Australian referendum, 1977
The 1977 Australian Referendum was held on 21 May 1977. It contained four referendum questions and one non-binding plebiscite.
|Question||NSW||Vic||Qld||SA||WA||Tas||Majority of states?||Majority of voters?||Result|
|(33) Simultaneous Elections||Yes||Yes||No||Yes||No||No||No||Yes||Not carried|
|(34) Senate Casual Vacancies||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Carried|
|(36) Retirement of Judges||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Carried|
This referendum had a particularly strong 'Yes' vote. All but one of the referendum questions was carried, and the only one to not be carried had a clear national majority, but was held back by not achieving a majority of the states. No referendum since then has been successful.
|National Song (Song with most votes)||Advance Australia Fair||Advance Australia Fair||Advance Australia Fair||Song of Australia||Advance Australia Fair||Advance Australia Fair||Waltzing Matilda||Advance Australia Fair||Advance Australia Fair|
The four referendum questions were only voted on in the states; voters in the territories only gained the right to vote on constitutional changes as a result of the Referendums amendment passing. Voters in the territories, however, were able to vote on the plebiscite.
- Handbook of the 44th Parliament (2014) "Part 5 - Referendums and Plebiscites - Referendum results". Parliamentary Library of Australia..
- Standing Committee on Legislative and Constitutional Affairs (1997) Constitutional Change: Select sources on Constitutional change in Australia 1901–1997. Australian Government Printing Service, Canberra.
- Handbook of the 44th Parliament (2014) "Part 5 - Referendums and Plebiscites". Parliamentary Library of Australia.
- Bennett, Scott (2003). Research Paper no. 11 2002–03: The Politics of Constitutional Amendment Australian Department of the Parliamentary Library, Canberra.
- Australian Electoral Commission (2007) Referendum Dates and Results 1906 – Present AEC, Canberra.