Australidelphia

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Australidelphia
Temporal range: Late Paleocene to present
Sumpfwallabycele4.jpg
A swamp wallaby
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Superorder: Australidelphia
Orders

Australidelphia is the superorder that contains roughly three-quarters of all marsupials, including all those native to Australasia and a single species[i] from South America (all other American marsupials are members of the Ameridelphia). Analysis of retrotransposon insertion sites in the nuclear DNA of a variety of marsupials has shown that the South American monito del monte's lineage is the most basal of the superorder.[1][2] The Australian australidelphians form a clade, for which the name Euaustralidelphia ("true Australidelphia") has been proposed (the branching order within this group is yet to be determined).[2] The study also showed that the most basal of all marsupial orders are the other two South American groups (Didelphimorphia and Paucituberculata, with the former probably branching first). This indicates that Australidelphia arose in South America along with the other major divisions of extant marsupials, and likely reached Australia via Antarctica in a single dispersal event after Microbiotheria split off.[1][2]

Phylogeny[edit]

Phylogeny of living Australidelphia based on the work of May-Collado, Kilpatrick & Agnarsson 2015[3] with extinct clades from Black et al. 2012[4]

Australidelphia

Microbiotheria


Woodburnodontidae



Microbiotheriidae



Eometatheria

Polyprotodontia

Notoryctemorphia

Notoryctidae



Peramelemorphia

Yaraloidea

Yaralidae


Perameloidea


Thylacomyidae




Peramelidae




Chaeropodidae



Peroryctidae






Dasyuromorphia


Thylacinidae




Myrmecobiidae



Dasyuridae






Diprotodontia

Vombatiformes

Phascolarctimorphia

Phascolarctidae


Vombatimorphia


Thylacoleonidae




?†Wynyardiidae



Ilariidae




Maradidae




Vombatidae




Palorchestidae



Diprotodontidae








Phalangerida

Phalangeriformes

Burramyoidea

Burramyidae


Phalangeroidea


Phalangeridae




?†Pilkipildridae




Ektopodontidae



Miralinidae






Macropodiformes

Petauroidea


Acrobatidae




Tarsipedidae




Petauridae



Pseudocheiridae





Macropodoidea


?†Balbaridae




Hypsiprymnodontidae




Potoroidae



Macropodidae










Taxonomy[edit]

The orders within this group are listed below:

References[edit]

  1. ^ The monito del monte or colocolo opossum, Dromiciops gliroides


  1. ^ a b Schiewe, Jessie (2010-07-28). "Australia's marsupials originated in what is now South America, study says". LATimes.Com. Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 1 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-01.  External link in |work= (help)
  2. ^ a b c Nilsson, M. A.; Churakov, G.; Sommer, M.; Van Tran, N.; Zemann, A.; Brosius, J.; Schmitz, J. (2010-07-27). Penny, David, ed. "Tracking Marsupial Evolution Using Archaic Genomic Retroposon Insertions". PLoS Biology. Public Library of Science. 8 (7): e1000436. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1000436. PMC 2910653Freely accessible. PMID 20668664. 
  3. ^ May-Collado; et al. (2015). "Mammals from 'down under': a multi-gene species-level phylogeny of marsupial mammals (Mammalia, Metatheria)". PeerJ. 3 (e805). doi:10.7717/peerj.805. 
  4. ^ Black; et al. (2012). "35 The rise of Australian marsupials: a synopsis of biostratigraphic, phylogenetic, palaeoecologic and palaeobiogeographic Understanding". Springer Netherlands: 983–1078. doi:10.1007/978-90-481-3428-1_35. ISBN 9789048134274.