Australian one dollar coin
|Edge||interrupted milled 0.25 mm 77 notches|
|Composition||92% Copper, 6% Aluminium, 2% Nickel|
|Years of minting||1984–present|
|Design||Elizabeth II, Queen of Australia|
The Australian one dollar coin is the second-most-valuable circulation denomination coin of the Australian dollar after the two-dollar coin; there are also non-circulating legal-tender coins of higher denominations (five-, ten-, two-hundred-dollar coins and the one-million-dollar coin).
It was first issued on 14 May 1984 to replace the one-dollar note which was then in circulation, although plans to introduce a dollar coin had existed since the 1970s. The first year of minting saw 186.3 million of the coins produced at the Royal Australian Mint in Canberra.
Three portraits of Queen Elizabeth II have featured on the obverse, the 1984 head of Queen Elizabeth II by Arnold Machin; between 1985 and 1998 the head by Raphael Maklouf; and since 1999 the head by Ian Rank-Broadley. The coin features an inscription on its obverse of AUSTRALIA on the right-hand side and ELIZABETH II on the left-hand side.
The Royal Australian Mint has released a number of commemorative issued coins since the Australian $1 was released in 1984, some of which were not released into circulation.
|1986||International Year of Peace||25,200,000|
|1988||Commemoration the Australian Bicentennial||21,600,000|
|1996||Sir Henry Parkes||26,200,000|
|1997||Birth of Sir Charles Kingsford-Smith||24,400,000|
|1999||International Year of Older Persons||29,300,000|
|2001||Centenary of Federation||27,900,000|
|International Year of Volunteers||6,000,000|
|2002||Year of the Outback||35,400,000|
|Centenary of Women’s Suffrage||10,000,000|
|2005||60th Anniversary of the End of World War 2||34,200,000|
|2007||Australia’s hosting of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum||20,100,000|
|2008||Centenary of Scouting in Australia||17,200,000|
|2009||100th Year of the Age Pension||21,300,000|
|2010||Centenary of Girl Guiding in Australia||12,600,000|
|2011||Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting||9,400,000|
|Centenary of ANZAC 2014-2018||21,800,000 (2014)|
|2016||50th Anniversary of Decimal Currency||300,000*|
|"*" denotes partial numbers for 2016 - total production to be confirmed|
- "$200 Gold coin".
- "$1 million coin minted". smh.com.au. 2011-10-28. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "One dollar". Royal Australian Mint. 1984-05-14. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
- "RBA Banknotes: Legal Tender". banknotes.rba.gov.au. Retrieved 2018-07-24.
- "One Dollar". Royal Australian Mint. 8 January 2016. Retrieved 29 September 2017.
- Australian Decimal Currency
- The Australian Dollar Coin
- Australian Coins: Type Collecting
- Pictures of Australian Coins
One Dollar Note (Australian)
| One Dollar (Australian)