Aurora, Dichteren

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Aurora
Dichteren Aurora 04.JPG
The mill in September 2008
Origin
Mill nameAurora
Mill locationWehlseweg 1, 7007 GD, Doetinchem
Coordinates51°57′18″N 6°16′17″E / 51.95500°N 6.27139°E / 51.95500; 6.27139Coordinates: 51°57′18″N 6°16′17″E / 51.95500°N 6.27139°E / 51.95500; 6.27139
Operator(s)Municipality of Doetinchem
Year built1870
Information
PurposeCorn mill
TypeTower mill
StoreysThree storeys
No. of sailsFour sails
Type of sailsCommon sails
Windshaftcast iron
WindingTailpole and winch
No. of pairs of millstonesOne pair
Size of millstones1.30 metres (4 ft 3 in) diameter

Aurora is a tower mill in Dichteren, Gelderland, Netherlands which was built in 1870 and has been restored to working order. The mill is listed as a Rijksmonument.

History[edit]

There has been a windmill in Dichteren since 1459. A mill was also recorded as standing in 1501. On 12 August 1612 a post mill here was severely damaged by lightning. The mill here was blown down on 4 November 1800, with two casualties. It stood on the Houtkamp.[1]

A replacement post mill was built in 1801. It was demolished in 1870. Parts of the post mill were incorporated in Aurora,[2] the tower mill built to replace it. This mill was built on a new site as the old site was not well placed for wind. Aurora was built for A Harbers, it was to remain in the ownership of the Harbers family until 1976.[3]

In 1953, the mill was fitted with two Ten Have sails.[3] A photograph shows that all four sails were fitted with streamlined leading edges on the Van Bussel system.[4] In 1976, the mill was sold to the Gemeente Doetinchem. The Ten Have sails were removed when the mill was restored in 1978, and unstreamlined Common sails were fitted in their place. The windshaft from Sara Catharina, Kerkdriel, Gelderland was fitted at this date, with the windshaft from Aurora going to that mill. The restored mill was reopened on 16 September 1978. Aurora is listed as a Rijksmonument, № 13089.[3]

Description[edit]

Aurora is what the Dutch call a "Grondzeiler". It is a three storey tower mill. There is no stage, the sails reaching almost down to ground level. The cap is covered in dakleer. Winding is by tailpole and winch. The sails are Common sails. They have a span of 20.66 metres (67 ft 9 in). They are carried on a cast iron windshaft, which was cast by NSBM, Feyenoord, South Holland in 1848. The windshaft also carries the brake wheel, which has 61 cogs. This drives a wallower with 32 cogs, which is situated at the top of the upright shaft. At the bottom of the upright shaft is the great spur wheel, which has 94 cogs. This drives a pair of 1.30 metres (4 ft 3 in) diameter Cullen millstones via a lantern pinion stone nut with 28 staves.[3]

Public access[edit]

Aurora is open on Monday and Thursday from 09:00 to 12:00, or by appointment.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Holtkampsemolen (1e), Doetinchem" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 15 November 2014. (click on internal link to access webpage)
  2. ^ "Holtkampsemolen (2e), Doetinchem" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d "Dichteren, Gelderland" (in Dutch). Molendatabase. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  4. ^ Ronde stenen grondzeiler van voren gefotografeerd - Doetinchem - 20363244 - RCE.jpg (colour photograph). Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. 13 May 1960. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  5. ^ "Aurora te Doetinchem-Dichteren, Contact" (in Dutch). De Hollandsche Molen. Retrieved 15 November 2014.

External links[edit]