|Time zone||South African Standard Time (UTC+1)|
Aussenkehr (German: Outer bend, referring to the flow of the Orange at this location) is a farm on the banks of the Orange River in the south of Namibia hard on the border with South Africa. Aussenkehr falls within the Karasburg Constituency of the ǁKaras Region and is situated 24 kilometres (15 mi) downstream (northwest) of Noordoewer. Aussenkehr was established as a farm in 1910 when an Imperial German investment corporation acquired the land and started several irrigation projects. Over time, Aussenkehr has evolved into a large settlement accommodating workers employed nearby. Estimations of how many people live here vary between 7,000 and almost 30,000.
The settlement features a government clinic and a primary school. It is planned to develop Aussenkehr into a town. 6,000 erven have been surveyed and water and sewerage systems have been built but the construction of houses on the delineated plots has not yet started. Many residents have no access to safe drinking water and sanitation and use the river both as water supply and a toilet. Living conditions in the settlement have been described as "appalling".
Yugoslav Dusan Vasiljevic bought the farm Aussenkehr in 1988 to develop grape production, after a previous, similar project had failed. There is less than 50 millimetres (2.0 in) average annual rainfall but the farm includes 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) of riverfront and has a government-approved quota to draw water for irrigation from the Orange River. The Norotshama River Resort is located on the farm as a tourism venture.
The extreme climatic conditions—summer temperatures can reach 50 °C (122 °F) in the river valley—provide the area with an advantage over other grape producers, as Aussenkehr's table grapes can be harvested three to five weeks earlier than elsewhere. The farm produced 1,000 tonnes (1,100 short tons) of grapes in 1991 on 150 hectares (370 acres) of irrigated land. In 2003, production increased to 12,000 tonnes (13,000 short tons). Currently[update] there are 2,000 hectares (4,900 acres) under irrigation for the purpose of grape production.
- "Welcome to Aussenkehr". southernnamibia.com. Archived from the original on 6 August 2011. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
- Ulrike Lindner (2011): Koloniale Begegnungen: Deutschland und Grossbritannien als Imperialmächte in Afrika 1880-1914. [Colonial Encounters: Germany and Great Britain as Imperial Powers in Africa, 1880–1914] Campus, ISBN 978-3-593-39485-5
- Cloete, Luqman (25 October 2011). "Lack of housing angers Aussenkehr residents". The Namibian. Archived from the original on 2012-06-06.
- Rademeyer, Ronelle (24 October 2011). "Aussenkehr eis antwoord oor N$100 miljoen" [Aussenkehr requests answer on 100 million N$]. Die Republikein (in Afrikaans).
- Sasman, Catherine (10 November 2010). "Karas profile". New Era.
- Cloete, Luqman (19 January 2011). "Aussenkehr residents use river for drinking water and as toilet". The Namibian.
- Hoffmann, Jürgen. "Greening the Namibian Desert: An African Success Story". South African Institute of International Affairs. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
- "Introduction To Norotshama River Resort". Norotshama River Resort. Archived from the original on 22 October 2011. Retrieved 29 October 2011.
- Media related to Aussenkehr at Wikimedia Commons