Aurora, Ohio

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Aurora, Ohio
Aurora's city hall
Aurora's city hall
Location within Portage County
Location within Portage County
Aurora, Ohio is located in the United States
Aurora, Ohio
Location in the United States and Ohio
Aurora, Ohio is located in Ohio
Aurora, Ohio
Aurora, Ohio (Ohio)
Coordinates: 41°19′9″N 81°21′21″W / 41.31917°N 81.35583°W / 41.31917; -81.35583Coordinates: 41°19′9″N 81°21′21″W / 41.31917°N 81.35583°W / 41.31917; -81.35583
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyPortage
First Settled1799
Incorporated1929 (Village)
Incorporated1971 (City)
Founded byEbenezer Sheldon
Government
 • MayorAnn Womer Benjamin
Area
 • Total24.06 sq mi (62.31 km2)
 • Land22.91 sq mi (59.34 km2)
 • Water1.15 sq mi (2.97 km2)
Elevation
1,132 ft (345 m)
Population
 • Total17,239
 • Density713.04/sq mi (275.31/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44202
Area code(s)330
FIPS code39-03086[3]
GNIS feature ID1064359[4]
Websitewww.auroraoh.com

Aurora is a city in Portage County, Ohio, United States. It is a suburb of Cleveland and Akron, Ohio, and is co-extensive with, and formed from, the former township of Aurora, which was formed from the Connecticut Western Reserve. It is part of the Akron metropolitan area. The population was 17,239 at the 2020 census.

Aurora was designated a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation.

Some say Aurora was the name of the daughter of Major Amos Spafford, while others believe the village was named after Aurora, the Roman goddess of dawn.[6]

History[edit]

1800s: Settlement and Early History[edit]

In 1799, Ebenezer Sheldon, a former Revolutionary War soldier, would settle in Aurora and build a cabin on east pioneer trail.[7] Shortly after, he would bring his family from Connecticut to live in the new settlement. In 1807 alone, 72 settlers came Aurora, and two years later, the first frame house was built. Most people in Aurora at the time lived along the three main roads; The Cleveland-Warren road, the Chillicothe-Turnpike, and the Old Mill road. At the intersection of the three roads, inns and stores were built for settlers and travelers in Aurora. By the mid-1800s, the Chillicothe road was lined with shops, hotels, taverns, and a school. In 1862, one of the first cheese factories, the Silver Creek Cheese Factory, was built by Frank and Elisha Hurd.[8] In 1872, the Aurora Station would be constructed, and it became a major commercial area for the town.[7] By the end of the 1800s, there had been seven schools built, and the existing church in Aurora was also created.

1900s[edit]

In 1904, four million pounds of cheese was produced in Aurora cheese factories, making it the biggest cheese producer in the United States.[9] One year later, Aurora's stone sidewalk was completed, stretching from Aurora Station to Town Center. In 1913, a flood destroyed the Silver Creek Factory. One of its creators, Frank Hurd, stayed in the cheese industry until 1921.[8] The Aurora cheese industry would be on decline from then on.

In 1929, Aurora would become a village, with its first mayor being Lee Gould.[10] Later, the remaining areas of the Aurora township would be annexed into the village. By 1970, Aurora had reached a population of almost six and a half thousand residents, and its population would grow by about two thousand in the next decade. In 1971, Aurora would become a city.[11]

Geography[edit]

Aurora is located at 41°19′9″N 81°21′21″W / 41.31917°N 81.35583°W / 41.31917; -81.35583 (41.319254, -81.355859).[12] It borders or touches the following other townships and municipalities:

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.07 square miles (62.34 km2), of which 1.15 square miles (2.98 km2) is covered by water.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880222
1940518
195057110.2%
19604,049609.1%
19706,54961.7%
19808,17724.9%
19909,19212.4%
200013,55647.5%
201015,54814.7%
202017,23910.9%
Sources:[14][15][3]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 15,548 people, 6,018 households, and 4,365 families residing in the city. The population density was 678.4 inhabitants per square mile (261.9/km2). There were 6,396 housing units at an average density of 279.1 per square mile (107.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.9% White, 1.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 3.9% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.3% of the population.

There were 6,018 households, of which 32.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.5% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.03.

The median age in the city was 45.4 years. 24.6% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 19.7% were from 25 to 44; 31.6% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 13,556 people, 5,047 households, and 3,901 families residing in the city. The population density was 583.8 people per square mile (225.4/km2). There were 5,361 housing units at an average density of 230.9 per square mile (89.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.67% White, 1.16% African American, 0.10% Native American, 2.24% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.13% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.58% of the population.

There were 5,047 households, out of which 35.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.9% were married couples living together, 6.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.7% were non-families. 19.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the city the population was spread out, with 25.7% under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 26.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $112,547, and the median income for a family was $128,432. Males had a median income of $100,797 versus $53,846 for females. The per capita income for the city was $69,672.

Education[edit]

Aurora City School District operates three elementary schools (Leighton, Craddock, and Miller), one middle school (Harmon), and one high school, Aurora High School.[16] In 2019, Aurora High School was ranked second in Northeast Ohio, ninth in the state, and 308th in the nation; 78% of its students participate in advanced placement. Furthermore, it boasts a 18:1 student-teacher ratio, with 986 students.[17]

Aurora is home to Valley Christian Academy.[18] Aurora has a public library, a branch of the Portage County District Library.[19]

Culture, recreation, and sports[edit]

The Church in Aurora, part of Aurora's historic district

Parts of central Aurora have been designated the Aurora Center Historic District. The historic district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.[20]

The city has several private country clubs, including Club Walden and Barrington Golf Club. In addition, it was home to the historic Aurora Golf and Country Club. In 1924, Bert Way designed the championship golf course. The course wound through 220 acres of spectacularly crafted landscape, with the Chagrin River flowing through a majority of the holes. It was constructed in natural rolling terrain, with the Aurora branch of the Chagrin River being a significant feature. In 1967, 1969, and 1970, the club hosted the Cleveland Open. Arnold Palmer once battled the course while competing in this PGA event; Arnold Palmer, along with Bruce Devlin, Charlie Coody, Gary Trivisonno, and Tom Laubacher, held the course record of 64. After 88 years, in 2012, Aurora Golf and Country Club shuttered its doors. The former course has now been converted into the Paddock River Preserve.[21]

Various recreational facilities operated on the site of Giles Pond, also known as Geauga Lake, continuously since before 1887.[22] The Big Dipper roller coaster operated for 82 years at the site.[23] The amusement park permanently closed in 2007, but the Wildwater Kingdom waterpark attached to the site continued to operate until 2016. Geauga Lake historically was also the second location for the SeaWorld chain of marine mammal parks, which opened on the opposite side of the lake from the amusement park in 1970 and was home to the killer whale (orca) show known as Shamu.

Aurora High School, in 2008, were the Division III State Champions in football.

In 2016, Aurora Robotics Team TBD won the FIRST Tech Challenge FIRST Championship in St. Louis, MO.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  3. ^ a b c "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  6. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 7.
  7. ^ a b marcelle (2010-05-06). "Aurora Timeline". Aurora Historical Society. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  8. ^ a b "Silver Creek Cheese Factory - Ohio History Central". ohiohistorycentral.org. Retrieved 2022-02-04.
  9. ^ "Aurora Timeline". 1904 – Four million pounds of cheese was shipped from factories in Aurora, a single-year record for the nation at that time.
  10. ^ "Aurora Timeline". 1929 – The village of Aurora was founded in the center of Aurora Township, with the first mayor being Lee Gould.
  11. ^ "Aurora Timeline". 1971 – Aurora took on city status after growing to more than 6,000 residents in the 197- U.S. Census.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2013-01-06.
  14. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved 24 April 2020.
  15. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
  16. ^ "About the district". Aurora-schools.org. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  17. ^ "Aurora High School". Usnews.com. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  18. ^ "Home". Valleychristian.com. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  19. ^ "Hours & Locations". Portage County District Library. Retrieved 3 March 2018.
  20. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  21. ^ "Paddock River Preserve | Aurora, OH - Official Website". Auroraoh.com. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  22. ^ "Six Flags History". Aurora Chamber of Commerce. Archived from the original on 16 February 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2008.
  23. ^ "Geauga Lake is no more". Theme Park Insider. Archived from the original on 14 February 2008. Retrieved 2008-02-23.

External links[edit]