Australia Service Medal 1939–1945
|Australia Service Medal 1939–1945|
Obverse and reverse of the medal
|Awarded by Australia|
|Awarded for||Service in World War II|
|Total awarded||Circa 600,000, including awards made post 1996|
|Related||Australian Service Medal 1945–1975, Australian Active Service Medal 1945–1975|
Initially, the qualifying period was at least 18 months full-time service at home or overseas, or at least three years part-time service, between 3 September 1939 and 2 September 1945. There was no minimum qualifying period for those killed, wounded or disabled due to service. On 16 August 1996, the qualifying period was reduced to 30 days for full-time service and 90 days for part-time service.
In addition to the Australia Service Medal, Australian Forces qualified for the campaign stars and medals authorised for British and Commonwealth Forces.
- The Australia Service Medal 1939–1945 is a circular cupro-nickel medal, 36 millimetres (1.4 in) in diameter.
- The obverse bears the crowned effigy of King George VI, surrounded by the inscription 'GEORGIVS VI D:G:BR:OMN:REX ET INDIAE IMP'.
- The reverse shows the coat of arms of the Commonwealth of Australia surrounded by the words 'THE AUSTRALIA SERVICE MEDAL 1939–1945'.
- The 32 millimetres (1.3 in) wide medal ribbon has a wide khaki central stripe, flanked by two narrow red stripes, with edge stripes of dark blue on the left and light blue on the right. The khaki represents the Army, and the red, dark blue and light blue represent the Mercantile Marine, Navy and Air Force respectively.
Medals were awarded with the recipient's name impressed on the rim.
- John W. Mussell, editor (2015). Medal Yearbook 2015. Token Publishing Limited, Honiton, Devon. p. 193.
- H. Taprell Dorling (1956). Ribbons and Medals. A. H. Baldwin & Son, London. p. 102.
- Joslin, Litherland and Simpkin (1988). British Battles and Medals. Spink, London. p. 256.
- "Defence Honours & Awards". Australian Department of Defence. Retrieved 29 December 2017.