Austin Flint (1836–1915)
Austin Flint (March 28, 1836 – September 21, 1915) was an American physician, born at Northampton, Massachusetts, son of Austin Flint. He attended medical lectures at the University of Louisville from 1854 to 1856 and in 1856 and 1857 at Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia. From 1857 to 1859 he was editor of the Buffalo Medical Journal, surgeon of Buffalo City Hospital, and professor of physiology and microscopical anatomy in the University at Buffalo. In 1859 he removed to New York City with his father and was appointed professor of physiology in New York Medical College. He was professor of physiology in the New Orleans Medical College in 1860 and studied in Europe in 1860 and 1861. He was professor of physiology and microscopic anatomy in Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York City, from 1861 till that institution was consolidated with the medical department of New York University in 1898, when he was appointed professor of physiology in Cornell University Medical College. He was, in 1874, Surgeon-General of New York. He carried out extensive experimental investigations in human physiology and made several important discoveries. He assisted in establishing the glycogenic function of the liver; showed that one of the functions of the liver is to separate from the blood the cholesterin, which is a product of the nervous system. and which, becoming a constituent of the bile, is afterward converted into what he named "stercorin" (better known as coprosterol), the odorous principle of feces. His principal works are:
- Experimental Researches into a New Excretory Function of the Liver (1862)
- The Physiology of Man (fourth edition, 1888)
- Chemical Examinations of Urine in Diseases (six editions, 1870–1884)
- Effects of Severe and Protracted Muscular Exercises (1871)
- Source of Muscular Power (1878)
- Text-Book of Human Physiology (1875)
- Experiments Regarding a New Function of the Liver, Separating the Cholesterin of the Blood and Eliminating it as Stercorin (1862)
- The Physiology of the Nervous System (1872)
- Mechanism of Reflex Nervous Action in Normal Respiration (1874)
- The Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus (1884)
- Chemical Examination of the Urine in Disease (1893)
- Stercorin and Cholesterœmia (1897)
- Handbook of Physiology (1905)
Flint was president of the New York State Medical Association, 1895; member of the executive committee of the New York Prison Association, 1890; president of the Medical Association of the Greater City of New York, 1899, and was decorated with the order of Bolivar (third class) of Venezuela in 1891. He was a member of the following scientific organizations: The American Medical Association; the New York County Medical Association; the American Academy of Medicine (honorary) ; Association of Military Surgeons of the United States; American Association for the Advancement of Science; the Academy of Science, and the American Medico-Psychological Association, of which he became a member in 1899. He was also a member of the Century Association of New York.
Flint was married at Ballston, New York, on December 23, 1862, to Elizabeth B. McMaster. They had four children, one of whom, also named Austin Flint, Jr., was the fifth in direct line of physicians in the Flint family.
- Flint's arcade—an arteriovenous arch at the base of the renal pyramids.
- Dorland's Medical Dictionary (1938)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Hurd, Henry Mills, 1843–1927, ed; Drewry, William Francis, 1860–; Dewey, Richard Smith, 1845–1933.; Pilgrim, Charles Winfield, 1855–; Blumer, G. Alder (George Alder), 1857–1940; Burgess, Thomas Joseph Workman, 1849–. The institutional care of the insane in the United States and Canada (1917).
- Hurd, Henry Mills et al. The institutional care of the insane in the United States and Canada (1917) 4.