Austin-Healey 3000

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Austin-Healey 3000
Austin-Healey 3000 at 2010 Ottawa British Auto Show.jpg
Austin Healey 3000 sports convertible
Overview
Manufacturer Austin-Healey (BMC)
Production 1959–1967
Assembly Abingdon, England
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style 2-door 2 or 2+2 seater roadster then convertible
Layout FR layout
Powertrain
Engine 2,912 cc (2.9 L) C-Series I6
Dimensions
Wheelbase
  • 92 in (2,337 mm)[1]
  • Track 49 in (1,245 mm) (front)[1]
Length 157 in (3,988 mm)[1]
Width 60 in (1,524 mm)[1]
Height 46 in (1,168 mm) (Hood down)
49.5 in (1,257 mm) (hard top)[1]
Kerb weight 2,550 lb (1,157 kg)
Chronology
Predecessor Austin-Healey 100-6
Successor MG MGC

The Austin-Healey 3000 is a British sports car built from 1959 to 1967. It is the best known of the "big Healey" models. The car's bodywork was made by Jensen Motors and the vehicles were assembled at BMC's Abingdon works, alongside the corporation's MG models.

During its production life, the car transitioned from an open sports car, albeit with a child-transporting 2+2 option, to a sports convertible.

In 1963, 91.5 per cent of all Austin-Healey 3000 cars were exported; mostly to North America.

The 3-litre 3000 was a highly successful car, which won its class in many European rallies in its heyday and is still raced in classic car competitions by enthusiasts today.

British Leyland ended manufacture in 1967, intending its place to be filled by a car with essentially the same engine in a more recently designed monocoque MGB body named MGC.

History[edit]

BN7, BT7 roadsters[edit]

Mark I[edit]

1959 Mark I BN7 open two-seater
1960 Mark I BT7 open 2+2

The Austin-Healey 3000 was announced on 1 July 1959 with a 3-litre BMC C-Series engine to replace the smaller 2.6-litre engine of the 100-6 and disc brakes for its front wheels. The manufacturers claimed it would reach 60 mph in 11 seconds and 100 mph in 31 seconds.[2]

Other changes were minor compared to those between the original 100 and the 100-6. The wheelbase and body were unchanged as were the body-styles, a 2+2 or BT7 and a two-seater BN7.

Weather protection remained minimal, a folding plastic roof on a light demountable frame and above the doors detachable side screens holding sliding perspex panels. Wire wheels, overdrive gearbox, laminated windscreen, heater, adjustable steering column, detachable hard top for the 2+2, and two-tone paint were available as options.

13,650 Mark Is were made: 2,825 BN7 open two-seaters, and 10,825 BT7 2+2s[3]

Road test[edit]

2+2
A BT7 3000 with hardtop and overdrive tested by The Motor magazine in 1960 had a top speed of 115 mph (185 km/h) and could accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 11.7 seconds. A fuel consumption of 21.6 miles per imperial gallon (13.1 L/100 km; 18.0 mpg‑US) was recorded. The test car cost £1326 including taxes.[1]

BN7, BT7 roadsters[edit]

Mark II[edit]

1962 Mark II BT7 open 2+2 showing sidescreens and fitted with optional wire wheels and hardtop

Engines fitted with three SU HS4 carburettors and an improved camshaft were announced at the end of May 1961.[4] Other changes included a vertical barred front grille. Optional extras were similar to the Mark I. From August 1961 a brake servo was also available as an optional extra, which greatly improved braking performance.

Road test[edit]

A 3000 Mark II BT7 (699DON) with hardtop and overdrive tested by the British magazine The Motor in 1961 had a top speed of 112.9 mph (181.7 km/h) and could accelerate from 0–60 mph (97 km/h) in 10.9 seconds. A fuel consumption of 23.5 miles per imperial gallon (12.0 L/100 km; 19.6 mpg‑US) was recorded. The test car cost £1362 including taxes.[5]

Last true roadsters[edit]

The BN7 Mark II was discontinued in March 1962, and the BT7 Mark II in June 1962

BJ7 sports convertible[edit]

Mark II[edit]

1962 Mark II BJ7 sports convertible

The 3000 sports convertible Mark II was launched at the end of August 1962. It was a true convertible with almost saloon car comfort, a new wrap-around windscreen, wind-up side windows, swivelling quarter lights and a quick-action folding roof. Twin SU HS6 carburettors replaced the triple SUs. Austin-Healey claimed it could exceed 115 mph.[6]

91.5 per cent of all 1963 Austin Healey 3000 cars were exported mostly to North America.[7]

11,564 Mark IIs were made: 355 BN7 open two-seaters, 5,096 BT7 2+2s, and 6,113 BJ7 2+2 sports convertibles[3]

BJ8 sports convertible[edit]

Mark III[edit]

1966 Mark III BJ8 sports convertible (North America)

The 3000 sports convertible Mark III was announced in February 1964 its power increased from 136 bhp to 150 bhp by a new higher lift camshaft. SU HD8 carburettors replaced HS6 units increasing the choke size from 1.75 to 2 inches. Power-assisted braking became standard instead of optional. The new car's fascia displayed its speedometer and tachometer directly in front of the driver. Upholstery was now in Ambla vinyl[7]

The Mark III BJ8 remained in production until the end of 1967 when manufacture of Austin-Healeys ceased. Only one further car was built in March 1968.[citation needed]

In May 1964 the Phase II version of the Mark III was released, which gained ground clearance through a modified rear chassis. In March 1965 the car received separate indicator lights.

17,712 Mark IIIs were manufactured.[3]
Sidescreens

Pininfarina grand tourer[edit]

Pininfarina exhibited the 3000 as a closed roof grand tourer at the October 1962 Earls Court Show. It was the winning design from a competition by Swiss motoring publication Auto-Jahr.[8]

In racing[edit]

Austin Healey 3000's have a long competition history, and raced at most major racing circuits around the world, including Sebring (USA), Le Mans (France), and Mount Panorama Circuit, Bathurst (Australia). The BMC competitions department rallied the 3000 from its introduction, but the development of the works cars effectively ended in 1965, mainly because of the success of the Mini Cooper 'S'.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "The Austin Healey 3000". The Motor. 13 July 1960. 
  2. ^ "A More Powerful Austin Healey". The Times (54501). 1 July 1959. p. 9. 
  3. ^ a b c Clausinger, Anders Ditlev (1990). Original Austin-Healey – The Restorers Guide to 100, 100-Six and 3000. UK: Bay View Books. ISBN 1-870979-13-3. 
  4. ^ "More Powerful Austin Healey". The Times (55093). 29 May 1961. p. 7. 
  5. ^ "The Austin Healey 3000 Mark II". The Motor. 26 July 1961. 
  6. ^ "Saloon Comfort In Sports Car". The Times (55480). 27 August 1962. p. 5. 
  7. ^ a b "Greater Power For Austin Healey". The Times (55947). 28 February 1964. p. 5. 
  8. ^ Björklund, Bengt, ed. (November 1962). "Sportnytt på Earls Court" [Sporting News From Earls Court]. Illustrerad Motor Sport (in Swedish). No. 11. Lerum, Sweden. p. 8. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Bonds, Ray (2003). The Illustrated Directory of Sports Cars. Motorbooks. ISBN 0-7603-1420-9. 
  • Holmes, Mark (2007). Ultimate Convertibles: Roofless Beauty. London: Kandour. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-1-905741-62-5. 

External links[edit]