Australian referendum, 1913

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The 1913 Australian Referendum was held on 31 May 1913. It contained six referendum questions and was held in conjunction with the 1913 federal election.

Background[edit]

Having failed with the 1911 referendum, the Attorney-General, Billy Hughes, tried again, breaking each of the changes into separate questions. The changes were said to be necessary because the Commonwealth's powers had been cut down by successive decision of the High Court in applying the inter-governmental immunities and reserved state powers doctrines until they were said to be futile. The cases referred to by the Attorney-General were:[1]

The results[edit]

Results [13]
Question NSW Vic Qld SA WA Tas States in favour Voters in favour Result
(6) Trade and Commerce 46.93% 49.12% 54.34% 51.32% 52.86% 45.16% 3:3 49.38% Not carried
(7) Corporations 46.79% 49.14% 54.31% 51.34% 52.84% 45.08% 3:3 49.33% Not carried
(8) Industrial Matters 46.88% 49.02% 54.36% 51.40% 52.71% 45.20% 3:3 49.33% Not carried
(9) Trusts 47.12% 49.71% 54.78% 51.67% 53.59% 45.38% 3:3 49.78% Not carried
(10) Nationalisation of Monopolies 46.85% 49.07% 54.17% 51.26% 53.19% 45.22% 3:3 49.33% Not carried
(11) Railway Disputes 46.70% 48.79% 54.19% 51.28% 52.38% 45.01% 3:3 49.13% Not carried

Aftermath[edit]

Writs were issued for a further referendum to be held on 11 December 1915 to cover substantially the same questions as were rejected in 1911 and 1913,[14] however the referendum was cancelled and the writs withdrawn.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Billy HughesAttorney-General (19 November 1912). "Constitution Alteration (Trade and Commerce) Bill". Parliamentary Debates (Hansard). Commonwealth of Australia: House of Representatives. pp. 5607–5609. 
  2. ^ Attorney-General for NSW v Brewery Employees Union of NSW (Union label case) [1908] HCA 94, (1910) 6 CLR 469.
  3. ^ Huddart, Parker & Co Ltd v Moorehead [1909] HCA 36, (1909) 8 CLR 330.
  4. ^ SS Kalibia v Wilson [1910] HCA 77, (1910) 11 CLR 689.
  5. ^ Melbourne Steamship Co Ltd v Moorehead [1912] HCA 69, (1912) 15 CLR 333.
  6. ^ Federated Amalgamated Government Railway & Tramway Service Association v NSW Rail Traffic Employees Association (Railway servants Case) [1906] HCA 94, (1906) 4 CLR 488.
  7. ^ Jumbunna Coal Mine NL v Victorian Coal Miners’ Association [1908] HCA 95, (1908) 6 CLR 309.
  8. ^ R v Commonwealth Court of Conciliation and Arbitration; Ex parte BHP [1909] HCA 20, (1909) 8 CLR 419.
  9. ^ Federated Sawmill Employees Association v James Moore & Sons Pty Ltd [1909] HCA 43, (1909) 8 CLR 465.
  10. ^ Australian Boot Trade Employees' Federation v Whybrow & Co [1910] HCA 53, (1910) 11 CLR 311.
  11. ^ Federated Engine Drivers' & Firemen's Association of Australasia v Broken Hill Pty Co Ltd [1911] HCA 31, (1911) 12 CLR 398.
  12. ^ R v Barger [1908] HCA 43, (1908) 6 CLR 41.
  13. ^ Handbook of the 44th Parliament (2014) "Part 5 - Referendums and Plebiscites - Referendum results". Parliamentary Library of Australia. Archived from the original on 29 September 2017. .
  14. ^ Amendment of Constitution, Federal referendums, the case for and against. Chief Electoral Officer for the Commonwealth. 16 September 1915. 
  15. ^ Referendum (Constitution Alteration) (No 2) 1915 (Cth)

Further reading[edit]