Australian one dollar coin

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One Dollar
Australia
Value 1.00 AUD
Mass 9.00 g
Diameter 25.00 mm
Thickness 3.00 mm
Edge interrupted milled 0.25 mm 77 notches
Composition 92% Copper, 6% Aluminium, 2% Nickel
Years of minting 1984–present
Catalog number
Obverse
Design Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia
Designer Ian Rank-Broadley
Design date 1999
Reverse
Australian $1 Coin.png
Design Five Kangaroos
Designer Stuart Devlin
Design date 1983

The Australian one-dollar coin is the second-most-valuable circulation denomination coin of the Australian dollar after the two-dollar coin; there are also non-circulating legal-tender coins of higher denominations (five-, ten-, two-hundred-dollar coins[1] and the one-million-dollar coin[2]).

It was first issued on 14 May 1984[3] to replace the one-dollar note which was then in circulation, although plans to introduce a dollar coin had existed since the 1970s.[3] The first year of minting saw 186.3 million of the coins produced at the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra.[3]

Three portraits of Queen Elizabeth II have featured on the obverse, the 1984 head of Queen Elizabeth II by Arnold Machin; between 1985 and 1998 the head by Raphael Maklouf; and since 1999 the head by Ian Rank-Broadley. The coin features an inscription on its obverse of AUSTRALIA on the right-hand side and ELIZABETH II on the left-hand side.

The reverse features five kangaroos. The image was designed by Stuart Devlin, who designed Australia's first decimal coins in 1966.

Commemorative issue[edit]

The Royal Australian Mint has released a number of commemorative issued coins since the Australian $1 was released in 1984, some of which were not released into circulation. Circulated coins have their mintage within brackets.[3]

  • 1986: International Year of Peace (25,200,000)
  • 1988: Figure with Koori Kangaroo for 200 years of English colonisation (21,600,000)
  • 1992: Barcelona Olympics
  • 1993: Landcare Australia (18,200,000)
  • 1994: Tenth anniversary of the $1 coin
  • 1995: Waltzing Matilda
  • 1996: Sir Henry Parkes (26,200,000)
  • 1997: Sir Charles Kingsford Smith, coin A (24,400,000)
  • 1997: Sir Charles Kingsford Smith, coin B
  • 1998: Howard Florey
  • 1999: Year of Older Persons (29,300,000)
  • 1999: The last ANZACs
  • 2000: HMAS Sydney II
  • 2000: Victoria Cross
  • 2000: Sydney Olympics (Olymphilex)
  • 2001: 100 years of Federation (27,900,000)
  • 2001: International Year of the Volunteer (6,000,000)
  • 2001: 80th Anniversary of the Royal Australian Air Force
  • 2001: 90th Anniversary of the Royal Australian Navy
  • 2001: 100th Anniversary of the Australian Army
  • 2002: Year of the Outback (35,400,000)
  • 2003: Centenary of women's suffrage (10,000,000)
  • 2003: Australia's Volunteers (4,100,000)
  • 2003: 50th Anniversary of the end of the Korean War
  • 2003: Vietnam War
  • 2004: Eureka
  • 2005: The Dancing Man—60 years since World War II (34,200,000)
  • 2005: 90th Anniversary of Gallipoli
  • 2006: 50 Years of Television
  • 2006: Melbourne Commonwealth Games
  • 2006: Ashes Coin
  • 2006: Ocean Series Collection—Clown Fish
  • 2007: APEC Australia 2007 (20,100,000)
  • 2007: Ocean Series Collection—Biscuit Star
  • 2007: Ocean Series Collection—Longfin Bannerfish
  • 2007: Ocean Series Collection—Shark
  • 2007: 4th International Polar Year
  • 2007: 75th Anniversary of the Sydney Harbour Bridge
  • 2007: Year of the Surf Lifesaver
  • 2007: Year of the Pig Dollar
  • 2007: Ashes Dollar
  • 2007: Peacekeeping Dollar
  • 2007: Norman Lindsay
  • 2007: 50th Anniversary of the Australian Special Air Service
  • 2008: Wombat
  • 2008: International Year of Planet Earth
  • 2008: Lunar
  • 2008: Inspirational Australians: Mary MacKillop
  • 2008: Centenary of Australian Quarantine
  • 2008: 100 Years of the Australia Coat of Arms
  • 2008: Australian Football 150 Years 1858–2008
  • 2008: Centenary of Rugby League
  • 2008: Centenary of Scouting (17,200,000)
  • 2009: Inspirational Australians: Steve Irwin Dollar
  • 2009: Master Mintmark Dollar
  • 2009: Celebrating 100 Years Of Excellence Swimming
  • 2009: 60 Years of Australian Citizenship
  • 2009: Anzac Day Lest We Forget Dollar
  • 2009: Bicentenary of Australia Post
  • 2009: Centenary of Commonwealth pension
  • 2009: International Year of Astronomy
  • 2010: Burke and Wills Dollar
  • 2010: 100 Years of Australian Coinage Dollar
  • 2010: Year of the Tiger Dollar Lunar Series
  • 2010: Fred Hollows Dollar Inspirational Australian Series—Health Care
  • 2010: 100 years of the Girl Guides (1,000,000)
  • 2011: Meeting of Heads of Government of the Commonwealth, in Perth, Western Australia
  • 2011: Australian Wool Industry
  • 2011: Lunar Series—Year of the Rabbit
  • 2011: Ram Design (based on a design taken from the one shilling coin)
  • 2011: Australian Citizenship
  • 2011: Anzac Day, third Annual Release
  • 2011: 85th Birthday of Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II
  • 2011: 100 Years of the Australian Census
  • 2011: Inspirational Australians: Joan Sutherland
  • 2011: Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting
  • 2011: The Presidents Cup
  • 2011: 100th Anniversary of the Royal Australian Navy
  • 2012: Lunar Series—Year of the Dragon
  • 2012: Fields of Gold: Australian Wheat
  • 2012: Ethel Pedley
  • 2012: International Year of Co-operatives
  • 2012: Australian Open Women's Trophy
  • 2012: Australian Open Men's Trophy
  • 2012: Wheat Sheaf (based on a design taken from the three pence coin)
  • 2012: Year of the Farmer
  • 2012: Inspirational Australians: Sir Douglas Mawson
  • 2012: Discovery of Gold in Australia
  • 2012: Australian Football League Premiership
  • 2013: Bicentenary of the Holey Dollar and Dump
  • 2013: Lunar Series—Year of the Snake
  • 2013: 200 Years of the Benevolent Society
  • 2013: Inspirational Australians: Slim Dusty
  • 2013: Black Caviar Race Horse
  • 2013: 60th Anniversary of the end of the Korean War
  • 2013: 40th Anniversary of the Sydney Opera House
  • 2014: 100 Years of ANZAC (21,800,000)
  • 2015: 100 Years of ANZAC[4]
  • 2016: 50th Anniversary of Australian Decimal Currency

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "$200 Gold coin". 
  2. ^ "$1 million coin minted". smh.com.au. 2011-10-28. Retrieved 2016-11-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d "One dollar". Royal Australian Mint. 1984-05-14. Retrieved 2016-11-28. 
  4. ^ "First coin of 2015 honours the Anzac Legend". Royal Australian Mint. 

External links[edit]

Preceded by
One Dollar Note (Australian)
One Dollar (Australian)
1984–present
Succeeded by
Present