Australia A is a national representative rugby union football team of Australian rugby union. The last match played under the 'Australia A' name was in 2008, but the team was previously the second national side behind the Wallabies. Australia 'A' matches were used as a stepping-stone up to Wallaby selection, with the team playing at smaller venues than the Wallabies. Fringe Wallaby players were given a chance to impress selectors during these games. In the past, the team would also play touring sides, such as the British and Irish Lions, when they visited Australia.
In 2010, the ARU arranged for an Australian Barbarians team to play two matches against the visiting England national team. The Australian Barbarians side was nominated as the national second-tier team and was, as such, essentially Australia A by another name. The team also played against Canada in 2011 but has not played any international matches since then.
Australia was originally invited to take part in the IRB Pacific Nations Cup but decided against sending a team, stating a need to focus on domestic competition. However, Australia hosted two games in the inaugural 2006 tournament. Australia A played two matches against Fiji after the 2006 tournament, and then joined the competition in 2007.
In the 2008 Pacific Nations Cup, Australia A played 5 matches for 4 wins and 1 loss. The team finished second in the tournament won by New Zealand Māori. At the end of the 2008, however, the Australian Rugby Union decided to scrap the Australia A team, citing financial constraints. Australia withdrew from the 2009 tournament.