Ausserfern Railway

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Ausserfern Railway
Baureihe 425 Bahnhof Bichlbach-Berwang HQ.jpg
A Class 425 multiple unit in Bichlbach-Berwang station.
Overview
Other name(s) Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Kempten Railway
Native name Außerfernbahn
Status Operational
Locale Bavaria in Germany
Tyrol in Austria
Termini Garmisch-Partenkirchen
Kempten
Stations 31
Line number 5452 (Garmisch-Partenkirchen–border)
352 01 (border–Reutte–border)
5403 (border–Kempten)
Operation
Opened Stages between 1895-1913
Owner Deutsche Bahn
Austrian Federal Railways
Operator(s) DB Regio
Technical
Line length 93.9 km (58.3 mi)
Number of tracks Single track
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification 15 kV/16.7 Hz AC Overhead line
(Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Reutte)
Operating speed 70 km/h (43 mph)
Maximum incline 3.75 %
Route number 973 (Western part), 965 (Eastern part) (DB)
410 (ÖBB)
Route map

Außerfernbahn.png

from Munich
0.000 Garmisch-Partenkirchen 708 m above sea level (NN)
Mittenwald Railway to Innsbruck
1.242 Garmisch-Partenkirchen Hausberg
former Hausbergbahn
2.100 Rießersee
3.100 Bavarian Zugspitze Railway
3.400 Kreuzeck Railway
4.700 Obergrainau
5.458 Untergrainau 740 m above NN
13.266 Griesen (Oberbay) 821 m above NN
14.846
30.445
GermanAustrian state border
29.200 Schober(closed on 29 May 1960)
27.600 Schanz turnout
25.900 Schanz(closed on 26 September 1971)
23.300 Ehrwald Zugspitze Cable Car 974 m (AA)
20.400 Lermoos 1,004 m (AA)
19.000 Lermoos Tunnel (105,6 m)
16.400 Lähn 1,106 m (AA)
13.100 Bichlbach-Berwang 1,072 m (AA)
11.600 Bichlbach-Almkopf Railway
8.800 Heiterwang-Plansee 1,012 m (AA)
6.900 Thanellerkar(closed on 7 November 1966)
5.000 Katzenberg Tunnel (512,5 m)
3.600 Bad Kreckelmoos 938 m (AA)
0.500 Reutte in Tyrol Schulzentrum
0.000
14.390
Reutte in Tyrol 850 m (AA)
12.000 Pflach 840 m (AA)
7.600 Musau 822 m (AA)
6.400 Ulrichsbrücke-Füssen 814 m (AA)
3.900 Vils 817 m (AA)
0.500 Schönbichl 831 m (AA)
0.000
34.300
Austro–German state border
33.000 Pfronten-Steinach 841 m above sea level (NN)
30.700 Pfronten-Ried 858 m above NN
29.300 Pfronten-Weißbach 874 m above NN
27.000 Pfronten-Kappel
23.900 Nesselwang 864 m above NN
21.600 Maria Rain
19.800 Wertach-Haslach 891 m above NN
17.600 Oy-Mittelberg
13.600 Zollhaus-Petersthal 909 m above NN
12.000 Bodelsberg
8.400 Jodbad Sulzbrunn(station until 2008) 818 m above NN
6.900 Sulzberg
3.900 Durach
1.800 St Mang(formerly Kottern-Neudorf)
BSicon exSTRrg.svgBSicon eABZrf.svgBSicon .svg to the former Kempten Hauptbahnhof (to 1969)
Iller Valley Railway from Memmingen and
Allgäu Railway from Kaufbeuren (since 1969)
BSicon exABZlg.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon .svg Iller Valley Railway / Allgäu Railway (until 1969)
Iller
BSicon exABZrg.svgBSicon eKRZo.svgBSicon exSTRlg.svg old trackbed (to 1969)
0.400 Kempten (Allg) Hbf(since 1969) 705 m above NN
BSicon exKBHFe.svgBSicon STR.svgBSicon exSTR.svg 0.000 Kempten (Allg) Hbf (until 1969)
BSicon exSTRq.svgBSicon eABZrf.svgBSicon exSTR.svg to Isny
BSicon .svgBSicon eABZrg.svgBSicon exSTRrf.svg from the old Kempten Hbf (to 1969)
Allgäu Railway to Lindau

The Ausserfern Railway (German: Außerfernbahn) is a cross-border railway line in the German state of Bavaria and the Austrian state of Tyrol. The single-tracked branch line starts from Kempten in Germany, before crossing into Austria just after passing through Pfronten. It then transits the Außerfern area around Reutte, before passing back into Germany in order to terminate at Garmisch-Partenkirchen.

The line provides the only rail access to Reutte and the Außerfern, albeit one that requires any journey to or from the rest of Austria to pass through German territory. The line connects with the Mittenwald Railway and the Munich–Garmisch-Partenkirchen railway at Garmisch-Partenkirchen, with the former providing a link to the Tyrolean capital of Innsbruck. It connects with the Bavarian Allgäu Railway and the Iller Valley Railway at Kempten.

The line was built in stages, between 1895 and 1913. Although the Austrian section of the line is maintained by the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB), all train services are operated by Deutsche Bahn (DB).

History[edit]

The first plans for a mainline railway (Fernbahn) from Kempten over the Fern Pass to Innsbruck surfaced in the second half of the 19th century. On 1 December 1895[1] the first section from Kempten to Pfronten-Ried was opened, followed in 1905 by its extension to Schönbichl. From Schönbichl there was a Lokalbahn branch line to Reutte. A further extension of the line was discussed. There were three variants: Reutte–Ehrwald–Gaistal–Leutasch, Reutte–Fern Pass–Imst (Fernbahn) or Reutte–Ehrwald–Garmisch. Because Garmisch already had a connexion to Munich at the time, a direct link from Munich to Innsbruck, and hence the development of the Außerfern region, suggested itself. The Mittenwald Railway from Garmisch to Innsbruck was opened in 1912 and the Garmisch–Reutte line on 29 May 1913. Both routes were electrified from the start.

Time and again there were discussions about building a line over the Fern Pass or to a junction with the line to Füssen only four kilometres away, but these plans were never realised.

At various times the closure of the line was also discussed, last time in 2001, when the catenary was in a poor condition. In 2003 DB Regio was tasked with operating passenger services through the state of Tyrol. The catenary was dismantled and operations switched to the use of diesel trains. Soon after the catenary was reinstalled. Today (2010) the line is worked hourly by electric multiples.

Operations[edit]

Route[edit]

simplified height profile of the line

The railway begins in Kempten in the rolling Alpine Foreland and crosses the border with Austria between Pfronten and Schönbichl. It continues through Reutte and the surrounding Außerfern area around Reutte before crossing back to Germany between Ehrwald and Griesen. Its longest tunnel is the 512 metre long Katzenberg Tunnel, which is also called the Klausen Tunnel (after the Ehrenberger Klause) or Kesselwang Tunnel, between Reutte and Heiterwang. Its maximum gradient is 37.5 or 3.75%.

Traffic[edit]

Trains[edit]

1987: a Class 628.0 multiple unit near Schönbichl

Today the railway is important for school, commuter and holiday traffic, but also handles a considerable amount of goods for a cement works and a wood yard in Vils. These goods trains only use the section from Vils to Garmisch however.

The section between Kempten and Reutte is mainly worked by diesel multiple units of classes 628 and 642; between Reutte and Garmisch electric multiple units of classes 425 and 426 are employed. The operators for the entire route are Deutsche Bahn (DB) (on the Tyrolean section BahnCards, Werdenfelstickets, Bayerntickets and Schönes-Wochenende-Tickets are valid[2]), the maintenance of the infrastructure is the responsibility of the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB).

Tourism[edit]

Reutte station in the Tyrol

The stops on the Ausserfern Railway between Garmisch-Partenkirchen and Reutte in Tyrol (Griesen, Ehrwald, Lermoos, Lähn, Bichlbach-Berwang, Heiterwang-Plansee, Pflach) are start points for mountain tours in the Ammergau Alps (Friederspitz and Frieder, Schellschlicht, Daniel, Hochschrutte, Plattberg, Säuling), in the Mieming Chain (Ehrwalder Sonnenspitze) and in the Lechtal Alps (Thaneller, Roter Stein, Pleisspitze).

On 28 January 2007 the Hausbergbahn halt at the valley station of the Hausberg Gondola Lift, which serves a ski area, was opened again on a seasonal basis for winter sport tourists. In the first quarter of 2007 and in the winter of 2007/2008 only special winter sport trains from Munich via Garmisch-Partenkirchen to the Hausbergbahn stopped at weekends. From 14 December 2008 to the end of the ski season at Hausberg on 19 April 2009 all passenger trains on the Ausserfern Railway called at the station, which is why the halt in Griesen was dropped.[3]

Sources[edit]

  • Siegfried Bufe: Außerfernbahn. Kempten, Reutte, Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Bufe-Fachbuch-Verlag, Egglham 2001, ISBN 3-922138-75-6.
  • Wolfgang Krutiak: Mittenwaldbahn. Innsbruck – Garmisch-Partenkirchen. Geschichte, Technik und Landeskunde der Mittenwald- und Außerfernbahn Innsbruck – Garmisch-Partenkirchen – Reutte. 1 Übersichtskarte. Slezak, Vienna 1976, ISBN 3-900134-30-8.
  • Günter Denoth (Red.), Helmuth Petrovitsch: … über den Fern. Die Mittenwaldbahn Innsbruck – Garmisch – Reutte, aufgelegt anlässlich "90 Jahre Ausserfernbahn" 14 September 2003. Specialist railway publications, Vol. 1. Eigenverlag Eisenbahnarchiv Tyrol, Neugötzens 2003. [4]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°29′35″N 10°43′17″E / 47.49306°N 10.72139°E / 47.49306; 10.72139