skipped town, leaving the community with a huge water debt. Inhabitants decided to rename the town Aurora in 1907, after one of the subdivisions composing the town, and Aurora slowly began to grow in Denver's shadow becoming the fastest-growing city in the United States during the late 1970s and early 1980s. Aurora, composed of hundreds of subdivisions, thus carries the name of one of the original development plats from which it sprang.
Aurora's growing population in recent decades has led to efforts for co-equal recognition with its larger neighbor. Former mayor Dennis Champine once expressed the somewhat whimsical notion that eventually the area would be called the "Aurora/Denver Metropolitan Area". Indeed, since the 2000 Census Aurora has surpassed Denver in land area, and much of Aurora is undeveloped, while Denver is more fully built-out. However, such efforts are somewhat hampered by the lack of a large, historically important central business district in the city. Aurora is largely suburban in character, as evidenced by the city's modest number of multi-story buildings.
A large military presence has existed in Aurora since the early 20th century. In 1918, Army General Hospital #21 (later renamed Fitzsimons Army Hospital) opened, with the U.S. government expanding and upgrading the hospital facilities in 1941 just in time to care for the wounded servicemen of World War II. Lowry Air Force Base was opened in 1938, straddling the border of Aurora and Denver. It eventually closed in 1994, and has been redeveloped into a master-planned community featuring residential, commercial, business and educational facilities. In 1942, the Army Air Corps built Buckley Field, which has been renamed Naval Air Station, Buckley Air National Guard Base, Buckley Air Force Base, and finally Buckley Space Force Base. The base, home of the Buckley Garrison and the 140th Wing Colorado Air National Guard, is Aurora's largest employer.
President Warren G. Harding visited Fitzsimons Army Hospital in 1923, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt visited in 1936. In 1943 the hospital was the birthplace of 2004 Democratic presidential candidate John Kerry. President Dwight D. Eisenhower recovered from a heart attack at Fitzsimons for seven weeks during the fall of 1955. Decommissioned in 1999, the facility is part of the Anschutz Medical Campus of the University of Colorado Denver, and the Fitzsimons Life Science District. The Anschutz Medical Campus also includes the University of Colorado Hospital, which moved to Aurora from Denver in 2007, and the Children's Hospital. The first carbon-ion radiotherapy research and treatment facility in the U.S. has been proposed at the site. These facilities will employ a workforce of 32,000 at build-out.
In 1965, mayor Norma O. Walker became the first woman to head a U.S. city with a population over 60,000.
In 1978, the cult coming-of-age film Over the Edge was filmed in Aurora; the crime drama has been named the “signature film” of Denver.
In 1979, it was announced that a science fiction theme park would be built in Aurora using the sets of a $50 million film based on the fantasy novel Lord of Light. However, due to legal problems the project was never completed. The script of the unmade film project, renamed Argo, was used as cover for the "Canadian Caper": the exfiltration of six U.S. diplomatic staff trapped by the Iranian hostage crisis.
In 1993, Cherry Creek State Park on the southwestern edge of Aurora was the location for the papal mass of the 8th World Youth Day with Pope John Paul II, attended by an estimated 500,000 people.
Aurora is split among three counties and lies distant from the respective county seats. A consolidated city and county government such as those found elsewhere in Colorado (Denver and Broomfield) was considered in the mid-1990s but failed to win approval by city voters; the issue was reconsidered in 2006.
Aurora Sports Park opened in 2003. In 2004, Aurora was honored as the Sports Illustrated magazine's 50th Anniversary "Sportstown" for Colorado because of its exemplary involvement in facilitating and enhancing sports. The city attracts more than 30 regional and national sports tournaments annually to Aurora's fields, which include the 220-acre (0.89 km2) Aurora's active populace is also reflected in the variety of professional athletes hailing from the city. Aurora's first semi-professional sports franchise, the Aurora Cavalry in the International Basketball League, began play in 2006 but folded by season's end due to budget mishaps.
In 2008, Aurora was designated an All-America City by the National Civic League.
Aurora pioneered the use of bank filtration in the United States, becoming one of the first U.S. cities to reap the benefits of siphoning water from beneath a riverbed upon completion of the Prairie Waters Project in 2010.
In 2017, the Republic of El Salvador opened a consulate in Aurora, serving Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, and Wyoming.
Aurora theater shooting
On July 20, 2012, Aurora was the site of the deadliest shooting by a lone shooter in Colorado (and the state's overall second deadliest, after the 1999 Columbine High School massacre). The shooting occurred just after midnight, when James Holmes opened fire during the midnight premiere of The Dark Knight Rises in a Century movie theater, killing 12 people and injuring 70 others. Holmes was arrested and was eventually sentenced to 12 life sentences in prison with an additional required 3,318 years. The shooting drew an international response from world leaders. U.S. President Barack Obama visited victims, as well as local and state officials, and addressed the nation in a televised address from Aurora on July 22. Actor Christian Bale, who plays Batman in the film, also visited some victims in hospitals. The events marked a turning point in recognition and public perception of the city; rather than referring to the site as being in "Denver" or "suburban Denver", as would have been typical before the event, virtually all media accounts of the incident unequivocally named "Aurora" as its location.
On August 30, 2019, Aurora African-American massage therapist Elijah McClain died six days after an incident with three Aurora police officers. On June 27, 2020, Aurora Police in riot gear dispersed thousands of protestors in the Violin Protest of the death of Elijah McClain.
Aurora's official elevation, posted on signs at the city limits, is 5,471 feet (1,668 m). However, the city spans a difference in elevation of nearly 1,000 feet (300 m). The lowest elevation of 5,285 feet (1,611 m) is found at the point where Sand Creek crosses the city limit in the northwest corner of the city, while the highest elevation of 6,229 feet (1,899 m) is on the extreme southern border of the city in Douglas County, near the intersection of Inspiration and Gartrell roads.
At the 2020 United States Census, the city had a total area of 102,851 acres (416.223 km2) including 368 acres (1.489 km2) of water. The city is about 5 percent more extensive than neighboring Denver and ranks as the 56th largest U.S. city in land area.
Aurora is composed of dozens of neighborhoods, districts and (current and former) military installations. Among them:
- Aurora Heights
- The Aurora Highlands
- Aurora Hills
- Aurora Knolls
- Beacon Point
- Berkshire Village
- Buckley Space Force Base
- Carriage Place
- Chaddsford Village
- Chambers Heights
- Cinnamon Village II
- Cross Creek
- The Dam East
- Del Mar
- The Dam West
- Downtown A-Town (the Fletcher townsite, Aurora's "downtown")
- East Quincy Highlands
- Fitzsimons Campus
- Fox Hill
- Hallcraft's Village East
- Hampton Hills
- Havana Heights
- Heather Gardens
- Heather Ridge
- Heritage Eagle Bend Golf Club
- Highline Villages
- Hillside at Del Mar
- Hoffman Heights
- Hutchinson Heights
- Jackson Farm
- Lowry Campus (formerly Lowry Air Force Base)
- Lynn Knoll
- Meadow Hills
- Mission Viejo
- Morris Heights
- Murphy Creek
- Peoria Park
- Pheasant Run
- Piney Creek
- Ponderosa Ridge
- Pride's Crossing
- Ptarmigan Park
- Quincy Hill
- Rocking Horse
- Saddle Rock
- Settler's Village
- Serenity Ridge
- Seven Hills
- Stapleton (a portion of the redevelopment of Denver's former airport lies in Aurora, directly north of Original Aurora)
- Smoky Hill
- Smoky Ridge
- Sterling Hills
- Stricker's House
- Summer Valley Ranch
- Tallyn's Reach
- The Timbers
- Tollgate Run at Kingsborough
- Tollgate Village
- Utah Park
- Village East
- Waters Edge
- Whispering Pines
- Willow Park
- Willow Trace
|West: Denver, Centennial||Aurora||East: Watkins, Bennett, Strasburg|
|South: Greenwood Village, Centennial,
Aurora experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with four distinct seasons and modest precipitation year-round. Summers range from mild to hot, with generally low humidity and frequent afternoon thunderstorms, and Aurora also averages about one dozen tornado warnings throughout tornado season, running from April–July. Although a touchdown does occur every couple of years, tornadoes are typically weak and short lived. Aurora residents typically hear the tornado sirens go off numerous times more than residents in Denver, to the West. All of Aurora is located east of I-25, where tornado alley begins. Hailstorms, at times 1–2'+ deep happen on occasion, and typical hailstorms are very common throughout these months. July is the warmest month of the year, with an average high of 89 °F (32 °C) and an average low of 57 °F (14 °C). Winters range from mild to occasional bitter cold, with periods of sunshine alternating with periods of snow, high winds and very low temperatures. December is the coldest month of the year, with an average high of 43 °F (6 °C) and an average low of 17 °F (−8 °C). The average first snowfall in the Aurora area occurs in late October and the average final snowfall occurs in late April, although snow has fallen as early as September 4 and as late as June 5. Generally, deciduous trees in the area are bare from mid October to late April.
|Climate data for Aurora, Colorado|
|Record high °F (°C)||76
|Average high °F (°C)||45
|Average low °F (°C)||18
|Record low °F (°C)||−32
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||0.49
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the 2010 census, there were 325,078 people, 121,191 households, and 73,036 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,939.6 inhabitants per square mile (748.9/km2). There were 131,040 housing units at an average density of 766.7 per square mile (296.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 61.1% White, 15.7% African American, 4.9% Asian (1.1% Korean, 0.8% Vietnamese, 0.5% Filipino, 0.5% Chinese, 0.5% Indian, 0.2% Japanese, 0.1% Thai, 0.1% Cambodian, 0.1% Burmese, 0.1% Nepalese, 0.1% Pakistani, 0.1% Indonesian), 1.0% Native American, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 11.6% from other races, and 5.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28.7% of the population; 21.9% of Aurora's population is of Mexican heritage, 1.0% Salvadoran, 0.7% Puerto Rican, 0.4% Guatemalan, 0.3% Honduran, 0.3% Peruvian, 0.2% Cuban, 0.2% Colombian and 0.1% Nicaraguan. Non-Hispanic Whites were 47.3% of the population in 2010, compared to 85.1% in 1980.
Aurora is a center of Colorado's refugee population. There are about 30,000 Ethiopians and Eritreans living in the Denver–Aurora area. There is also a sizable population of Nepalese refugees.
There were 121,191 households, out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.9% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.8% were non-families. 27.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.2.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 37.6% from 25 to 44, 16.8% from 45 to 64, and 8.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $46,507, and the median income for a family was $52,551. Males had a median income of $35,963 versus $30,080 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,095. About 6.8% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Aurora Economic Development Council, the largest public employers in the city are:
|1||Buckley Space Force Base||12,100|
|2||Anschutz Medical Campus||6,360|
|3||University of Colorado Hospital||4,050|
|4||Aurora Public Schools||4,020|
|5||Cherry Creek Schools||3,820|
|6||City of Aurora||3,740|
|7||Community College of Aurora||510|
According to the Aurora Economic Development Council, the largest private employers in the city of Aurora are:
|1||Children's Hospital Colorado||5,670|
|4||The Medical Center of Aurora||1,710|
|8||Tyco Integrated Security||850|
Other notable employers in the city include Lockheed Martin Corporation, Staples Inc., United Natural Foods, Aurora Mental Health Center, G45 Secure Solutions, Graebel Relocation, Core-Mark, and Nelnet, Inc.
In 2020, German cleaning technology manufacturer Kärcher opened its North American headquarters in Aurora, on a new street named Kärcher Way.
The city of Aurora manages more than 100 parks, more than 6,000 acres (24 km2) of open space and natural areas, and six award-winning municipal golf courses (Aurora Hills, Meadow Hills, Murphy Creek, Saddle Rock, Springhill and Fitzsimons). Aurora also is home to several privately owned golf courses including CommonGround Golf Course, Heather Ridge Country Club, Heritage Eagle Bend Golf Club and Valley Country Club.
Star K Ranch, home to Aurora's Morrison Nature Center, provides important habitat for wildlife. It has several trails for nature exploration, including access to the Sand Creek Greenway Trail. Jewell Wetland, a 50-acre (200,000 m2) wooded wetland, features trails, boardwalk/deck access into the wetland and a butterfly garden. Aurora Reservoir and Quincy Reservoir offer plenty of opportunities for outdoor water pursuits.
DeLaney Farm, site of Aurora's famous historic round barn, has 130 acres (0.53 km2) of open space, trails with access to the High Line Canal, an organic garden managed by Denver Urban Gardens, and two structures on the National Register of Historic Places. The Plains Conservation Center, with 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) of native shortgrass prairie, hosts a variety of educational programs.
Twenty-seven historic sites and landmarks are managed by the city of Aurora, including the Gully Homestead of 1870, the Victorian-style Centennial House of 1890, the privately owned American War Mothers National Memorial Home, the Art Deco-style KOA Building of 1934, the DeLaney Round Barn of 1902, Lowry Building 800, the interim headquarters for the U.S. Air Force Academy from 1955 to 1958, and Stanley Marketplace, which opened at the former site of Stanley Aviation in 2016.
The Aurora Fox Theatre & Arts Center, another historic landmark, is a 245-seat performing arts facility in the Aurora Cultural Arts District, along East Colfax Avenue. In that same area, The People's Building is a performing arts venue with flexible space, including 191 retractable seats and a gallery.
The Aurora History Museum is a community-based cultural center featuring a permanent exhibit on Aurora history and two changing exhibit galleries touching on topics related to history and decorative arts.
The Aurora Symphony Orchestra, a community orchestra established in 1978, offers a full season of full orchestra concerts annually as well as smaller chamber ensemble performances.
The Aurora Public Library serves its population, providing four main branches, four PC centers, and a variety of events throughout the year to its population.
Town Center at Aurora is the city's main shopping mall. Other shopping centers in Aurora include The Gardens on Havana (formerly Buckingham Square) and Southlands.
Stanley Marketplace, a shopping mall inside the former Stanley Aviation plant.
The city of Aurora operates under a council-manager form of government, where the city manager runs the city's day-to-day operations with general guidance from the city council. The Aurora City Council is composed of a mayor and ten council members. Six members are elected from districts, while the other four are elected at large. The mayor is elected by the entire city. Aurora's mayor role is largely ceremonial, but the mayor does have direct impact on policy issues as the head of city council. The council is nonpartisan; however, parties of members have been listed below for reference.
|Ward I||Crystal Murillo||Democratic|
|Ward II||Steve Sundberg||Republican|
|Ward III||Ruben Medina||Democratic|
|Ward IV||Juan Marcano||Democratic|
|Ward V||Alison Coombs||Democratic|
|Ward VI||Francoise Bergan||Republican|
This full-service city is protected by the Aurora Police Department, one of only 10 law enforcement agencies in Colorado to be accredited by the Commission on Accreditation for Law Enforcement Agencies; the Aurora Fire Department, which is accredited by the Commission on Fire Accreditation International; and a Public Safety Communications dispatch call center. The Aurora Municipal Courts handles a wide variety of offense violations, and the Aurora Detention Center is a 72-hour adult holding facility.
In national elections, Aurora leans to the left and the Democratic Party, though not as much as neighboring Denver but more than other suburbs in the Denver metro area. Northern and Central Aurora, due to an extremely racially and culturally diverse voter base and high density for a suburban city, are some of the most Democratic areas in Colorado and vote similarly to Denver and Boulder; southern Aurora, similar to neighboring Centennial, is more of a swing area and used to lean Republican, though it has swung Democratic as of late but not as much as areas more north of Interstate 225.
Aurora anchors Colorado's 6th congressional district and is represented in Congress by Jason Crow (D-Centennial). State representation is listed in the tables below (areas implied to be in Arapahoe County unless noted: not all districts are fully in Aurora).
Colorado State Representatives
|District 30||Dafna Michaelson Jenet||Democratic||North Aurora (Adams County)|
|District 36||Mike Weissman||Democratic||Eastern Aurora|
|District 37||Tom Sullivan||Democratic||Southeastern Aurora|
|District 39||Mark Baisley||Republican||Southern Aurora (Douglas County)|
|District 40||Naquetta Ricks||Democratic||South-central Aurora|
|District 41||Iman Jodeh||Democratic||Central Aurora|
|District 42||Mandy Lindsay||Democratic||North-central Aurora|
|District 44||Kim Ransom||Republican||Southern Aurora (Douglas County)|
|District 56||Rod Bockenfeld||Republican||Eastern Aurora (Adams and Arapahoe Counties)|
Colorado State Senators
|District 4||Jim Smallwood||Republican||Southern Aurora (Douglas County)|
|District 25||Kevin Priola||Democratic[a]||Northern Aurora (Adams County)|
|District 26||Jeff Bridges||Democratic||South-central Aurora|
|District 27||Chris Kolker||Democratic||Southeastern Aurora|
|District 28||Janet Buckner||Democratic||South-central Aurora|
|District 29||Rhonda Fields||Democratic||North-central Aurora|
List of mayors
|H.M. Miliken||May 27, 1891—May 1, 1894|
|A.L.B. Davies||May 2, 1894—April 2, 1895|
|P.H. Chambers||April 3, 1895—April 15, 1898|
|W.A. Clundy||April 16, 1898—April 8, 1899|
|W.H. Murphy||April 9, 1899—April 12, 1901|
|Jonas Washburn||April 13, 1901—April 6, 1903|
|Harry S. Class||April 7, 1903—April 14, 1904|
|Louis M. Strauss||April 15, 1904—April 2, 1905|
|Wilmer J. Parker||April 13, 1905—April 10, 1906||Resigned|
|Andrew Thompson||April 16, 1906—April 14, 1907||Last mayor of Fletcher|
|Edwin G. Smith||April 15, 1907—April 12, 1908||First mayor of Aurora|
|A.H. Kramer||April 13, 1908—April 13, 1910|
|V.T. O'Donald||April 14, 1910—April 17, 1911|
|Gershom Jones||April 18, 1911—April 13, 1914|
|H.B. Thompson||April 14, 1914—April 12, 1917|
|George E. Smith||April 13, 1917—December 7, 1917||Resigned|
|Harry Katherman||December 8, 1917—July 1, 1918||Mayor pro tem|
|John McMillan||July 1, 1918—May 4, 1919|
|J.N. Trompen||May 5, 1919—April 21, 1920|
|Jasper Parrish||April 22, 1920—April 14, 1921|
|John McMillan||April 15, 1921—April 11, 1926|
|F.A. Harrison||April 12, 1926—April 10, 1927|
|E.S. Murphy||April 11, 1927—April 24, 1929|
|B.B. Nevius||April 25, 1929—April 12, 1931|
|Charles F. Holzer||April 13, 1931—April 6, 1937|
|W.J. Parrish||April 7, 1937—April 6, 1941|
|J.E. McWhorter||April 7, 1941—January 11, 1943||Resigned|
|A.O. Hill||January 13, 1943—April 8, 1945||Appointed January 13, 1943, elected April 12, 1943|
|B.T. Howard||April 9, 1945—January 11, 1948|
|C.E. Tupps||January 12, 1948—November 8, 1953|
|William B. Mansfield||November 9, 1953—November 6, 1955|
|Allen C. Bradly||November 7, 1955—November 8, 1959|
|Harry W. Allard||November 9, 1959—November 11, 1963|
|Robert W. Fennig||November 12, 1963—November 7, 1965|
|Norma O. Walker||November 8, 1965—November 12, 1967||First female mayor|
|Paul C. Beck||November 13, 1967—December 8, 1974|
|William R. Dominguez||December 9, 1974—November 9, 1975|
|Fred H. Hood||November 10, 1975—November 5, 1979|
|Dennis Champine||November 6, 1979—November 3, 1987|
|Paul Tauer||November 4, 1987—November 4, 2003|
|Edward J. Tauer||November 5, 2003—November 13, 2011|
|Steve Hogan||November 14, 2011—May 13, 2018|
|Bob LeGare||June 25, 2018—December 1, 2019|
|Mike Coffman||December 2, 2019—present|
Primary and secondary education:
Post-secondary and career education:
Aurora straddles Interstate 70, Interstate 225 and the E-470 beltway. The Regional Transportation District's light rail transit system was extended to serve the southwestern edge of Aurora on November 17, 2006. The H Line stops at Aurora's Dayton and Nine Mile Stations; a comprehensive network of feeder buses in southern Aurora serve the latter. On February 24, 2017, the line was extended as the R Line to Peoria Station in the city's northwest, where riders may transfer to the A Line providing service between Union Station in downtown Denver and Denver International Airport (DIA). Much of Aurora is more convenient to DIA than Denver itself, and the city is planning an aerotropolis along the airport's southern flank. This proximity is a factor in the expected growth of the E-470 corridor directly south of DIA, projected to eventually accommodate 250,000 additional Aurora residents. The easternmost portions of Aurora adjoin the Colorado Air and Space Port.
In 2017, Aurora became the first city in Colorado to host a dockless bike sharing program.
In 2014 the U.S.A. Powerlifting Raw Nationals and the IPF Open Powerlifting World Championships were both held in Aurora. The WC was the 35th Women and 44th Men open Powerlifting Championships, and it was held on the Radisson Hotel Denver Southeast.
Some notable individuals who were born in or have lived in Aurora include:
- Lauren Boebert, U.S. Representative for Colorado's 3rd congressional district
- J. Scott Campbell, comic book artist
- Danny Dietz, former Navy SEAL killed in Operation Red Wings, recipient of the Navy Cross
- John Kerry, U.S. Senator and Secretary of State
- Jennifer Ketcham, former pornographic actress with the stage name Penny Flame
- Joe Neguse, U.S. Representative
- Brendan Schaub, former mixed martial arts fighter, comedian and broadcaster
- Dan Soder, stand-up comedian
- Michelle Waterson, mixed martial arts fighter
- Bowen Yang, SNL cast member
- Michael Chiesa, UFC fighter
Aurora's sister cities are:
Aurora also has one friendship city:
- Antiguo Cuscatlán, El Salvador (2016)
- List of counties in Colorado
- List of municipalities in Colorado
- List of places in Colorado
- List of statistical areas in Colorado
- Aurora Sentinel, the local newspaper
- ^ Kevin Priola was elected as a Republican, and crossed the floor to the Democratic Party in 2022.
- ^ After Aurora Sister Cities International was resurrected in 2013.
- ^ a b c d "Active Colorado Municipalities". Colorado Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved October 15, 2021.
- ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. December 1, 2004. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved August 18, 2007.
- ^ "Aurora History". City of Aurora, Colorado. Archived from the original on September 28, 2007. Retrieved August 23, 2007.
- ^ a b c d "Decennial Census P.L. 94-171 Redistricting Data". United States Census Bureau, United States Department of Commerce. August 12, 2021. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
- ^ a b "Aurora". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey, United States Department of the Interior.
- ^ Temprano, Victor (2015). "Native Land". Native Land Digital.
- ^ "Timeline: Development of the Anschutz campus (Slideshow) - Denver Business Journal". Denver Business Journal. Retrieved April 6, 2016.
- ^ Cornelius, Cornell (September 24, 2014). "CSU plan presents new hope for U.S. Cancer Patients". Colorado State University. Retrieved November 8, 2014.
- ^ "The signature film of 76 cities around the world". Yardbarker. December 10, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- ^ "World Youth Day memorial signs in need of repair". Archived from the original on September 27, 2011.
- ^ http://www.aurorasentinel.com/main.asp?SectionID=8&SubSectionID=8&ArticleID=11778[dead link]
- ^ "AAC Winners by State and City". Ncl.org. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- ^ Levy, Max (January 10, 2023). "Aurora poised to double capacity of Prairie Waters riverbank filtration project with federal grant". Sentinel Colorado. Retrieved January 12, 2023.
- ^ "Prairie Waters". www.auroragov.org. Retrieved January 12, 2023.
- ^ "Consulado de el Salvador en Aurora, Colorado - Inicio". Archived from the original on January 18, 2018.
- ^ "Colorado Movie Theater Shooting: 70 Victims The Largest Mass Shooting". Good morning America. July 20, 2012. Archived from the original on July 21, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2012.
- ^ "Officials release complete list of injured victims in Aurora massacre". Fox News Channel. January 10, 2013. Retrieved July 4, 2013.
- ^ "Aurora is Finally a Household Name...For the Wrong Reason". westword.com. July 20, 2012. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
Most of the headlines name-check Aurora as the site of the massacre, rather than tying it to a Denver suburb.
- ^ Independent Review Panel (February 22, 2021). "Investigation Report and Recommendations" (PDF). City of Aurora. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- ^ Heyward, Giulia (July 13, 2020). "Violin Vigils Honor the Memory of Elijah McClain". New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2021.
- ^ Auroragov.org: Planning and Development Services Department Archived September 27, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ "A bold look at Denver area's future: In Aurora, first large master plan in years has a fall-themed preview next weekend (Oct. 26-27)". October 18, 2019.
- ^ "No Site For Domain - Kinsta". tallynsreach-community.com. Archived from the original on April 14, 2018. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
- ^ "Aurora, Colorado Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved April 14, 2018.
- ^ Weather.com— Archived August 2, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. October 5, 2010. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- ^ "Aurora (city), Colorado". State & County QuickFacts. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 31, 2012. Retrieved July 22, 2012.
- ^ "Colorado - Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on August 12, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- ^ Illescas, Carlos. Aurora reaching out refugee community, Denver Post, December 21, 2012.
- ^ Bunch, Joey. Denver metro area home to 30,000 Ethiopians, Eritreans Archived March 4, 2014, at the Wayback Machine, Denver Post, July 29, 2013.
- ^ "Aurora Economic Development Council". Auroraedc.com. Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
- ^ "Aurora Economic Development Council - Largest Employers". www.auroraedc.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2021. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
- ^ a b c d "Parks & Open Spaces @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ "Golf @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ "Explore the Sites @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ The People's Building. "Aurora Cultural Arts District". AuroraGov.org. Retrieved February 25, 2022.
- ^ "Aurora History Museum @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ Aurora Symphony Orchestra (February 22, 1999). "About the ASO". Aurorasymphony.org. Archived from the original on July 25, 2011. Retrieved August 5, 2011.
- ^ "Aurora Public Library". City of Aurora. Archived from the original on August 1, 2015. Retrieved June 6, 2015.
- ^ "Mayor & Council Members @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ "Mayor & City Council".
- ^ "Police @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ "Fire @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ "911 Communications @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ "Courts & Detention @ AuroraGov.Org". Archived from the original on October 29, 2013. Retrieved October 24, 2013.
- ^ Mason, Kara (March 13, 2020). "LEFT TURN: Aurora, area suburbs veering left politically". Aurora Sentinel. Associated Press. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
- ^ Park, Alice; Smart, Charlie; Taylor, Rumsey; Watkins, Miles (February 2, 2021). "2020 Elections Map". The New York Times. Retrieved February 21, 2021.
- ^ @KevinPriola (August 22, 2022). "#coleg #copolitics #Elections2022 #democracy #Republican #DemocratsDeliver #colorado" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- ^ "Elections Archives". Retrieved October 25, 2019.
- ^ Swartzell, Griffin. "New PAC asks mediocre white guys "Dude, can you not?"". Colorado Springs Independent. Archived from the original on July 1, 2018. Retrieved May 11, 2018.
- ^ "Christ Our Redeemer Lutheran School". Retrieved February 27, 2020.
- ^ Smith, James. "Your Aurora Government" (PDF). Aurora Government. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 1, 2015. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- ^ "Aerotropolis - A Game Changer for Aurora -". CCD Magazine. April 23, 2020. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- ^ "City of Aurora in Colorado". www.auroragov.org. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
- ^ visitaurora - International Powerlifting World Championships Archived November 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
- ^ Villager, The (September 8, 2021). "U. S. Rep. Lauren Boebert wows local G.O.P." The Villager. Retrieved March 2, 2022.
- ^ Beyers, Tim (June 1, 2013). "Denver Comic Con: Q&A with J. Scott Campbell". 5280. Archived from the original on May 4, 2016. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
- ^ "Kerry, John Forbes, (1943- )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. U.S. Congress. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
- ^ Nguyen, Joe (April 28, 2015). "Michelle Waterson signs to fight in UFC's strawweight division". The Denver Post. Retrieved April 22, 2016.
- ^ a b "Our Sister Cities". Aurora Sister Cities International. Retrieved November 1, 2020.