Results of the Australian federal election, 1901 (Senate)

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The following tables show state-by-state results in the Australian Senate at the 1901 federal election. Senators total 17 Free Trade, 11 Protectionist, and eight Labour.[1] The terms were deemed to start on 1 January 1901.

Australia[edit]

Senate (FPTP BV) — Turnout N/A — Informal N/A
Party Votes % Seats won
  Free Trade Party 946,684 35.46 17
  Protectionist Party 795,889 29.81 10
  Independent Protectionist 397,631 14.89 2
  Labour Party 325,875 12.21 7
  Independent Free Trade 127,011 4.76 0
  Independent 43,597 1.63 0
  Independent Socialist 27,347 1.02 0
  Total 2,669,930   36

When parliament sat, the two independent protectionists sat as formal Protectionists, while David O'Keefe, a Protectionist from Tasmania, joined the Labour caucus. This left 17 Free Trade, 11 Protectionist and 8 Labour senators.

New South Wales[edit]

Each elector voted for up to six candidates; as such percentages are shown of the total number of voters rather than the total number of votes.

Australian federal election, 1901: Senate, New South Wales[2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade James Walker (elected 1) 79,800 43.9 +43.9
Free Trade Edward Millen (elected 2) 75,010 41.2 +41.2
Free Trade Albert Gould (elected 3) 74,253 40.8 +40.8
Protectionist Richard O'Connor (elected 4) 72,858 40.1 +40.1
Free Trade John Neild (elected 5) 70,563 38.8 +38.8
Free Trade Edward Pulsford (elected 6) 70,468 38.7 +38.7
Free Trade John Gray 69,499 38.2 +38.2
Ind. Protectionist John Norton 66,463 36.5 +36.5
Protectionist Sir William Manning 48,110 26.4 +26.4
Protectionist John Kidd 44,661 24.6 +24.6
Protectionist James Mackay 41,596 22.9 +22.9
Ind. Protectionist Richard Meagher 32,903 18.1 +18.1
Protectionist George Waddell 32,729 18.0 +18.0
Protectionist Mark Hammond 32,252 17.7 +17.7
Labour Samuel Smith 31,185 17.1 +17.1
Labour Donald Macdonell 30,416 16.7 +16.7
Ind. Protectionist Eden George 20,136 11.1 +11.1
Ind. Free Trade Edward Terry 18,764 10.3 +10.3
Ind. Free Trade Harry Lassetter 17,741 9.8 +9.8
Ind. Protectionist Harrie Wood 14,736 8.1 +8.1
Independent Denis O'Sullivan 12,928 7.1 +7.1
Ind. Free Trade George Cox 11,263 6.2 +6.2
Ind. Free Trade Francis Cotton 9,170 5.0 +5.0
Independent John Cook 7,422 4.1 +4.1
Ind. Free Trade Charles Royle 7,216 4.0 +4.0
Ind. Free Trade Francis Abigail 7,164 3.9 +3.9
Ind. Free Trade John Griffin 6,502 3.6 +3.6
Independent Socialist John Neill 5,952 3.3 +3.3
Ind. Protectionist William Read 5,836 3.2 +3.2
Independent Socialist Andrew Thomson 5,823 3.2 +3.2
Ind. Free Trade Sam Rosa 5,560 3.1 +3.1
Ind. Protectionist Richard Colonna-Close 5,174 2.8 +2.8
Independent Socialist Harry Holland 4,711 2.6 +2.6
Independent Socialist James Moroney 4,257 2.3 +2.3
Ind. Free Trade Lindsay Thompson 4,000 2.2 +2.2
Ind. Protectionist Patrick Lynch 3,876 2.1 +2.1
Ind. Protectionist Walter Quinn 3,700 2.0 +2.0
Independent Thomas Edwards 3,580 2.0 +2.0
Independent Socialist Thomas Melling 3,495 1.9 +1.9
Ind. Protectionist David Fealy 3,411 1.9 +1.9
Ind. Protectionist William Richardson 3,289 1.8 +1.8
Independent Socialist James Morrish 3,109 1.7 +1.7
Independent Francis Brown 2,998 1.6 +1.6
Independent John Blake 2,906 1.6 +1.6
Ind. Free Trade William Shipway 2,776 1.5 +1.5
Independent William Flynn 2,736 1.5 +1.5
Ind. Free Trade Andrew Armstrong 2,348 1.3 +1.3
Ind. Free Trade James Moriarty 2,366 1.3 +1.3
Independent William Gocher 2,172 1.2 +1.2
Independent David Gash 1,473 0.8 +0.8
Total formal votes 1,091,416
211,104 ballots
88.3
Informal votes 38,674 11.7
Turnout 249,778 75.8
Party total votes
Free Trade 439,593 40.3 +40.3
Protectionist 272,206 24.9 +24.9
Ind. Protectionist 153,688 14.1 +14.1
Ind. Free Trade 94,870 8.7 +8.7
Labour 61,601 5.6 +5.6
Independent 36,215 3.3 +3.3
Independent Socialist 27,347 2.5 +2.5

Victoria[edit]

Each elector voted for up to six candidates; as such percentages are shown of the total number of voters rather than the total number of votes.

Although Fraser and Zeal were not selected Protectionist candidates, they sat as formal Protectionists in parliament.

Australian federal election, 1901: Senate, Victoria[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Ind. Protectionist Simon Fraser (elected 1) 85,820 61.2 +61.2
Ind. Protectionist Sir William Zeal (elected 2) 83,243 59.4 +59.4
Free Trade Sir Frederick Sargood (elected 3) 79,956 57.0 +57.0
Protectionist James Styles (elected 4) 62,557 44.6 +44.6
Protectionist Robert Best (elected 5) 63,075 45.0 +45.0
Labour John Barrett (elected 6) 59,366 42.3 +42.3
Protectionist John Dow 55,879 39.8 +39.8
Free Trade Robert Reid 52,851 37.7 +37.7
Ind. Protectionist George Wise 47,874 34.1 +34.1
Free Trade John Wallace 47,603 33.9 +33.9
Protectionist William Watt 33,776 24.1 +24.1
Free Trade John Duffy 33,423 23.8 +23.8
Free Trade William Moule 28,772 20.5 +20.5
Labour Stephen Barker 27,059 19.3 +19.3
Labour Alfred Hampson 21,419 15.3 +15.3
Free Trade James Purves 18,977 13.5 +13.5
Ind. Protectionist Richard Baker 17,564 12.5 +12.5
Protectionist William Kelly 12,803 9.1 +9.1
Ind. Protectionist Charles Sargeant 9,442 6.7 +6.7
Total formal votes 841,459
~140,243 ballots
Informal votes unknown
Turnout unknown
Party total votes
Free Trade 261,582 31.1 +31.1
Ind. Protectionist 243,943 29.0 +29.0
Protectionist 228,090 27.1 +27.1
Labour 107,844 12.8 +12.8

Queensland[edit]

Each elector voted for up to six candidates; as such percentages are shown of the total number of voters rather than the total number of votes.

There was no protectionist or free trade organisation in Queensland in 1901; the Labour Party was the only formal political party. Candidates' designations are assigned according to whether they publicly identified with the protectionist or free trade cause. Elected candidates sat with their respective parties.

Australian federal election, 1901: Senate, Queensland[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour William Higgs (elected 1) 29,452 62.1 +62.1
Labour Anderson Dawson (elected 2) 29,350 61.9 +61.9
Protectionist James Drake (elected 3) 26,552 56.0 +56.0
Labour James Stewart (elected 4) 23,736 50.0 +50.0
Free Trade John Ferguson (elected 5) 23,276 49.1 +49.1
Protectionist Thomas Glassey (elected 6) 22,670 47.8 +47.8
Protectionist Andrew Thynne 22,001 46.4 +46.4
Protectionist John Bartholomew 20,624 43.5 +43.5
Protectionist John Hamilton 18,680 39.4 +39.4
Protectionist Alfred Cowley 18,265 38.5 +38.5
Protectionist Edmund Plant 17,028 35.9 +35.9
Protectionist Thomas Murray-Prior 13,236 27.9 +27.9
Independent John Hoolan 7,382 15.6 +15.6
Protectionist David Seymour 4,969 10.5 +10.5
Free Trade Joseph Ahearne 4,516 9.5 +9.5
Protectionist Charles Buzacott 2,918 6.2 +6.2
Total formal votes 284,655
~47,443 ballots
Informal votes unknown
Turnout unknown
Party total votes
Protectionist 166,943 58.6 +58.6
Labour 82,538 29.0 +29.0
Free Trade 27,792 9.8 +9.8
Independent 7,382 2.6 +2.6

Western Australia[edit]

Each elector voted for up to six candidates; as such percentages are shown of the total number of voters rather than the total number of votes.

Australian federal election, 1901: Senate, Western Australia[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Staniforth Smith (elected 1) 15,288 69.6 +69.6
Free Trade Alexander Matheson (elected 2) 14,728 67.0 +67.0
Labour George Pearce (elected 3) 13,109 59.6 +59.6
Labour Hugh de Largie (elected 4) 12,648 57.5 +57.5
Free Trade Edward Harney (elected 5) 11,475 52.2 +52.2
Free Trade Norman Ewing (elected 6) 11,037 50.2 +50.2
Free Trade Joseph Thomson 9,249 42.1 +42.1
Ind. Free Trade Henry Saunders 8,951 40.7 +40.7
Ind. Free Trade Henry Ellis 7,720 35.1 +35.1
Protectionist John Phair 6,191 28.2 +28.2
Protectionist Joseph Charles 5,016 22.8 +22.8
Ind. Free Trade Horace Stirling 4,731 21.5 +21.5
Free Trade Louis Wolff 3,729 17.0 +17.0
Ind. Free Trade Richard Gell 3,548 16.1 +16.1
Ind. Free Trade Walter Phillips 2,261 10.3 +10.3
Ind. Free Trade Julius Bowen 2,184 9.9 +9.9
Total formal votes 131,865
~21,978 ballots
Informal votes 5,793
Turnout unknown
Party total votes
Free Trade 65,506 49.7 +49.7
Ind. Free Trade 29,395 22.3 +22.3
Labour 25,757 19.5 +19.5
Protectionist 11,207 8.5 +8.5

South Australia[edit]

Each elector voted for up to six candidates; as such percentages are shown of the total number of voters rather than the total number of votes.

Australian federal election, 1901: Senate, South Australia[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Free Trade Sir Josiah Symon (elected 1) 37,642 74.8 +74.8
Protectionist Thomas Playford (elected 2) 36,892 73.3 +73.3
Free Trade Sir Richard Baker (elected 3) 35,235 70.0 +70.0
Protectionist Sir John Downer (elected 4) 30,493 60.6 +60.6
Free Trade David Charleston (elected 5) 29,153 57.9 +57.9
Labour Gregor McGregor (elected 6) 26,264 52.2 +52.2
Protectionist Andrew Kirkpatrick 25,620 50.9 +50.9
Labour James O'Loghlin 21,871 43.4 +43.4
Free Trade Arthur Addison 21,802 43.3 +43.3
Free Trade William Copley 20,807 41.3 +41.3
Protectionist Thomas Burgoyne 16,353 32.5 +32.5
Total formal votes 302,132
~50,325 ballots
Informal votes 1,478
Turnout unknown
Party total votes
Free Trade 144,639 47.9 +47.9
Protectionist 109,358 36.2 +36.2
Labour 48,135 15.9 +15.9

Tasmania[edit]

Each elector cast a single vote, Tasmania being the only state to use this method.

There was no labour organisation in Tasmania, although O'Keefe joined the Labour caucus when parliament sat.

Australian federal election, 1901: Senate, Tasmania[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Protectionist John Keating (elected 1) 3,761 20.4 +20.4
Free Trade John Clemons (elected 2) 2,520 13.7 +13.7
Protectionist David O'Keefe (elected 3) 1,904 10.3 +10.3
Free Trade Henry Dobson (elected 4) 1,566 8.5 +8.5
Protectionist Cyril Cameron (elected 5) 1,452 7.9 +7.9
Free Trade James Macfarlane (elected 6) 1,199 6.5 +6.5
Ind. Free Trade Don Urquhart 1,156 6.3 +6.3
Protectionist William Moore 968 5.3 +5.3
Free Trade Jonathan Best 962 5.2 +5.2
Ind. Free Trade James Waldron 758 4.1 +4.1
Free Trade Henry Murray 740 4.0 +4.0
Free Trade Robert Patterson 585 3.2 +3.2
Ind. Free Trade Alfred Page 414 2.2 +2.2
Ind. Free Trade Joseph Woollnough 230 1.2 +1.2
Ind. Free Trade Arthur Morrisby 188 1.0 +1.0
Total formal votes 18,403 97.8
Informal votes 417 2.2
Turnout 18,820 48.4
Party total votes
Protectionist 8,085 43.9 +43.9
Free Trade 7,572 41.1 +41.1
Ind. Free Trade 2,746 14.9 +14.9

References[edit]

External links[edit]