Australia at the Olympics

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Australia at the
Olympics
Flag of Australia.svg
IOC codeAUS
NOCAustralian Olympic Committee
Websitewww.olympics.com.au
Medals
Gold
152
Silver
168
Bronze
192
Total
512
Summer appearances
Winter appearances
Other related appearances
1906 Intercalated Games
 Australasia (1908–1912)
Australian Olympic Team Uniforms unveiled for Rio 2016
Australian Olympic athletes in 1932 wearing the traditional uniform of a dark green blazer trimmed with yellow, still in use at the London 2012 opening ceremony.[1]

Australia has sent athletes to almost all editions of the modern Olympic Games. Australia has competed in every Summer Olympic Games, as well as every Winter Olympics except 192432 and 1948. In 1908 and 1912 Australia competed with New Zealand under the name Australasia.

The Australian Olympic Committee was founded and recognised in 1895. Edwin Flack was the first athlete to represent Australia at the Olympics. He won gold in both the 800 metres and the 1500 metres, competed in the marathon and won a bronze medal in tennis doubles at the 1896 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece. Australia's kit is green and gold.[2][3][4]

Australia has hosted the Summer Olympic games twice: in 1956 in Melbourne and in 2000 in Sydney. Australia finished 3rd and 4th in the respective medal counts. In the Summer Olympics since 2000, Australia has placed 4th, 4th, 6th, 8th* and 10th respectively. (*Australia initially finished in 10th position in 2012, but 8th position after the redistributed gold medal to Jared Tallent). Given Australia has a population of only around 23 million people (ranked 53rd in the world[5]), this fact is frequently cited as noteworthy, and is ostensibly due to a strong sporting culture.[6] Other observers have suggested this may also be a result of the generous funding the Australian Government has invested into elite sports development with the specific intention of improving performance at the Olympic games.[7][8] Prior to Montreal, there was no government funding, however.

Many of Australia's gold medals have come in swimming, a sport which is popular in Australia, with swimmers from Dawn Fraser to Ian Thorpe ranking among the sport's all-time greats. Other sports where Australia has historically been strong include:

  • field hockey, with the women's team winning three gold medals between 1988 and 2000 and the men's team winning in 2004;
  • cycling, particularly track cycling;
  • rowing;
  • equestrian events and specifically the three-day teams eventing;
  • and sailing.

Australia takes international sporting competition, particularly the Olympics, very seriously, and provides much government funding and coaching support to elite athletes, partly through the Australian Institute of Sport. Australia has been more modestly successful in the track events at the games, particularly in modern times. Historically, Betty Cuthbert is Australia's most successful track athlete with four gold medals (three in 1956 and one in 1964).

Australia did not win a medal AT the Winter Olympics until 1994, but has moved higher on the medal tallies since then (ranking 13th at Vancouver 2010). This is a reflection on increased funding of Australia's Olympic Winter Games team[citation needed].

Hosted Games[edit]

Australia have hosted the Games on two events:

Games Host city Dates Nations Participants Events
1956 Summer Olympics Melbourne, Victoria 22 November–8 December 72 3,314 151
2000 Summer Olympics Sydney, New South Wales 15 September–1 October 199 10,651 300

Unsuccessful bids[edit]

Australia has unsuccessfully bid for the Games on three other occasions:

Games Proposed host city Awarded to
1988 Summer Olympics Melbourne, Victoria Seoul, South Korea
1992 Summer Olympics Brisbane, Queensland Barcelona, Spain
1996 Summer Olympics Melbourne, Victoria Atlanta, United States

Medal tables[edit]

*Red border color indicates tournament was held on home soil.

These totals do not include 15 medals recognised by the Australian Olympic Committee: 10 medals (3 gold, 4 silver and 3 bronze) won by Australians competing for the combined Australasia team in 1908 and 1912 (8 by individuals, 1 by an exclusively Australian team, and 1 by a combined team); 1 bronze medal won in tennis by Edwin Flack in 1896; and 4 medals (3 silver and 1 bronze) won in swimming by Francis Gailey, an Australian until recently incorrectly classed as American, in 1904. The AOC therefore recognises Australia as having won 512 medals at the Summer Olympics (150 gold, 170 silver and 192 bronze).

Most successful Olympians[edit]

Name Sport Gold Silver Bronze Total
1. Ian Thorpe Swimming 5 3 1 9
2. Dawn Fraser Swimming 4 4 0 8
3. Libby Trickett Swimming 4 1 2 7
4. Murray Rose Swimming 4 1 1 6
5. Betty Cuthbert Athletics 4 0 0 4
6. Liesel Jones Swimming 3 5 1 9
7. Petria Thomas Swimming 3 4 1 8
8. Grant Hackett Swimming 3 3 1 7
9. Shirley Strickland Athletics 3 1 3 7
10. Shane Gould Swimming 3 1 1 5
11. Drew Ginn Rowing 3 1 0 4
11. Andrew Hoy Equestrian 3 1 0 4
13. James Tomkins Rowing 3 0 1 4
14. Matthew Ryan Equestrian 3 0 0 3
14. Rechelle Hawkes Field hockey 3 0 0 3
14. Jodie Henry Swimming 3 0 0 3
14. Stephanie Rice Swimming 3 0 0 3
18. Susie O'Neill Swimming 2 4 2 8
19. Michael Klim Swimming 2 3 1 6
20. Brittany Elmslie Swimming 2 3 0 5
20. Emily Seebohm Swimming 2 3 0 5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2012 Australian uniform
  2. ^ Australian National Colours: green and gold Retrieved 23 August 2012
  3. ^ Golden Wattle Retrieved 23 August 2012
  4. ^ Our national symbols Retrieved 23 August 2012
  5. ^ CIA – The World Factbook
  6. ^ O, Noel (8 August 2012). "By population, Australia is on top of the medal tally". The Roar. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
  7. ^ Olympic Games | Crawford Report | Sports Funding | Richard Evans
  8. ^ "www.nationalpost.com/scripts/feeds/story.html?id=2210902". Retrieved January 8, 2010.[dead link]

External links[edit]