Australian Research Council
The Australian Research Council (ARC) is one of the Australian government's two main agencies for competitively allocating research funding to academics and researchers at Australian universities, established in 2001. The other is the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC).
ARC funds research and researchers under the National Competitive Grants Program (NCGP), and also administers Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA), Australia’s national research evaluation framework. ARC Centres of Excellence, funded for a limited period, are collaborations established among Australian and international universities and other institutions to support research in a variety of fields.
Since 2011, ARC has awarded the annual Kathleen Fitzpatrick Australian Laureate Fellowship and the Georgina Sweet Australian Laureate Fellowship, which are research fellowships for female Australian and international researchers, intended to support innovative research programs and mentor early career researchers.
History, governance, description
The Australian Research Council was established as an independent body under the Australian Research Council Act 2001.
The ARC's mission is to deliver policy and programs that advance Australian research and innovation globally and benefit the community. It supports fundamental and applied research and research training through national competition across all disciplines except clinical and other medical and dental research, for which the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) is primarily responsible. ARC is the primary source of advice to the government on investment in the national research effort.
National Competitive Grants Program
ARC funds research and researchers under the National Competitive Grants Program (NCGP). Funding opportunities administered by the ARC include the Australian Laureate Fellowship.
As part of its commitment to nurturing the creative abilities and skills of Australia's most promising researchers, the NCGP provides:
- support for the highest-quality research leading to the discovery of new ideas and the advancement of knowledge
- financial assistance towards facilities and equipment that researchers need to be internationally competitive
- support for the training and skills development of the next generation of researchers
- incentives for Australia's most talented researchers to work in partnership with leading researchers throughout the national innovation system and internationally, and to form alliances with Australian industry.
The NCGP comprises two main elements—Discovery and Linkage—under which the ARC funds a range of complementary schemes to support researchers at different stages of their careers, build Australia’s research capability, expand and enhance research networks and collaborations, and develop centres of research excellence.
The most recent annual report and corporate plan (formerly strategic plan) are available from the Publications section of the ARC website. ARC Grants Search is designed to make it easier for the public to find details about ARC-funded research projects since 2001, including electronic and paper-based research funding proposals.
Excellence in Research for Australia
ARC administers Excellence in Research for Australia (ERA), Australia’s national research evaluation framework. ERA identifies and promotes excellence across the full spectrum of research activity in higher education institutions.
ERA is a comprehensive quality evaluation of all research produced in Australian universities against national and international benchmarks. The ratings are determined and moderated by committees of distinguished researchers, drawn from Australia and overseas. The unit of evaluation is broadly defined as the field of research (FoR) within an institution based on the Australia and New Zealand Standard Classification (ANZSRC).
ERA is based on expert review informed by a range of indicators. The indicators used in ERA include a range of metrics, such as citation profiles which are common to disciplines in the sciences, and peer review of a sample of research outputs, which is more common in the humanities and social sciences.
A set of discipline-specific indicators has been developed in close consultation with the research community. This approach ensures that the indicators used are both appropriate and necessary, which minimises the resourcing burden of ERA for government and universities, and ensures that ERA results are robust and broadly accepted.
The first full round of ERA occurred in 2010 and the results were published in early 2011. This was the first time a nationwide stock take of discipline strengths and areas for development had ever been conducted in Australia. There have been two subsequent rounds of ERA in 2012 and 2015.
ARC-funded research is expected to comply with appropriate ethical, legal and professional frameworks, obligations and standards in a research environment underpinned by a culture of integrity.
- ARC research integrity and research misconduct policy: To safeguard the integrity of the ARC's peer reviewing, grant selection, research evaluation processes, funding recommendations, and research outcomes, the ARC research integrity and research misconduct policy requires institutions to report to the ARC the details of research integrity or research misconduct matters that have been investigated and resulted in corrective or disciplinary action. It also describes pathways via the ARC through which allegations of integrity breaches can be referred to institutions for investigation.
- National codes and statements on research ethics: The ARC research integrity and research misconduct policy complements the ARC's funding rules, which require compliance with the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research (2007) and other applicable national codes and guidelines and their successor documents.
- Australian Research Integrity Committee
The Australian Research Integrity Committee (ARIC) is an independent body, jointly established by the ARC and the NHMRC, to provide a system to review institutional responses to allegations of research misconduct.
Centres of excellence
ARC Centres of Excellence are "prestigious foci of expertise through which high-quality researchers maintain and develop Australia’s international standing in research areas of national priority". Funded by the ARC for a limited period (often seven years), collaborations are established among Australian and international universities, research organisations, governments and businesses, to support research in a number of fields. Recent funding rounds have occurred in 2011, 2014, 2017 and 2020.
Past ARC Centres of Excellence include:
- The Centre for Cross-Cultural Research (CCR) at the Australian National University, cited as an "ARC Special Research Centre focussing on scholarly and public understandings of cross-cultural relations and histories, particularly but not exclusively in Australia and in the immediate region", existed from 1997/8 to around 2006/7. Anthropologist Nicholas Thomas was its inaugural director.
- ARC Centre for Complex Systems (ACCS), 2004–2009
- ARC Centre of Excellence for Creative Industries and Innovation (CCI), 2005–2013
- ARC Centre of Excellence for All-Sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), 2011–2018
Continuing Centres include:
- ARC Centre of Australian Biodiversity and Heritage (CABAH), 2017–
- ARC Centre of Excellence for the History of Emotions (CHE), 2011–
- ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), 2011–
- ARC Centre of Excellence in Future Low-Energy Electronics Technologies (FLEET), 2017–
Assessment cycle for ARC research grants
The assessment cycle for research grants awarded by the ARC follows the following process:
Step 1, Funding rules
- Funding rules are approved by the minister
- Published on the ARC website
- Sector is advised of availability
Step 2, Proposals
- Instructions to applicants, sample application form and FAQs are published on ARC website
- Applications are submitted by eligible organisations by the relevant scheme closing date
Step 3, Assessment
- Proposals are considered against eligibility criteria and compliance with the funding rules
- Proposals are assessed by independent assessors in initial assessment
- Applicants may be given the opportunity to respond to assessors' written comments
- Proposals are assessed by the ARC's field-related colleges of experts or a selection advisory committee
Step 4, Selection
- The colleges of experts or selection advisory committee consider all proposals, rank each proposal relative to other proposals in the same discipline cluster, and recommends budgets for the highly ranked proposals
Step 5, Approval of funding
- ARC CEO provides recommendations to the minister with proposals to be approved for funding, proposals not recommended for funding, and the level of funding and duration of projects
- Minister considers recommendations and approves and announces funding outcomes
Since 2011, the Australian Research Council has awarded two research fellowships for female Australian and international researchers and research leaders to build Australia's research capacity, undertake innovative research programs and mentor early career researchers. The Kathleen Fitzpatrick Australian Laureate Fellowship is awarded to a candidate from the humanities, arts and social science disciplines and the Georgina Sweet Australian Laureate Fellowship is awarded to a candidate from the science and technology disciplines.
|Year||Kathleen Fitzpatrick Fellow||Georgina Sweet Fellow|
|2011||Pippa Norris||Mahananda Dasgupta|
|2012||Susan O’Connor||Nalini Joshi|
|2013||Glenda Sluga||Tanya Monro|
|2014||Joy Damousi||Veena Sahajwalla, Kate Smith-Miles|
|2015||Anne Orford||Leann Tilley|
|2016||Adrienne Stone, Sharon Parker||Branka Vucetic|
|2017||Ann McGrath||Michelle Coote|
|2018||Marilyn Fleer||Christine Beveridge|
|2019||Lynette Russell||Belinda Medlyn|
|2020||Maureen Dollard||Catherine Lovelock|
- APS Employment Data 31 December 2019 release (Report). Australian Public Service Commission. 31 December 2019.
- "Australian Research Council Act 2001". Act No. 8 of 27 February 2020. Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
- "Australian Research Council Annual Report 2014-15". Australian Research Council. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "National Competitive Grants Program". Australian Research Council. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Publications". Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Grants Search". Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Excellence in Research for Australia". Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Australian Research Integrity Committee (ARIC)". Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "ARC Centres of Excellence". Australian Research Council. 1 June 2018. Retrieved 9 April 2020.
- Note: See also template below.
- "Australian". Cultural Studies Association of Australasia. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
- "Annual report (Journal, magazine)". WorldCat.org. Retrieved 15 September 2020.
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- "ARC Assessment Process". 6 November 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Kathleen Fitzpatrick and Georgina Sweet Australian Laureate Fellows". Australian Research Council. Retrieved 2 August 2019.
- "Fellowships shed light on 21st-century democratisation and the history of Australian racial thought". University of Sydney. 10 August 2011. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
- "ANU Annual Report 2011" (PDF). Australian National University. April 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
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- Gill, Katynna (30 July 2012). "Three new ARC Australian Laureate Fellows for Faculty of Science". University of Sydney. Archived from the original on 19 April 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
- "Professor Glenda Sluga won ARC Australian Laureate Fellowships". University of Sydney. 10 July 2013. Archived from the original on 10 July 2013. Retrieved 1 November 2020.
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- "University congratulates new Laureate fellows and Linkage Project awardees". University of Melbourne. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- "Ground-breaking work design researcher wins ARC Laureate Fellowship". University of Western Australia. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- Hollick, Victoria (6 May 2016). "ARC Laureate Fellowship for wireless communications specialist". University of Sydney. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- "ANU wins three Australian Laureate Fellowships". Australian National University. 5 June 2017. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
- "Australian laureate fellowships for two Monash researchers". Monash University. 2 August 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "UQ soars with a record-breaking six laureates". University of Queensland. 2 August 2018. Retrieved 3 May 2020.
- "Monash academics awarded Australian Research Council Laureate Fellowships". Monash University. 12 September 2019. Retrieved 2 May 2020.
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- "2020 Laureate Profile: Professor Marueen Dollard". Retrieved 9 July 2020.
- "2020 Laureate Profile: Professor Catherine Lovelock". Retrieved 9 July 2020.