Austin Currie

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Austin Currie
Austin Currie 2014 (cropped).jpg
Currie in 2014
Minister of State for Justice with responsibility for Children's Rights
1994–1997Education
Health
Justice
Teachta Dála
In office
June 1989 – May 2002
ConstituencyDublin West
Member of the Parliament of Northern Ireland
for East Tyrone
In office
30 May 1964 – 30 March 1972
Preceded byJoseph Francis Stewart
Succeeded byParliament suspended
Personal details
Born
Joseph Austin Currie

(1939-10-11)11 October 1939
Dungannon, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland
Died9 November 2021(2021-11-09) (aged 82)
Derrymullen, County Kildare, Ireland
NationalityIrish
Political partyFine Gael
SDLP
Spouse(s)Annita Currie (m. 1968)
ChildrenFive (including Emer Currie)[1]
ResidenceAllenwood, Kildare, Ireland
Alma materQueen's University Belfast

Joseph Austin Currie (11 October 1939 – 9 November 2021) was an Irish politician who served as a Minister of State for Justice with responsibility for Children's Rights from 1994 to 1997. He served as a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin West constituency from 1989 to 2002, representing Fine Gael, and as a Member of the Parliament of Northern Ireland (MP) for East Tyrone from 1964 to 1972, representing the Nationalist Party and later the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP).

Early life[edit]

Born in Coalisland, Co Tyrone on 11 October 1939, Austin was the eldest of 11 children[2] born to Mary (nee O’Donnell) and John Currie. He was educated at the renowned St Patrick’s academy, Dungannon, and graduated in politics and history from Queen’s University Belfast. [3] On 20 June 1968, he squatted at a Kinnard Park house given to a Unionist secretary during a housing protest in Caledon.[4] All 14 houses in the new council development had been allocated to Protestants.[5] Then a sitting MP in the home rule Parliament of Northern Ireland, Currie's protest was unanimously approved by the Nationalist Party the next day.[6] This was one of the catalysts of the civil rights movement in Northern Ireland.[5]

Political career[edit]

Currie became an active member in the Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association. He would later speak about the effect of partition on Catholics in Northern Ireland: "Partition was used to try to cut us off from the rest of the Irish nation. Unionists did their best to stamp out our nationalism and, the educational system, to the extent it could organise it, was oriented to Britain and we were not even allowed to use names such as Séamus or Seán. When my brothers' godparents went to register their birth, they were told no such names as Séamus or Seán existed in Northern Ireland and were asked for the English equivalent."[7]

In 1964 he was elected in a by-election as a Nationalist MP for East Tyrone in the 10th House of Commons of the home rule Parliament of Northern Ireland, following the death of the sitting Nationalist MP, Joe Stewart. He retained he seat in both the general election to the 11th House of Commons in November 1965 and the 12th House of Commons in February 1969. This was the last election to the home rule Parliament at Stormort, before it was suspended by the UK Government in March 1972, and formal abolished in July 1973.

In 1970, he was a founder of the group that established the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP). From 1973 to 1974, Currie was elected as an SDLP member of the short-lived devolved Northern Ireland Assembly. In 1974 he became chief whip of the SDLP, and in the same year became Minister for Housing, Local Government and Planning in the power-sharing Northern Ireland Executive. The Assembly and Executive collapsed on 28 May 1974, after opposition from within the UUP and the Ulster Workers' Council strike. This led to the imposition of direct rule of Northern Ireland from London.

He contested the 1979 United Kingdom general election and 1986 by-election in the Fermanagh and South Tyrone seat, but was unsuccessful on both attempts. Currie also was elected to the Northern Ireland Assembly in 1982 for the same seat. That Assembly, which was an attempt by the UK Government to reintroduce devolved power-sharing, collapsed in 1986 without executive ministerial functions ever being transferred to it from the UK Secretary of State for Northern Ireland as no political agreement could be reached on power-sharing between the parties owing to nationalists abstentionism over the constituency boundaries used to elect members, and unionist opposition to the 1985 Anglo Irish Agreement.

Following his decision to quit Northern Ireland politics, and relocate his family to Co Kildare, Currie became actively involved in politics in the Republic. Partly due to his long-standing doubts about the commitment of politicians in the Republic to the plight of northern nationalists, he joined the Fine Gael party in 1989.[8] He was elected as a Fine Gael TD for Dublin West at the Irish general election of June 1989.

In 1990 Fine Gael selected Currie as their candidate for the 1990 Irish presidential election, running against then Tánaiste and Fianna Fáil TD, Brian Lenihan Sr, and then Senator Mary Robinson for the Labour Party. The 1990 election was the first contested election for the Irish Presidency in 17 years, and the first time ever more than two candidates had been nominated to contested a presidential election. Under the PR-STV system, Currie received 267,902 first preference votes (approximately 17%) and was eliminated on the first count. However, distribution of his transfer votes saw Mary Robinson elected as Ireland's first female president on the second count, beating Lenihan by more that 86,000 votes.

In his 2004 autobiography All Hell will Break Loose, he wrote about his experience of running in the presidential election, and the prejudice he faced as a nationalist from Ulster in southern politics: “What annoyed, indeed angered me most was the suggestion that because I came from the North, I was not a real Irishman . . . what I called the partitionist mentality . . .[during the election campaign] the [then Fianna Fáil] Minister for Justice [Ray Burke] said Fine Gael leader Alan Dukes ‘had to go to Tyrone to find a candidate for the presidency’ . . . it was hard to take, particularly from so-called republicans”.[9]

Following his defeat in the presidential election, Austin Currie held his Dáil seat in Dublin West at the 1992 and 1997 general elections.[10][11] Following the formation of the so-called Rainbow Coalition between Fine Gael, Labour and Democratic Left, on 20 December 1994 newly appointed Taoiseach John Bruton appointed Currie as a Minister of State with Responsibility for Children's Rights[12] at the Departments of Health, Education and Justice, [13][14][15] becoming the first ever minister in an Irish Government with dedicated responsibility for children. He held this post until the appointment of a new Irish Government on 26 June 1997 following the 1997 Irish General Election.

At the 2002 general election Currie contested the new constituency of Dublin Mid-West, and failed to be elected. He immediately announced his retirement from electoral politics. He continued to speak and campaign for civil rights across the island of Ireland and for causes he believed in, such as justice for the families of the Disappeared during the Troubles. Currie and his wife and family were personal friends of the family of one if the disappeared, Columba McVeigh, from Donaghmore Co Tyrone.

Personal life[edit]

Austin Currie met his wife Anita in 1961 while he was studying Modern History and Politics at Queens University Belfast, where she was also a student.[16] They were married in January 1968 and had five children,[17] Estelle, Caitríona, Dualta, Austin Óg and Senator Emer Currie, who is a Members of the 26th Seanad.[18]

In the 1960s and 1970s, he and his family were the repeated targets of loyalist paramilitary attacks on their home in Co Tyrone. In November 1972, his wife Anita suffered a brutal attack when two armed and masked men burst into her home looking to attack her husband, who happened to be away at a political speaking engagement in Co Cork that evening.[19] Speaking about it in a TV interview two days later, Anita Currie spoke of how she was punched, cut with a blade, and kicked unconscious while lying on the floor, while her two young daughters looked on helplessly.[20] As a result of these risks, and his growing disillusionment with the political direction the SDLP was taking, Currie quit Northern Ireland politics and relocated his family to the Republic of Ireland.

Austin Currie resided in County Kildare. He occasionally lectured and gave talks on issues relating to The Troubles, [21] and for causes he believed in, such as justice for the families of the Disappeared during the Troubles. Currie and his wife and family were personal friends of the family of one if the disappeared, Columba McVeigh, from Donaghmore Co Tyrone.

Following the deaths of Seamus Mallon and John Hume in January and August 2020 respectively, Austin Currie became the last surviving founder of the SDLP.

Austin Currie died on 9 November 2021 at the age of 82 at his residence in Derrymullen Co Kildare.[22][23][24] Following an initial funeral mass in Allentown Co Kildare, his remains were transferred to his original family home in Edendork, near Dungannon Co Tyrone, where a second funeral mass was celebrated at St. Malachy's Church, Edendork. He is buried alongside his parents in the cemetery adjoining the church. [25]

Writing[edit]

  • Currie, Austin (2004). All Hell Will Break Loose. Dublin: O'Brien Press.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'We intend on being prepared for election' - daughter of former Fine Gael minister selected as Varadkar's running mate". independent.ie. The Independent. Archived from the original on 29 June 2020. Retrieved 28 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Tributes paid to 'founding father' of civil rights movement Austin Currie". belfasttelegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  3. ^ "Austin Currie obituary". the Guardian. 10 November 2021. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  4. ^ Clarke, Liam (21 December 2015). "Lord Kilclooney: 'I'm impressed by Martin McGuinnness' development'". Belfast Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 June 2019. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  5. ^ a b Dwyer, T. Ryle (4 October 2008). "The spark that lit the Troubles is still smouldering in the embers". Irish Examiner. Archived from the original on 15 September 2016. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  6. ^ "A Chronology of the Conflict – 1968". Conflict Archive on the Internet (CAIN). Archived from the original on 6 August 2011. Retrieved 11 July 2009.
  7. ^ "British-Irish Agreement Bill, 1999: Second Stage (Resumed)". Houses of the Oireachtas. 9 March 1999. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.
  8. ^ Ferriter, Diarmaid. "Diarmaid Ferriter: Currie always doubted South's commitment to the North". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  9. ^ Ferriter, Diarmaid. "Diarmaid Ferriter: Currie always doubted South's commitment to the North". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  10. ^ "Austin Currie". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  11. ^ "Austin Currie". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  12. ^ O'connor, Alison. "Currie pledges to fight paedophilia". The Irish Times. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  13. ^ "Appointment of Members of Government and Ministers of State – Dáil Éireann (27th Dáil)". Houses of the Oireachtas. 25 January 1995. Retrieved 13 January 2020.
  14. ^ Justice (Delegation of Ministerial Functions) Order 1995 (S.I. No. 13). 20 January 1995. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Retrieved 10 November 2021, Irish Statute Book.
  15. ^ Health (Delegation of Ministerial Functions) Order 1995 (S.I. No. 130). 18 January 1995. Statutory Instrument of the Government of Ireland. Retrieved 10 November 2021, Irish Statute Book.
  16. ^ "Requiem Mass for Austin Currie Live Webcam Stream | iTech Media Live Streaming". churchmedia.tv. Retrieved 19 November 2021.
  17. ^ "Death Notice of Joseph Austin Currie". rip.ie. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  18. ^ Oireachtas, Houses of the (4 November 2021). "Emer Currie – Houses of the Oireachtas". www.oireachtas.ie. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  19. ^ "Anita Currie wife of Austin Currie SDLP MP attacked | Images4media". www.images4media.com. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  20. ^ SYND 17-11-72 INTERVIEW WITH MRS ANITA CURRIE WHO WAS ATTACKED BY TWO ARMED TERRORISTS, retrieved 12 November 2021
  21. ^ Ross, Shane (23 November 2008). "Where are they now: Austin Currie". Irish Independent. Archived from the original on 23 March 2014. Retrieved 22 March 2014.
  22. ^ Burke, Céimin. "Austin Currie, civil rights activist and politician on both sides of the border, dies aged 82". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  23. ^ "NI civil rights leader Austin Currie dies". BBC News. 9 November 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  24. ^ "SDLP co-founder and NI civil rights leader Austin Currie dies aged 82". The Guardian. 9 November 2021. Retrieved 10 November 2021.
  25. ^ "Death Notice of Joseph Austin Currie". rip.ie. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
Parliament of Northern Ireland
Preceded by Member of Parliament for East Tyrone
1964–1973
Parliament abolished
Northern Ireland Assembly (1973)
New assembly Assembly Member for Fermanagh & South Tyrone
1973–1974
Assembly abolished
Northern Ireland Constitutional Convention
New convention Member for Fermanagh & South Tyrone
1975–1976
Convention dissolved
Northern Ireland Assembly (1982)
New assembly MPA for Fermanagh and South Tyrone
1982–1986
Assembly abolished