Austin Joseph App
Austin Joseph App
October 29, 1902
|Occupation||professor, Holocaust denier|
Austin Joseph App (1902–1984) was a German-American professor of medieval English literature who taught at the University of Scranton and La Salle University. App defended Nazi Germany during World War II. He is known for his work denying the Holocaust, and he has been called the first major American Holocaust denier.
He studied English Literature at the Catholic University of America and received the Ph.D. in 1929. He served as an instructor of English at that university from 1929 to 1935. From 1935 to 1942 he served as the head of the English Department at the University of Scranton, publishing widely in scholarly and popular journals. Among the latter, he often wrote for The Catholic Home Journal, Magnificat, Queen's Work, and The Victorian. By his own account, he was particularly devoted to the cultural value of good manners, well-developed public speaking, and chivalry.
App, who never married, was a frequent public speaker and also wrote letters to the editors of magazines and newspapers. He often complained about the United States declaration of war upon Germany (1941). App argued that, without American help, the Axis Powers would have won the war. App blamed both Jews and Communists for Germany's postwar problems. However, few of these letters were ever published.
In the 1950s, App often wrote articles for Conde McGinley's antisemitic journal Common Sense. He later founded The Boniface Press and served as an editor there. It was named after Saint Boniface, the Anglo-Saxon missionary who brought the faith to Germanic Europe.
App laid out eight "axioms", or what he described as "incontrovertible assertions", about the Holocaust in his 1973 pamphlet The Six Million Swindle:
- Emigration, not extermination, was the Nazi Germany's plan for dealing with its "Jewish problem".
- No Jews were gassed in any German concentration camps (including Auschwitz).
- Jews who disappeared during the years of World War II and have not been accounted for did so in territories under Soviet, rather than German, control.
- The majority of Jews who were killed by the Nazis were people whom the Nazis had every right to execute as subversives, spies, and criminals.
- If the Holocaust claims had any truth, Israel would have opened its archives to historians.
- All evidence to support the figure of six million dead rests upon misquotes of Nazis and Nazi documents.
- It is incumbent upon the accusers to prove the six million figure.
- Jewish historians and other scholars have great discrepancies in their calculations of the number of victims. (App 1973, 1977).
In February 1976, App published an article "The Sudeten-German Tragedy" in Reason magazine, where App criticised the post-World War II expulsion of the Sudeten Germans as "one of the worst mass atrocities in history." The article was later printed as a pamphlet.
App also published A Straight Look at the Third Reich, a defense of Nazi Germany, and The Curse of Anti-Anti-Semitism, arguing that the entire Jewish community is responsible for the death of Christ. App's work inspired the Institute for Historical Review, a Holocaust denial center in California, founded in 1978.
- Lancelot in English Literature: His Role and Character, doctoral dissertation, Catholic University of America, 1929.
- Edwin Arlington Robinson’s Arthurian Poems, in: Thought 10.3 (1935), p.468-479.
- Ravishing the Women of Conquered Europe. Pamphlet, 1948.
- The Way to Creative Writing. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishers, 1954.
- Making the Later Years Count. For a healthy, well-provided, blessed Old Age. Milwaukee: Bruce Publishers, 1960.
- The Rooseveltian concentration camps for Japanese-Americans, 1942-46. Philadelphia: Boniface Press, 1967.
- A straight look at the Third Reich: Hitler and National Socialism, how right? how wrong? Takoma Park, Maryland: Boniface Press, 1974.
- The Six Million Swindle: Blackmailing the German People for Hard Marks with Fabricated Corpses. Takoma Park, Maryland: Boniface Press, 1973. Second edition printed in 1976.
- German-American Voice for Truth and Justice: Autobiography. Takoma Park, Maryland: Boniface Press, 1977.
- The Sudeten-German Tragedy. Takoma Park, Maryland: Boniface Press, 1979-. Several volumes.
- Atkins, Stephen E. (2009). Austin J. App and Holocaust Denial. Holocaust denial as an international movement. Westport, Conn.: Praeger. pp. 153–55. ISBN 978-0-313-34539-5.
- Diana R. Grant (2003). Phyllis Gertenfield (ed.). Crimes of Hate: Selected Readings. Sage. p. 190. ISBN 978-0761929437.
- Knight, Peter (2003). Conspiracy Theories in American History: An Encyclopedia, Volume 1. ABC-CLIO. p. 322. ISBN 978-1576078129.
- Lucey, William L. “Catholic Magazines: 1894-1900.” Records of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia, 63.4 (1952), pp. 197–223. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/44210489. Accessed 27 Oct. 2020.
- Autobiographical Speech held by App.
- See chapter 5 in Deborah E. Lipstadt: Denying the Holocaust: The Growing Assault on Truth and Memory, 2012.
- App, Austin J (February 1976). "The Sudeten-German Tragedy". Reason: 28–33.
- Autobiographical Speech held by App, accessed 27 Oct 2020.