Australian cricket team in England in 1981

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The tour by the Australian cricket team in England in 1981 included the 51st Ashes series of Test matches between Australia and England. Despite having been 1–0 down after two Tests, England won the next three Tests to finish 3–1 victors (with two draws), thus retaining the Ashes. The series is popularly known as Botham's Ashes, owing to the remarkable performances of Ian Botham with both bat and ball.

Australian Squad[edit]

Australia's captain Greg Chappell made himself unavailable for selection. The Australian squad selected for the tour was as follows:

Replacements[edit]

Mike Whitney was called up as a replacement during the tour.

Test series summary[edit]

First Test[edit]

18–21 June 1981
Scorecard
v
185 (56.4 overs)
MW Gatting 52 (117)
TM Alderman 4/68 (24 overs)
179 (86.5 overs)
AR Border 63 (204)
GR Dilley 3/38 (20 overs)
125 (38.4 overs)
IT Botham 33 (38)
DK Lillee 5/46 (16.4 overs)
132/6 (54.1 overs)
J Dyson 38 (89)
GR Dilley 4/24 (11.1 overs)
Australia won by 4 wickets
Trent Bridge, Nottingham
Umpires: WE Alley and DJ Constant
Player of the match: DK Lillee (Aus)
  • Australia won the toss and elected to field.
  • TM Alderman and TM Chappell (Aus) made their Test debuts.
  • It was Australia's first win at Trent Bridge since 1948.

Second Test[edit]

2–7 July 1981
Scorecard
v
311 (124.1 overs)
P Willey 82 (181)
GF Lawson 7/81 (43.1 overs)
345 (118.4 overs)
AR Border 64 (164)
RGD Willis 3/50 (27.4 overs)
265/8d (98.4 overs)
DI Gower 89 (207)
RJ Bright 3/67 (36 overs)
90/4 (48.5 overs)
GM Wood 62* (131)
GR Dilley 2/18 (7.5 overs)
Match drawn
Lord's, London
Umpires: DO Oslear and KE Palmer
Player of the match: GF Lawson (Aus)
  • Australia won the toss and elected to field.
  • 5 July was taken as a rest day.
  • RA Woolmer (Eng) retired hurt on 13* from 83/2 to 284/5 in England's first innings.

Third Test[edit]

16–21 July 1981
Scorecard
v
401/9d (155.2 overs)
J Dyson 102 (234)
IT Botham 6/95 (39.2 overs)
174 (50.5 overs)
IT Botham 50 (54)
DK Lillee 4/49 (18.5 overs)
111 (36.1 overs)
J Dyson 34 (83)
RGD Willis 8/43 (15.1 overs)
356 (f/o) (87.3 overs)
IT Botham 149* (148)
TM Alderman 6/135 (35.3 overs)
England won by 18 runs
Headingley, Leeds
Umpires: DO Oslear and KE Palmer
Player of the match: IT Botham (Eng)
  • Australia won the toss and elected to bat.
  • 19 July was taken as a rest day
  • This was only the second time in Test history that a side won after following on.

Fourth Test[edit]

30 July – 2 August 1981
Scorecard
v
189 (69.1 overs)
JM Brearley 48 (109)
TM Alderman 5/42 (23.1 overs)
258 (86.5 overs)
KJ Hughes 47 (101)
JE Embury 4/43 (26.5 overs)
219 (92 overs)
MW Gatting 39 (71)
RJ Bright 5/68 (34 overs)
121 (67 overs)
AR Border 40 (175)
IT Botham 5/11 (14 overs)
England won by 29 runs
Edgbaston, Birmingham
Umpires: HD Bird and DO Oslear
Player of the match: IT Botham (Eng)
  • England won the toss and elected to bat.
  • MF Kent (Aus) made his Test debut.
  • IT Botham (Eng) took 5 wickets for 1 run in 28 balls during Australia's 2nd innings.

Fifth Test[edit]

13–17 August 1981
Scorecard
v
231 (86.1 overs)
CJ Tavaré 69 (193)
DK Lillee 4/55 (24.1 overs)
130 (30.2 overs)
MF Kent 52 (45)
RGD Willis 4/63 (14 overs)
404 (151.4 overs)
IT Botham 118 (102)
TM Alderman 5/109 (52 overs)
402 (135.5 overs)
AR Border 123* (356)
RGD Willis 3/96 (30.5 overs)
England won by 103 runs
Old Trafford, Manchester
Umpires: DJ Constant and KE Palmer
Player of the match: IT Botham (Eng)
  • England won the toss and elected to bat.
  • MR Whitney (Aus) and PJW Allott (England) made their Test debuts.

Sixth Test[edit]

27 August – 1 September 1981
Scorecard
v
352 (132 overs)
AR Border 106* (230)
IT Botham 6/125 (47 overs)
314 (110.4 overs)
G Boycott 137 (321)
DK Lillee 7/89 (31.4 overs)
344/9d (104.2 overs)
DM Wellham 103 (221)
M Hendrick 4/82 (29.2 overs)
261/7 (95 overs)
APE Knott 70* (138)
DK Lillee 4/70 (30 overs)
Match drawn
The Oval, London
Umpires: HD Bird and BJ Meyer
Player of the match: DK Lillee (Aus)
  • England won the toss and elected to field.
  • 30 August was taken as a rest day.
  • DM Wellham (Aus) and PWG Parker (Eng) made their Test debuts.

Test series[edit]

Although the two teams were generally disappointing by the world standards being set by West Indies at that time, the 1981 Ashes is nevertheless widely regarded as one of the most entertaining Test series ever due to the see-sawing nature of both the individual games and the series as a whole.

England won the series 3–1 despite being 1–0 down after the first two Tests. Before the third Test at Headingley, the inspirational Mike Brearley was reinstated as England captain, replacing Ian Botham, whose 12-Test tenure as captain had been winless and whose previously excellent form with both bat and ball had fallen away (he had made a pair in the second Test at Lord's).

A galvanised Botham took 6 for 95 in Australia's first innings and scored 50 in England's, but Australia nonetheless compiled 401 for 9 declared (John Dyson scoring 102) and bowled England out for 174, thus forcing England to follow on 227 runs in arrears. Despite a stubborn 46 from Geoff Boycott, in the second innings Botham came to the crease with England on 105 for 5, still requiring 122 runs to avoid an innings defeat. He played an outstanding innings of 149 not out, sharing partnerships of 117 with Graham Dilley for the eighth wicket, 67 with Chris Old for the ninth and 37 with Bob Willis for the tenth, to set Australia a target of 130. Australia then reached 56 for 1, seemingly well set, before Brearley switched Willis' bowling end to allow him to bowl down the slope. Willis bowled a superb spell of 8 for 43 to dismiss Australia for 111; England became only the second team in Test Match history to win a match after being made to follow on.[1]

The fourth Test at Edgbaston was a similarly inspired comeback victory for England. England conceded a 69-run first innings deficit, and set Australia a target of only 151 in the fourth innings. Australia reached 105 for 4 before Botham took five for 11, including a spell of five wickets for a solitary run, to end Australia's second innings at 121 and give England victory by 29 runs.

England also went on to win the fifth Test at Old Trafford to retain the Ashes, including another century for Botham (who reached his hundred in 86 balls). Botham scored 118 from 102 balls, dominating a chalk-and-cheese partnership of 149 with Chris Tavaré, who blocked his way to 78 from 289 balls. Botham's innings included 6 sixes, which was an Ashes record until Kevin Pietersen's innings of 158 at The Oval in the 2005 Ashes series. Second-innings centuries from Allan Border and Graham Yallop could not avert defeat.

The sixth Test at the Oval was drawn, with Dennis Lillee taking 11 wickets in the match and Botham taking 10.

One Day International matches[edit]

Three ODIs were played on this tour prior to the Test series. Australia took the series 2–1, winning at Edgbaston and Headingley, after losing the first match at Lord's.

Visit to Sri Lanka[edit]

The Australian team visited Sri Lanka in May 1981 en route to England. They played three limited overs matches and one first-class match against the Sri Lanka national cricket team, which at that time was on the eve of achieving Test status.

The first-class match was played at Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium in Colombo and ended in a draw after being badly affected by the weather.

References[edit]

External sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Playfair Cricket Annual 1982
  • Wisden Cricketers Almanack 1982