Australian Labor Party (Northern Territory Branch)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Australian Labor Party
(Northern Territory Branch)
LeaderMichael Gunner
Deputy LeaderNicole Manison
PresidentErina Early [1]
SecretaryKent Rowe [2]
Founded1967; 52 years ago (1967)
Headquarters3/63 Winnellie Road, Winnellie
Youth wingNorthern Territory Young Labor
National affiliationAustralian Labor Party
Legislative Assembly
15 / 25
House of Representatives
2 / 2
(NT seats)
Senate
1 / 2
(NT seats)
Website
territorylabor.com.au

The Australian Labor Party (Northern Territory Branch), commonly known as Territory Labor is the Northern Territory branch of the Australian Labor Party.[3] It has been the governing party of the Northern Territory since winning the 2016 election under Michael Gunner. It previously held office from 2001 to 2012.[4][5]

History[edit]

The first Labor candidate from the Northern Territory - which was then represented by the Northern Territory seat in the South Australian House of Assembly - was Pine Creek miner and former City of Adelaide alderman James Robertson in 1905. The first Labor MP was Thomas Crush, who was elected at a 1908 by-election and accepted into the South Australian Labor caucus despite not having signed the Labor pledge. He was re-elected in 1910, and served until the Northern Territory formally separated from South Australia in 1911, resulting in the loss of the seat in state parliament. A non-voting federal seat in the Australian House of Representatives, the Division of Northern Territory, was established for the 1922 election, and was won by independent candidate and former union leader Harold George Nelson, who joined the Labor caucus after the election.[6]

In March 1928, a general meeting of the North Australian Workers Union resolved to establish a Northern Territory branch of the Labor Party and elected an interim executive.[7] In July 1928, it was reported that the federal secretary had requested that the South Australian branch instead form a Darwin branch.[8] It was reported in October 1928 that affiliation with the South Australian branch had been granted, and that the South Australian state executive had re-endorsed Nelson to contest the 1929 election.[9] An Alice Springs branch was established in 1947.[10] The Northern Territory branch was upgraded to receive the status of a state branch in August 1967.[11]

The Northern Territory Legislative Council was established in 1947 as a partly elected representative body with limited powers, with the Labor Party endorsing candidates from the first election.[10][12] Labor members of the Legislative Council included Tom Bell, Eric Marks, Charles Orr, Len Purkiss, Tom Ronan, and Richard Ward [13][14][15][6]

In 1974, the Legislative Council was replaced by the fully elected Northern Territory Legislative Assembly in preparation for self-governance.[16] However, the 1974 election was disastrous for Labor, which failed to win a single seat.[17] The party recovered to some extent at the 1977 election, winning six seats, but remained in opposition until their victory at the 2001 election under Clare Martin. Labor held office until the 2012 election, spent one term in opposition, and returned to power at the 2016 election.[18]

Leaders[edit]

Election results[edit]

Note: this section only lists elections for the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly.

Election Leader Seats ± Total votes % ±% Position
1974 Richard Ward
0 / 19
Steady0 8,508 30.5% Increase30.5% Extra-parliamentary
1977 Jon Isaacs
6 / 19
Increase6 12,165 38.2% Increase7.7% Opposition
1980
7 / 19
Increase1 15,818 39.4% Increase1.2% Opposition
1983 Bob Collins
6 / 25
Decrease1 17,505 35.6% Decrease3.8% Opposition
1987 Terry Smith
6 / 25
Steady0 18,307 36.0% Increase0.4% Opposition
1990
9 / 25
Increase3 23,827 36.6% Increase0.6% Opposition
1994 Brian Ede
7 / 25
Decrease2 30,507 41.4% Increase4.8% Opposition
1997 Maggie Hickey
7 / 25
Steady0 29,365 38.5% Decrease2.9% Opposition
2001 Clare Martin
13 / 25
Increase6 33,038 40.6% Increase2.1% Majority government
2005
19 / 25
Increase6 44,822 51.9% Increase11.3% Majority government
2008 Paul Henderson
13 / 25
Decrease6 34,557 43.2% Decrease8.7% Majority government
2012
8 / 25
Decrease5 33,594 36.5% Decrease6.7% Opposition
2016 Michael Gunner
18 / 25
Increase11 41,476 42.2% Increase5.7% Majority government

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Fracking a sore point for Labor Party factions ahead of May Day march". Herald Sun. 29 April 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  2. ^ "Fracking decision causes internal division in NT Labor". Northern Territory News. 28 April 2018. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  3. ^ "Territory Labor". Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Labor leader Michael Gunner sworn in as Northern Territory Chief Minister". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 31 August 2016. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  5. ^ "Northern Territory Election Preview". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b James, B. (2008) "Crush, Thomas George (Tom)" and "Nelson, Harold George", Northern Territory Dictionary of Biography, Revised Edition, ed. Carment, D, Edward, C. et al., Charles Darwin University Press: Darwin. ISBN 9780980457810.
  7. ^ "LABOR IN THE N.T." The Labor Daily (1292). New South Wales, Australia. 23 March 1928. p. 3. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  8. ^ "SOUTH AUSTRALIAN NOTES". The Australian Worker. 37, (29). New South Wales, Australia. 18 July 1928. p. 15. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  9. ^ "ENDORSED LABOR CANDIDATE". Northern Standard (66). Northern Territory, Australia. 2 October 1928. p. 5. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  10. ^ a b "N.T. Will Be Won For Labor". Worker. 58, (3145). Queensland, Australia. 27 October 1947. p. 10. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  11. ^ "Whitlam appeals for support in ALP row". The Canberra Times. 42, (11, 983). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 24 April 1968. p. 1. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  12. ^ "Advertising". Northern Standard. 4, (182). Northern Territory, Australia. 18 November 1949. p. 10. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  13. ^ "Anti-hanging Bill out". The Canberra Times. 41, (11, 614). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 16 February 1967. p. 13. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  14. ^ "The first of two articles by BRUCE JUDDERY No turning back for the Northern Territory". The Canberra Times. 44, (12, 665). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 3 July 1970. p. 2. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  15. ^ "Abortion still lively topic in NT". The Canberra Times. 47, (13453). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 5 June 1973. p. 13. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  16. ^ "Plan for talks with new NT Assembly". The Canberra Times. 48, (13, 810). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 18 July 1974. p. 3. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  17. ^ "Labor seat unlikely in NT poll". The Canberra Times. 49, (13, 891). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 21 October 1974. p. 1. Retrieved 1 May 2018 – via National Library of Australia.
  18. ^ "2008 Northern Territory Election". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 1 May 2018.