Australian Fabian Society
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The Australian Fabians (also known as the Australian Fabian Society) was established in 1947. The organisation aims to "contribute to progressive political thinking" as well as "progressive political culture".
The Australian Fabians have historically had close ties with the Australian Labor Party (ALP). This is evidenced by the number of past ALP prime ministers, federal ministers and state premiers who were active members of the Australian Fabians while in office. The role of patron of the Australian Fabians is filled by media and Social Commentator and progressive thinker, Eva Cox, but was previously filled by former Australian prime minister, the late Gough Whitlam. This is a temporary arrangement and the position will be filled when an appropriate person to fund and uphold the society's values is found.
The Australian Fabians have had a significant influence on public policy development in Australia since the Second World War, with many of its members having held influential political offices in Australian governments.
An earlier experiment with Fabianism in Australia was initiated in Adelaide in 1891 by the Rev Charles Marson, who had joined the Fabians in London in 1885 and drew in trade unionists like David Charleston, Robert Guthrie and John McPherson as well as social reformers like James & Lucy Morice into the first overseas branch of the UK Fabian Society. The Australian members retained their membership for ten years until the Adelaide branch was wound up in 1902.
During the 1960s, the Victorian branch was closely aligned with the Participants grouping within the Victorian Labor Party, "who became the centre of organised support for Whitlam and opposition to the hard-left dominated Victorian Central Executive". The Victorian Labor Party at the time was run by the historic left grouping, while Whitlam and other states were involved with the historic right grouping.
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The Australian Fabians' Statement of Purpose states:
Australian Fabians promote the common good and foster the advance of social democracy in Australia through reasoned debate by:
a) Contributing to progressive political thinking by generating ideas that reflect a level of thinking that meets the challenges of the times.
b) Contributing to a progressive political culture by disseminating these ideas and getting them into the public domain.
c) Creating an active movement of people who identify with, are engaged in and who encourage progressive political debate and reform, and
d) Influencing the ideas and policies of political parties, especially the Australian Labor Party.
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- John Cain (Victoria 1982—1990)
- Don Dunstan (South Australia 1970—1979)
- Geoff Gallop (Western Australia 2001—2006)
- Neville Wran (New South Wales 1976—1986)
- Chris Bowen (Shadow Treasurer 2013—2019)
- Jim Cairns (Deputy Prime Minister 1974—1975)
- Arthur Calwell (Opposition Leader 1960—1967)
- Julie Collins (MP 2011—2013)
- Frank Crean (Deputy Prime Minister 1975, Treasurer 1972—1974)
- John Faulkner (Senator 1989—2015, ALP National President 2006—2008)
- Luke Foley (Leader of the Opposition, New South Wales 2015—2018)
- Bill Hayden (Opposition Leader 1977—1983)
- Stephen Jones (MP 2010—)
- Andrew Leigh (MP 2010—)
- John Lenders (Treasurer, Victoria 2007—2010)
- Clarrie Martin (Attorney General, New South Wales 1941—1953)
- Race Mathews (MP 1972—1975, MP, Victoria 1979—1992)
- Jenny McAllister (Senator 2015—, ALP National President 2011—2015)
- Claire Moore (Senator 2002—) Queensland Patron
- Tanya Plibersek (ALP Deputy Leader 2013—2019)
- Bill Shorten (Opposition Leader 2013—2019)
- Wayne Swan (Deputy Prime Minister 2010—2013)
- Susan Templeman (MP 2016—)
- Tim Watts (MP 2013—)
- Phillip Adams (broadcaster)
- Van Badham (writer and columnist)
- David Charleston (trade unionist)
- Eva Cox (writer and academic) National Patron
- Henry Hyde Champion (journalist)
- Charles Marson (clergy)
- Bernard O'Dowd (writer)
- Nettie Palmer (writer)
- Charles Strong (clergy)
- "About us". Australian Fabians. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
- "Executive". Fabian.org.au. Australian Fabians. Archived from the original on 20 August 2006.
- Sutcliffe,D The Keys of Heaven, biography of Charles Marson https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00BHXQ5BW
- Mathews, Race Australia's First Fabians 1993 Cambridge University Press
- Bongiorno, Frank (16 December 2013). "Whitlam, the 1960s and the program". Inside Story. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
- Sendy, John (March 1971). "Socialism and the ALP Left". Australian Left Review.
- Oakley, Corey. "The rise and fall of the ALP left in Victoria and NSW". Marxist Left Review. Retrieved 12 September 2019.
- "Who We Are". Fabian.org.au. Australian Fabians. Archived from the original on 16 March 2006.