Australian ten-dollar note
|Value||10 Australian dollars|
|Security features||Window, Watermark|
|Years of printing||1993–94, 1996–98, 2002–03, 2006–2008, 2012–2013, 2015|
|Design||Andrew Barton (Banjo) Paterson|
|Design date||20 September 2017|
|Design date||20 September 2017|
The Australian ten dollar banknote was issued when the currency was changed from the Australian pound to the Australian dollar on 17 February 1966; it replaced the £5 note which had similar blue colouration. There have been four different issues of this denomination, a paper banknote, a commemorative hipolymer note to celebrate the bicentennial of Australian settlement (the first polymer banknote of its kind), the 1993-2017 polymer note, and from September 2017 a polymer note featuring a transparent window.
According to Reserve Bank of Australia statistics, as at June 2016 there were 120 million $10 notes in circulation, with a net value of $1.196 billion. This was 2% of the cash value of all banknotes in circulation, and 8% of the number of all banknotes in circulation.
Since the start of issue of $10 notes, there have been eleven signature combinations, of which the 1967 issue is the most valued. It was issued for one year only, along with the Coombs/Wilson issue of 1966.
Following the issue of a new $5 note in September 2016, the RBA revealed the design for the $10 note and was issued on the 20th of September, 2017.
From 1966–1974 the main title identifying the country was Commonwealth of Australia; there were 470,000,000 notes issued in this period. This was subsequently changed to Australia until the end of issue of paper currency for this denomination in 1993, with 1,265,959,091 of these notes being printed. In the 1988 polymer issue 17,500,000 banknotes were printed and was the new Australia's 10 dollar note.
- Paper note
The people depicted on the paper note issue were Francis Greenway on the obverse along with public building he helped construct, and Henry Lawson on the reverse with his poetry and scenes of the outback gold mining town of Gulgong in the 19th century including the Times Bakery.
- Polymer note
The polymer note, designed by Max Robinson, features Andrew Barton (Banjo) Paterson on the obverse with a horse from the Snowy Mountains region, and a wattle plant, also included is his signature. His poetry is in the background. Dame Mary Gilmore is on the reverse with 19th-century heavy transport with horse and cart and verses from her poetry. Her signature is included. A windmill is in the clear window with the raised wavy lines. The $10 note of 2017 retains the themes of the original, with this issue featuring the Bramble Wattle (Acacia victoriae) and the Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua galerita).
- 1988 Commemorative note
Obverse design included the sailing ship HMS Supply anchored at Sydney Cove with the early colony in the background. Above are people who symbolise all who have contributed to Australia, from left the early settlers to right the modern working man.
Reverse includes portraits of the aboriginal population, the main picture is a young native youth with ceremonial paint, and in the background is a Morning Star Pole, other Aboriginal artworks commissioned by the Bank and a human like figure from Dreamtime.
The paper design included a watermark in the white field of Captain James Cook, the watermark was also used in the last issue of pound banknotes. A metallic strip, first near the centre of the note, then from 1976 moved to the left side on the obverse of the note. Polymer issue includes a shadow image of the coat of arms which is printed over. Embossing or a raised image in the clear window of wavy lines. Also for this issue fluorescent colouring was added to the serial numbers. A star with four points on the obverse and three on the reverse which join under light. Raised print and micro printing of the poem The Man from Snowy River and the denomination value are included.
- "DISTRIBUTION-CIRCULATION AND PRODUCTION STATISTICS, AS AT END JUNE 2016". banknotes.rba.gov.au. Reserve Bank of Australia. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
- Next Generation of Banknotes: $10 Design Reveal Reserve Bank of Australia (www.rba.gov.au). February 17, 2017. Retrieved on 2017-02-18.
- Australia's first decimal currency notes Archived 22 August 2005 at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 20 January 2008
- NEXT GENERATION BANKNOTE PROGRAM Reserve Bank of Australia (www.rba.gov.au). Retrieved on 2017-02-18.
- First polymer note Archived 19 August 2006 at the Wayback Machine. retrieved 24 August 2006