1913 Australian referendum (Monopolies)
The Constitution Alteration (Nationalization of Monopolies) Bill 1912, was an unsuccessful Australian referendum held in the 1913 referendums which sought to alter the Australian Constitution to give the Commonwealth legislative power in respect to monopolies.
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Do you approve of the proposed law for the alteration of the Constitution entitled 'Constitution Alteration (Nationalization of Monopolies) 1912'?
The proposal was to alter the text of section 51 of the Constitution to read as follows:
51a. (1) When each House of the Parliament, in the same session, has by resolution, passed by an absolute majority of its members, declared that the industry or business of producing, manufacturing, or supplying any specified services, is the subject of a monopoly, the Parliament shall have power to make laws for carrying on the industry or business by or under the control of the Commonwealth, and acquiring for that purpose on just terms any property used in connexion with the industry or business.
- (2) This section shall not apply to any industry or business conducted or carried on by the Government of a State or any public authority constituted under a State.
|State |||On rolls||Ballots issued||For||Against||Informal||Result|
|New South Wales||1,036,187||717,855||301,192||46.85||341,724||53.15||73,683||No|
|Total for Commonwealth||2,760,216||2,033,251||917,165||49.33||941,947||50.67||171,658||No|
|Obtained majority in three States and an overall minority of 24,782 votes.|
The 1911 referendum asked a single question that dealt with the acquisition of monopolies. This resolution separated laws in relation to monopolies and the acquisition of monopolies into different questions. Like its forebear, neither resolution was carried. On each of the many occasions a similar question was asked at a referendum the public decided not to vest power in the Commonwealth over these matters.
- "Constitution Alteration (Nationalization of Monopolies) Bill 1912". Retrieved 22 April 2019 – via legislation.gov.au.
- "Notification of the receipt of a Writ for a Referendum". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (30). 25 April 1913. pp. 1097–9 – via www.legislation.gov.au..
- "Result of the Referendum". Commonwealth of Australia Gazette (55). 2 August 1913. p. 1792 – via www.legislation.gov.au..
- Handbook of the 44th Parliament (2014) "Part 5 - Referendums and Plebiscites - Referendum results". Parliamentary Library of Australia. Archived from the original on 29 September 2017..
- Standing Committee on Legislative and Constitutional Affairs (1997) Constitutional Change: Select sources on Constitutional change in Australia 1901–1997. Australian Government Printing Service, Canberra.
- Bennett, Scott (2003). Research Paper no. 11 2002–03: The Politics of Constitutional Amendment Australian Department of the Parliamentary Library, Canberra.
- Australian Electoral Commission (2007) Referendum Dates and Results 1906 – Present AEC, Canberra.