List of Australian place names changed from German names

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During World War I, many German or German-sounding place names in Australia were changed due to anti-German sentiment. The presence of German-derived place names was seen as an affront to the war effort at the time.

The names of locations were often Anglicised (Peterborough), given Aboriginal names (Kobandilla, Karawirra), or were named after notable soldiers (Kitchener and Holbrook) or World War I battlefields (Verdun, The Somme). This was done by local councils or the postal authorities, often as the result of a petition by locals.

In South Australia, the Nomenclature Act of 1935 restored the former German names to a number of places the names of which had been altered during World War I.

New South Wales[edit]

Old name New name Date of name change Notes
Germanton Holbrook 20 September 1915[1]
German's Hill Lidster 1 February 1916[1]
German Creek Empire Vale 1 May 1915[1]
Schlinkers Lane (Ultimo, Sydney) Bullecourt Lane

Queensland[edit]

Old name New name Date of name change Notes
Bergen Murra Murra October 1916[2]
Bergenside Neuve August 1916[2]
Bismarck Maclagan March 1916[2]
Engelsburg Kalbar July 1916[2]
Fahley Kilbirnie [2]
Friezland Kuridala [2]
Gehrkevale Mount Mort The Post Office was renamed Mount Grace in about September 1916, then Mount Mort in about November 1916[2]
German Gardens Belgian Gardens[3]
Gramzow Carbrook
Hapsburg Kowbi October 1916[2]
Hessenburg Ingoldsby September 1916[2]
Kirchheim Haigslea October 1916[2]
Marburg Townshend June 1917 reverted to Marburg in 1920[4]
Minden Frenchton October 1916 reverted to Minden in 1930[2]
Roessler Applethorpe [2]
Stegelitz Woongoolba. 6 June 1916[2]
Teutoburg Witta 1916[2]

South Australia[edit]

Many names were changed as a result of the Nomenclature Act, 1917, with the names gazetted on 1 January 1918.[5]

Old name New name Date of name change Notes
Bartsch's Creek Yedlakoo Creek reverted to Bartsch Creek 1986
Berlin Rock Panpandie Rock
Bethanien Bethany
Bismarck Weeroopa
Blumberg Birdwood 1 July 1918[6]
Blumental Lakkari
Buchsfelde[7] Loos Name restored to Buchfelde (no 's')
Cape Bauer Cape Wondoma reverted to Cape Bauer in 1948
Carlsruhe Kunden 1918
Ehrenbreitstien Mount Yerila
Ferdinand Creek[8] Ernabella Creek
Mount Ferdinand[8] Mount Warrabillinna
Friedensthal Black Hill
Friedrichstadt Tangari
Friedrichswalde Tarnma 1 July 1918[6]
Gebhardt's Hills Polygon Ridge reverted to Gebhardt Hills in 1986
German Creek Benara Creek reverted in 1986
German Pass Tappa Pass
Germantown Hill Vimy Ridge road name only reverted to Germantown Hill Road
Gottlieb's Well Parnggi Well
Grunberg Karalta reverted to Gruenberg in 1975
Grunthal Verdun 1 July 1918[6]
Hahndorf Ambleside 1 July 1918 reverted to Hahndorf in 1935[6]
Hasse's Mound Larelar Mound
Heidelberg Kobandilla
Hergott Springs Marree 1 July 1918[6]
Hildesheim Punthari 1 July 1918[6]
Hoffnungsthal Karawirra reverted to Hoffnungsthal in 1975
Hundred of Basedow[9] Hundred of French
Hundred of Homburg[10] Hundred of Haig
Hundred of Krichauff Hundred of Beatty
Hundred of Paech[11] Hundred of Cannawigara
Hundred of Pflaum[12] Hundred of Geegeela
Hundred of North Rhine Hundred of Jellicoe
Hundred of South Rhine Hundred of Jutland
Hundred of Scherk[13] Hundred of Sturdee
Hundred of Schomburgk[14] Hundred of Maude
Hundred of Von Doussa[15] Hundred of Allenby
Jaenschtown Kerkanya
Kaiserstuhl Mount Kitchener 1918 renamed Kaiser's Seat in 1975, now Kaiserstuhl once again
Klaebes Kilto
Klemzig Gaza 1 July 1918 reverted to Klemzig in 1935, but the football club retains the name Gaza[6]
Krause Rock Marti Rock
Krichauff[16] Beatty changed to Mount Mary 1940
Kronsdorf Kabminye reverted to Krondorf in 1975
Langdorf Kaldukee Now incorporated in the bounded locality of Tanunda
Langmeil Bilyara (near Tanunda) reverted to Langmeil in 1975
Lobethal Tweedvale 1 July 1918 reverted to Lobethal in 1935[6]
Mount Meyer Mount Kauto
Muller's Hill Yandina Hill
Neudorf Mamburdi reverted 1986, now part of Lobethal
Neukirch Dimchurch reverted to Neukirch in 1975
New Hamburg Willyaroo
New Mecklenburg Gomersal 1 July 1918[6]
Oliventhal Olivedale Now part of Birdwood
Petersburg Peterborough 1 July 1918[6] The Petersburg Times resisted the change until 1919, and did so under protest.[17]
Rhine Park Kongolia
Rhine Hill Mons Hill
Rhine River (North) The Somme changed to Somme Creek 1971
Rhine River (South) The Marne changed to Marne River 1971
Rhine Villa Cambrai 1 July 1918[6]
Rosenthal Rosedale 1 July 1918[6]
Schoenthal Boongala reverted 1986, now incorporated in the bounded locality of Charleston
Seppelts[18] Dorrien Now incorporated into the bounded locality of Nuriootpa
Schreiberhau Warre reverted 1975
Siegersdorf Bultawilta reverted to Siegersdorf in 1975, now incorporated into the bounded locality of Tanunda
Steinfeld Stonefield 1 July 1918[6] reverted 1986
Summerfeldt Summerfield Now incorporated into the bounded locality of Palmer
Vogelsang's Corner Teerkoore 1 July 1918[6] reverted to Vogelsang Corner 1986, now incorporated into the bounded locality of Geranium Plains
Wusser's Nob Karun Nob reverted to Wusser Nob in 1983

Tasmania[edit]

Old name New name Date of name change Notes
Bismarck Collinsvale 1 July 1915[19]
German Town Lilydale

Victoria[edit]

Old name New name Date of name change Notes
Germantown Grovedale 1 March 1916[20]
Hochkirch Tarrington 1 March 1918[20]
Mount Bismarck Mount Kitchener
Reinholtz's PO Reynold's PO 5 November 1920[20]
Waldkirch Freshwater Creek (Anglesea Road, south-west of Grovedale)
Weinberg Road, Hawthorn Wattle Road
West Prussia Road, Wantirna Wantirna Road
Grünwald Arkona
Bismarck Avenue, Surrey Hills Warwick Avenue December 1918[21]

Western Australia[edit]

Old name New name Date of name change Notes
Heidelberg Bickley [22]
Mueller Park Kitchener Park reverted to Mueller Park 1981

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- NSW". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Queensland". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  3. ^ "CHANGE FOR THE BETTER.". Cairns Post (Qld. : 1909 - 1954) (Qld.: National Library of Australia). 13 January 1915. p. 4. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  4. ^ "Marburg (entry 20917)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  5. ^ "NOMENCLATURE ACT, 1917. Change of Place Names" (PDF), The South Australian Government Gazette, p. 37 (PDF page 5), 10 January 1918, retrieved 28 April 2016 – via AustLII 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- South Australia". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  7. ^ Named for geologist and philanthropist Leopold von Buch
  8. ^ a b Named by Ernest Giles for botanist Ferdinand von Mueller.
  9. ^ Named for M. F. Basedow MHA, MLC.
  10. ^ Named for Robert Homburg MHA.
  11. ^ Named for Friedrich Paech MHA.
  12. ^ Named for Friedrich Pflaum MHA
  13. ^ Named for Johann Scherk MHA
  14. ^ Named for Moritz Richard Schomburgk, director of Adelaide Botanic Garden
  15. ^ Named for Alfred von Doussa MLC.
  16. ^ Named for F. E. H. W. Krichauff MLC.
  17. ^ "Our New Title". The Times and Northern Advertiser, Peterborough, South Australia (National Library of Australia). 9 May 1919. p. 2. Retrieved 16 April 2015. 
  18. ^ Named for winemaker Joseph Ernst Seppelt
  19. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Tasmania". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  20. ^ a b c Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- Victoria". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 
  21. ^ "Camberwell City Council". Camberwell and Hawthorn Advertiser. 1918-12-20. Retrieved 2014-11-27. 
  22. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List- WA". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 2011-05-26. 

External links[edit]