List of ambassadors of Australia to the United States

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Ambassador of Australia to the United States
Coat of Arms of Australia.svg
Joe Hockey portrait 1.jpg
Incumbent
Joe Hockey

since 23 January 2016
(presented credentials 29 January 2016)
Style His Excellency
Nominator Prime Minister of Australia
Appointer Governor-General of Australia
Inaugural holder Richard Casey
Formation 1 March 1940
Website Embassy of Australia
The Australian Embassy on 1601 Massachusetts Ave NW, Washington, D.C.

The Ambassador of Australia to the United States is an officer of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade and the head of the Embassy of Australia to the United States of America in Washington, D.C.. It is Australia's third-oldest diplomatic posting, after the High Commissions in London (1910) and Ottawa (1939). The position has the rank and status of an Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary and is currently Joe Hockey, who presented his credentials to President Barack Obama on 29 January 2016.[1][2] The ambassador's work is assisted by multiple consulates throughout the country that undertake visiting and reporting responsibilities, as well as consular and trade matters for the embassy.

Posting history[edit]

The United States and Australia have enjoyed official diplomatic relations since 1 March 1940, when Australia established a legation in Washington as one of its first independent postings. This had been preceded however by the appointment of Keith Officer since February 1937 as the Australian representative in the United States of America attached to the British Embassy in Washington with the rank of Counsellor. Officer continued in the position until February 1940 when he became the Charge d'Affaires, pending the arrival of Casey as the first Minister.

First established as a Legation headed by an Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, on 19 July 1946 it was upgraded to Embassy status and the Australian Minister, Frederic Eggleston became the first Ambassador. The posting is seen as highly desirable, and political appointees are regularly posted. Several distinguished Australians have served as Ambassador: one Governor-General of Australia (Richard Casey), one Chief Justice of Australia (Sir Owen Dixon), one later Governor of Tasmania (James Plimsoll), former federal leaders of the opposition Andrew Peacock and Kim Beazley[3], and former federal Treasurer Joe Hockey.

Consulates[edit]

Location Open Consul Reporting responsibility
Consulate-General, Chicago 1971 Michael Wood Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wisconsin[4]
Consulate-General, Honolulu 1973 Jeff Robinson Hawaii, Guam, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands, USPACOM[5]
Consulate-General, Houston (Austrade) 1982 TBA Texas, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Louisiana
Consulate-General, New York 1945 Alastair Walton New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, Maine, New Hampshire, Ohio, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands
Consulate-General, Los Angeles 1971 Chelsey Martin California (south of the 36N latitude), Alaska, Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, Nevada (Clark County), Utah
Consulate-General, San Francisco (Austrade) 1946 Chris Oldfield California (north of 36N latitude), Nevada (except Clark County), Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming
Honorary Consulate, Miami 1999 Don Slesnick Florida[6]

From 1993 to August 2012, there existed a Consulate-General in Atlanta, Georgia, which was managed by Austrade. The consulate's closure was due to a realignment of resources "to growing and emerging markets like Mongolia and Colombia." After its closure, the consulate's reporting responsibilities for the states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina and South Carolina were transferred to the Australian Embassy in Washington.[7] From 12 September 1994 to his death on 11 June 2017, there existed an Honorary Consulate in Denver, Colorado, held by Mark O'Regan, an Australian-born Denver realtor and former civil servant in the Territory of Papua New Guinea.[8] From 7 December 1999 to his death on 6 November 2013, the Honorary Consul in Miami, Florida, was Thomas Flynn.[9] Flynn was appointed as an Honorary Member of the Order of Australia (AM) for his service as honorary consul in 2005.[10]

Office-holders[edit]

Image Name Office Term start date Term end date
Lord Casey.jpg
Richard Casey Minister to the United States of America 1 March 1940 1 June 1942
Dixon 01.jpg
Owen Dixon 3 June 1942 1 October 1944
Sir Frederic Eggleston as Minister to USA in group portrait of Australian delegates to the United Nations conference in San Francisco, 1945.jpg
Frederic Eggleston 1 November 1944 19 July 1946
Ambassador to the United States of America 19 July 1946 5 September 1946
Makin-young.jpg
Norman Makin 5 September 1946 1 January 1951
Percy Spender (1897-1985).jpg
Percy Spender 31 May 1951 1 January 1957
Howard Beale.jpg
Howard Beale 20 March 1958 1 April 1964
(44) 1960-62 Ambassador J K Waller Speech.jpg
Keith Waller 20 April 1964 1 June 1970
James Plimsoll 8 June 1970 1 January 1973
Patrick Shaw 21 February 1974 27 December 1975
Gordon Noel Upton Chargé d'affaires 27 December 1975 8 March 1976
Nick Parkinson Ambassador to the United States of America 8 March 1976 1 February 1976
Alan Renouf 9 February 1976 20 May 1979
Robert B. Birch Chargé d'affaires 20 May 1979 13 November 1979
Nick Parkinson Ambassador to the United States of America 13 November 1979 15 July 1982
Geoffrey J. Price Chargé d'affaires 15 July 1982 16 August 1982
Bob Cotton Ambassador to the United States of America 16 August 1982 1 June 1985
Rawdon Dalrymple 26 June 1985 1 April 1989
Michael Cook 20 April 1989 1 August 1993
Dr Don Russell.jpg
Don Russell 22 August 1993 1 December 1995
John McCarthy, AO (2).jpg
John McCarthy 5 December 1995 1 February 1997
Andrew Peacock.jpg
Andrew Peacock 2 February 1997 27 February 1999
Amb Michael Thawley.jpg
Michael Thawley 2 February 2000 1 June 2005
Dennis J Richardson (2).jpg
Dennis Richardson 20 June 2005 1 February 2010
Kim Beazley.jpg
Kim Beazley 17 February 2010 22 January 2016
Joe Hockey portrait 1.jpg
Joe Hockey 29 January 2016 date

Consuls-General[edit]

Atlanta[edit]

The consulate-general was opened in 1993 under Austrade management.[11] The consulate was closed in August 2012 following an Austrade restructure.

Name Start of term End of term References
Ian Wing 14 September 1993 May 1997 [12]
Geoff Gray 14 August 1997 2000
David Crook 2000 22 November 2004 [13][14]
Amanda Hodges 7 January 2005 June 2009
Duncan Cole June 2009 31 August 2012 [15]

Chicago[edit]

Originally opened in 1971, the consulate-general was closed in 1993 due to budget constraints after being transferred to Austrade, but re-opened under DFAT in 2001.[16]

Name Start of term End of term References
T. W. Collis 1971 1974
F. B. Hall 1975 1978
D. C. Goss 1979 1980
B. B. Hickey 1981 1985
Terry McCarthy 1986 1987
Jeremy Hearder 1988 1990 [17]
Kevin Gates 1991 6 August 1993
Consulate closed
Ron Harvey 2001 2004 [18]
Bob Charles 2005 2008 [19][20]
Elizabeth Schick April 2008 April 2011
Roger Price November 2011 31 March 2015 [21]
Michael Wood 1 April 2015 date [4]

Honolulu[edit]

Originally opened as a Consulate in January 1973, the posting was upgraded to a Consulate-General on 26 March 1978.[22][23]

Name Start of term End of term References
David Wadham (Consul) January 1973 June 1975 [24]
William Rowe (Consul) June 1975 26 March 1978 [25]
William Rowe MBE 26 March 1978 June 1979 [26]
Brian Meade June 1979 February 1983
Bill Fisher February 1983 April 1987
Richard Smith April 1987 August 1989 [27]
Robert Tyson August 1989 January 1993
Murray Cobban January 1993 October 1995
Colin McDonald October 1995 May 1998 [28]
Peter Woolcott May 1998 July 2001 [29]
Paul Robilliard July 2001 September 2004 [30]
John Quinn September 2004 August 2007 [31]
David Binns August 2007 August 2011 [32]
Scott Dewar August 2011 February 2015 [33]
Jeff Robinson 8 February 2015 date

Los Angeles[edit]

Originally a Trade Commission from 1965, the post was upgraded to a Consulate-General from 3 March 1971 and was closed during a period of budget cuts to Foreign Affairs on 1 July 1976. The consulate reopened in September 1978 and management was tranferred from DFAT to Austrade in October 1992. DFAT resumed management from November 1999.[34]

Name Start of term End of term References
A. I. Macrae (Trade Commissioner) 1965 1966
M. J. Long (Trade Commissioner) 1967 3 March 1971
Philip Searcy OBE 3 March 1971 September 1975
Harold Marshall September 1975 1 July 1976
Consulate closed
Peter Barbour September 1978 April 1981
John McLeay Jr. April 1981 February 1984
Basil Teasey February 1984 June 1988
John Kelso June 1988 October 1992
Colin Hook October 1992 May 1995
Robert O'Donovan June 1995 1997
Michael Johnson 1997 November 1999
Allan Rocher November 1999 November 2002 [35]
John Olsen November 2002 September 2006 [36]
Innes Willox September 2006 March 2009 [37]
Chris De Cure OAM March 2009 July 2012 [38]
Karen Lanyon July 2012 October 2015 [39]
Chelsey Martin 22 October 2015 date [40]

San Francisco[edit]

Since 1993, the consulate-general has been managed by Austrade.[11]

Name Start of term End of term References
Edward Smart July 1946 October 1949 [41]
N. N. Frewin (acting) October 1949 1952 [42]
Stewart Wolfe Jamieson June 1952 1955
Melville Marshall May 1955 1960
Bill Cutts December 1960 1963
Frederick Homer February 1963 1966
Neil Truscott February 1966 1970 [43]
Roger Dean April 1970 1974
John McCredie August 1974 1977
Geoffrey Brady August 1977 1982
Leslie Sellars November 1982 1983
John Melhuish May 1983 1986
David Rutter October 1986 1990
David Charles August 1990 September 1993 [44]
John Paul McCaffrey 29 September 1993 May 1995
Dr Joe Hlubucek 25 May 1995 1998
Peter Lewis 1998 October 2002
Peter Frank 16 October 2002 2005
David Lawson 2005 June 2009
Nigel Warren June 2009 June 2015
Sally-Ann Watts June 2015 October 2015
Chris Oldfield October 2015 date [45][46]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cox, Lisa (8 December 2015). "Joe Hockey announced as Australia's next ambassador to the United States". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  2. ^ Hunter, Fergus (30 January 2016). "Former treasurer Joe Hockey officially welcomed by Barack Obama as US ambassador". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  3. ^ Norington, Brad (25 February 2010). "New ambassador Kim Beazley meets Barack Obama from wheelchair". The Australian. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  4. ^ a b Bishop, Julie (16 March 2015). "Consul-General in Chicago" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  5. ^ CA 7957: Australian Consulate-General, Honolulu [United States of America], National Archives of Australia, retrieved 24 June 2017 
  6. ^ "MiamiHonConsul". Embassy of Australia - United States of America. DFAT. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  7. ^ Gartrell, Adam (2 August 2012). "Australia's consulate in Atlanta closes". News.com.au. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "Obituary: Mark V. O'Regan". The Denver Post. 11 June 2017. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Obituary: THOMAS EDWARD FLYNN". The Miami Herald. 10 November 2013. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  10. ^ "FLYNN, Thomas Edward - Member of the Order of Australia". It's an Honour. Australian Government. 19 April 2005. Retrieved 24 June 2017. For service to the Australian Government as the Honorary Consul for Miami, Florida. 
  11. ^ a b "ParlInfo - QUESTIONS ON NOTICE: Australian Consulate-General: Chicago" (House Hansard). Parliament of Australia. 27 June 2001. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  12. ^ Pierson, Mark (13 May 1997). "Australia’s Wing, Consul General Here, Heading for Tokyo". Global Atlanta. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  13. ^ "Australian Dean of Consular Corps Here Going Home Nov. 22". Global Atlanta. 29 October 2004. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "Australia’s Consul Hopes for U.S. Free Trade Agreement". Global Atlanta. 5 August 2003. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  15. ^ Williams, Trevor (26 July 2012). "Australia to Close Atlanta Consulate, Trade Office". Global Atlanta. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  16. ^ CA 8034: Australian Consulate-General, Chicago [United States of America], National Archives of Australia, retrieved 11 June 2016 
  17. ^ "New consul-general". The Canberra Times. 26 May 1988. p. 3. 
  18. ^ Downer, Alexander (13 June 2001). "Diplomatic appointment: Consul-General in Chicago" (Press release). Australian Government. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014. 
  19. ^ Downer, Alexander (18 December 2004). "Diplomatic Appointment: Consul-General in Chicago" (Press release). Australian Government. Archived from the original on 12 February 2014. 
  20. ^ Koutsoukis, Jason (18 December 2004). "Howard awards plum post to Liberal mate". The Age. Fairfax Media. Archived from the original on 5 November 2012. 
  21. ^ Emerson, Craig (13 September 2011). "Diplomatic Appointment — Consul-General in Chicago" (Press release). Australian Government. Archived from the original on 29 March 2015. 
  22. ^ CA 7957: Australian Consulate-General, Honolulu [United States of America], National Archives of Australia, retrieved 24 June 2016 
  23. ^ "Consulate". The Canberra Times. 47, (13,238). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 26 September 1972. p. 8. Retrieved 24 June 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  24. ^ "Precedent set by diplomatic posting". The Canberra Times. 47, (13,271). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 3 November 1972. p. 9. Retrieved 24 June 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  25. ^ "VICE-REGAL". The Canberra Times. 52, (15,530). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 10 March 1978. p. 2. Retrieved 24 June 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  26. ^ "Diplomatic appointments". The Canberra Times. 59, (18,075). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 25 March 1985. p. 3. Retrieved 24 June 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  27. ^ "VICE-REGAL". The Canberra Times. 61, (18,828). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 22 April 1987. p. 2. Retrieved 24 June 2017 – via National Library of Australia. 
  28. ^ McMullan, Bob (12 July 1995). "AUSTRALIAN Consul-General in Honolulu" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  29. ^ Downer, Alexander (24 March 1998). "Diplomatic Appointment: Consul-General in Honolulu" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  30. ^ Downer, Alexander (8 February 2001). "Diplomatic Appointment: Consul-General in Honolulu" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  31. ^ Downer, Alexander (28 May 2004). "Diplomatic Appointment: Consul-General in Honolulu" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  32. ^ Downer, Alexander (18 June 2007). "Diplomatic Appointment: Consul-General in Honolulu" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  33. ^ Rudd, Kevin (30 July 2011). "Diplomatic appointment - New Consul-General in Honolulu" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  34. ^ CA 4078: Australian Consulate-General, Los Angeles [United States of America], National Archives of Australia, retrieved 20 June 2017 
  35. ^ Downer, Alexander (7 August 1999). "Changes in Australia's Overseas Representation" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  36. ^ Downer, Alexander (3 June 2002). "Diplomatic appointment: Consul-General in Los Angeles" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  37. ^ Downer, Alexander (24 August 2006). "Diplomatic appointment: Consul-General in Los Angeles" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  38. ^ Smith, Stephen (24 February 2009). "Diplomatic appointment: Consul-General in Los Angeles" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  39. ^ Carr, Bob (29 April 2012). "Diplomatic appointment: Consul-General in Los Angeles" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  40. ^ Bishop, Julie (22 October 2015). "Consul-General in Los Angeles" (Press release). Australian Government. 
  41. ^ Guide to the San Francisco News, July 1946: New Consul General Edward Kenneth Smart of Australia
  42. ^ CA 1321: Australian Consulate-General, San Francisco [United States of America], National Archives of Australia, retrieved 12 November 2016 
  43. ^ "The Truscotts get ready to disperse". The Canberra Times. 15 January 1969. p. 18. 
  44. ^ Magnier, Mark (27 August 1990). "CRISIS IN THE MIDDLE EAST COULD COST AUSTRALIA DEARLY". The Journal of Commerce. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  45. ^ Hanson, Roger (28 October 2015). "Tasmanian Irrigation chief appointed Senior Trade Commissioner and Consul General to San Francisco". The Mercury. Retrieved 17 June 2017. 
  46. ^ Robb, Andrew (28 October 2015). "Senior Trade Appointments to Houston and San Francisco" (Press release). Australian Government. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]