Austin Flint I
Austin Flint I
Austin Flint I
|Born||20 October 1812|
|Died||13 March 1886 (aged 73)|
|Known for||Heart disease|
|Children||Austin Flint II|
|Parent(s)||Joseph Henshaw Flint (1786-1846)|
Hannah Willard Reed (1787-1821)
Austin Flint I (October 20, 1812 – March 13, 1886) was an American physician. He was a founder of Buffalo Medical College, precursor to The State University of New York at Buffalo. He served as president of the American Medical Association.
After practicing at Boston, Massachusetts and Northampton, Massachusetts, he moved to Buffalo, New York, in 1836. He was appointed professor of the institutes and practices of medicine in Rush Medical College in Chicago, Illinois; resigned after one year, in 1846, and established the Buffalo Medical Journal. With Doctors White and Frank Hastings Hamilton he founded the Buffalo Medical College in 1847, where he was professor of the principles and practice of medicine for six years. He was afterward professor of the theory and practice of medicine in the University of Louisville, Ky., from 1852 to 1856. He was then called to the chair of pathology and clinical medicine at Buffalo. From 1858 to 1861 he was professor of clinical medicine in the School of Medicine at New Orleans. In 1859 he removed to New York and in 1861 was appointed visiting physician to Bellevue Hospital; from 1861 to his death, in 1886, he was professor of the principles and practice of medicine in Bellevue Hospital Medical College (consolidated with the medical department of New York University in 1898), and from 1861 to 1868 he was professor of pathology and practical medicine in Long Island College Hospital.
He died on March 13, 1886 in Manhattan, New York City. His funeral was held at Christ Church United Methodist at the corner of Fifth-avenue and Thirty-fifth-street in Manhattan. His body was on display at his home 418 Fifth-avenue.
His published works include:
- The reciprocal duties and obligations of the medical profession and the public. (1844)
- Clinical reports on continued fever based on analyses of one hundred and sixty-four cases. (1852)
- Clinical report on chronic pleurisy: based on an analysis of forty-seven cases. (1853)
- On variations of pitch in percussion and respiratory sounds, and their application to physical diagnosis. (1852)
- Clinical report on dysentery: based on an analysis of forty-nine cases with remarks on the causation, pathology and management of the disease. (1853)
- Clinical Reports on Continued Fever Based on Analyses of One Hundred and Sixty-Four Cases. (1855)
- Physical Exploration in the Diagnosis of Diseases of the Respiratory Organs. (1856; revised second edition, 1868)
- Diseases of the Heart (1859; second edition, 1870)
- Experimental researches into a new excretory function of the liver. (1862)
- Principles and Practice of Medicine (1866; revised fifth edition, 1884)
- Medical Essays on Conservative Medicine and Kindred Topics (1874)
- Clinical Medicine (1879)
- On Phthisis (1883)
- Manual of Auscultation and Percussion (revised third edition, 1883)
- Medicine of the future (1886)
- Flint's murmur a loud presystolic murmur at the apex in aortic regurgitation. From Dorland's Medical Dictionary (1938)
- Carpenter, Life of Austin Flint (New York, 1886)
- Winkelstein, Warren (March 2007). "Austin Flint, clinician turned epidemiologist". Epidemiology. 18 (2): 279. doi:10.1097/01.ede.0000255222.91693.62. PMID 17301709.
- Leslie, Bruce R (2002). "Austin Flint in New Orleans and the origins of evidence-based medicine". The Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society. 154 (3): 144–8. PMID 12139360.
- Cohen, S G (1997). "Asthma among the famous. Austin Flint (1812–1886) American physician". Allergy and Asthma Proceedings. 18 (3): 187–90. PMID 9194947.
- Mehta, N J; Mehta R N; Khan I A (2000). "Austin Flint: Clinician, Teacher, and Visionary". Texas Heart Institute Journal. 27 (4): 386–9. PMC 101108. PMID 11198312.
- Sternbach, G; Varon J (1993). "Austin Flint: on cardiac murmurs". The Journal of Emergency Medicine. 11 (3): 313–5. doi:10.1016/0736-4679(93)90052-9. PMID 8340588.
- Fye, W B (August 1989). "Austin Flint, 1812–1886". Clinical Cardiology. 12 (8): 476–7. doi:10.1002/clc.4960120815. PMID 2670385.
- Evans, A S (1985). "Two errors in enteric epidemiology: the stories of Austin Flint and Max von Pettenkofer". Rev. Infect. Dis. 7 (3): 434–40. doi:10.1093/clinids/7.3.434. PMID 3895358.
- Chen, T S; Chen P S (October 1987). "The Austin Flints and their contribution to medicine and hepatology". Surgery, Gynecology & Obstetrics. 165 (4): 367–72. PMID 3310286.
- Kambara, H (January 1985). ""Ryumachi shinron", the first translated and published monograph on rheumatic diseases in Japan, and short biographical sketches of the author of the original book, Austin Flint (1812–1886), and of the translator, Toshio Yasugi (1847–1883) (Jpn)". Nihon Ishigaku Zasshi. 31 (1): 39–50. PMID 11622129.
- Smith, D C (April 1978). "Austin Flint and auscultation in America". Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. 33 (2): 129–49. doi:10.1093/jhmas/XXXIII.2.129. PMID 350956.
- "On cardiac murmurs by Austin Flint, the American Journal of the Medical Sciences in 1862 (volume 44)". Am. J. Med. Sci. 265 (3): 236–55. March 1973. PMID 4573729.
- SHAFTEL, N (December 1960). "Austin FLINT, Sr. (1812–1886): educator of physicians". Journal of Medical Education. 35: 1122–1135. PMID 13750573.
- EVANS, A S (1958). "Austin Flint and his contributions to medicine". Bulletin of the History of Medicine. 32 (3): 224–41. PMID 13546789.