|Nickname(s): City of Spires|
Location in the state of Indiana
|• Mayor||Donnie Hastings (R)|
|• Total||3.09 sq mi (8.00 km2)|
|• Land||2.76 sq mi (7.15 km2)|
|• Water||0.33 sq mi (0.85 km2)|
|Elevation||486 ft (148 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||3,729|
|• Density||1,358.7/sq mi (524.6/km2)|
|Time zone||EST (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0430347|
Aurora is located at .(39.058551, -84.906351)
According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 3.09 square miles (8.0 km2), of which 2.76 square miles (7.1 km2) (or 89.32%) is land and 0.33 square miles (0.85 km2) (or 10.68%) is water.
Located at a north-south bend in the Ohio River, just south of Hogan Creek, the town has now expanded north of the creek and farther into the interior of the state. Aurora was initially settled in the early 1800s and was incorporated in 1845.
On August 24, 1781, Colonel Archibald Lochry were ambushed by Joseph Brant's raiders at Lochry Creek. One-third of his 107 men were killed and the rest, including Colonel Lochry, were murdered.
On March 1, 1798, the first European descent child was born in the area. Samuel Morrison became a historian, inventor and map-maker.
Aurora is known for its picturesque historic downtown area and the gorgeous Hillforest mansion built for Thomas Gaff who earned his fortune shipping goods on the Ohio River by steamboat. The mansion was designed by architect Isaiah Rogers and was completed in 1855 in the Italian Renaissance style. The design is symmetrical. Details include deep overhangs, arched windows and balconies and porches. Hillforest was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1992.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,750 people, 1,472 households, and 936 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,358.7 inhabitants per square mile (524.6 /km2). There were 1,647 housing units at an average density of 596.7 per square mile (230.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.5% White, 0.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 1,472 households of which 35.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.3% were married couples living together, 15.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.4% were non-families. 29.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11.
The median age in the city was 36.2 years. 26.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.3% male and 50.7% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,965 people, 1,592 households, and 1,022 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,428.2 people per square mile (550.7/km²). There were 1,716 housing units at an average density of 618.1 per square mile (238.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.59% White, 0.10% African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.25% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.61% of the population.
There were 1,592 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.8% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.08.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 9.1% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $32,500, and the median income for a family was $39,331. Males had a median income of $32,058 versus $24,671 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,587. About 9.4% of families and 10.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.3% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
The government consists of a mayor and a city council. The mayor is elected in citywide vote. The city council consists of five members. Four are elected from individual districts. One is elected at-large.
- Kirtley Baker - Major League Baseball player
- Elmer Davis - Director of the Office of War Information in World War II; Peabody Award recipient
- Bill Slayback - 2006 Indiana Basketball Hall of Fame Inductee; Dearborn County All Century Team
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-11.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-25.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Indiana". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-04-21.
- Google Maps, http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&tab=wl
- Historic Aurora, Indiana, Website, http://www.aurora.in.us/
- Sign post at Lochry Creek, Aurora, Indiana, placed by the Sons of the American Revolution, 1961.
- Dearborn County Sesquicential Committee sign posted in 1956.
- Scouting New York website, http://www.scoutingny.com/?p=2335
- Historic Hillforest website, http://www.hillforest.org/history.php