Austin Reed (author)

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Austin Reed (1823?[1]–?) is the author (as Rob Reed) of The Life and Adventures of a Haunted Convict, reportedly the first prison memoir by an African American.[2]

Born in Rochester,[3] New York State, Reed was apprenticed to a local farmer in 1832. After being arrested for arson against the farmer's property, he was confined from 1833 to 1839 to the New York House of Refuge, a juvenile detention facility in Manhattan, from which he escaped several times. Indentured to a farmer in Rockland County, New York, in 1839, he soon returned to Rochester, where he was convicted of larceny the following year. He went on to serve several terms in the Auburn State Prison and the Clinton State Prison. Released in 1866, he received a pardon from New York's governor, Samuel J. Tilden, in 1876.[4] Reed lived until at least 1895, according to a manuscript letter preserved in New York State records.[5]

Reed's memoir, written around 1858–59 when he was still incarcerated, was acquired by the Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library, Yale and authenticated by Yale scholar Caleb Smith, who published an edition of the manuscript in early 2016.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Orbis Holdings Information". Orbexpress.library.yale.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-12.
  2. ^ Julie Bosman, "Prison Memoir of a Black Man in the 1850s", The New York Times, December 13, 2011.
  3. ^ "Between the Covers — Rare Books", Catalog 145, African-Americana.
  4. ^ Reed, Austin (2016), The Life and the Adventures of a Haunted Convict. New Haven: Yale University Press.
  5. ^ Cummings, Michael (2013-12-12). "YaleNews | First-known prison narrative by an African-American writer discovered at Yale's Beinecke Library". News.yale.edu. Retrieved 2014-01-12.
  6. ^ Tom Overton, "The Life and the Adventures of a Haunted Convict by Austin Reed review – the first African American prison memoir" (review), The Guardian, 24 February 2016.