Australind, Western Australia
|Population||11,954 (2011 census)|
|• Density||1,638/km2 (4,241/sq mi)|
|Area||7.3 km2 (2.8 sq mi)|
|Location||12 km (7 mi) from Bunbury|
|LGA(s)||Shire of Harvey|
Australind is a town in the Shire of Harvey, Western Australia, and can be found 12 km north-east of Bunbury's central business district. Its local government area is the Shire of Harvey. At the 2011 census, Australind had a population of 11,954.
Prior to European settlement, the area was home to the Wardandi people. Early explorers found them to be timid and settlers found them excellent trackers, and many of them found employment on farms. The first sighting of the coast was by Captain A. P. Jonk in the VOC ship Emeloort, who sighted land at 33°12' S (most likely opposite the estuary from Australind) on 24 February 1658 while looking for the Vergulde Draeck, but did not land. A few months later, the Elburg, under Capt. J. P. Peereboom, anchored off what is now Bunbury. Peerboom met three Aborigines, and returned to Batavia on 16 July 1658. In 1802–03, Nicolas Baudin visited the coast and explored the estuary and nearby rivers. He named Point Casuarina in Bunbury after one of his ships Casuarina, and the Leschenault Inlet after on-board botanist Jean Baptiste Leschenault de la Tour.
The name Australind is a combination of Australia and India, which was chosen due to the belief that the area could be used for breeding horses for the British Indian Army, as was later done at Cervantes, Northampton and Madura. In 1840, the Western Australian Land Company purchased 103,000 acres (420 km2) of land with a plan to create an English-style village populated by settlers. The area had been mapped in 1831 by John Septimus Roe and explored by land by Lieutenant Henry Bunbury in 1836. A detailed plan of the town included a town square, church, a school, stores, a mill and a public hall. Marshall Clifton, who arrived on the Parkfield in 1841, was appointed leader of the 440 settlers. However, in January 1841, the Swan River Colony's Methodist minister Rev. John Smithies wrote in the following terms to the Wesleyan Missionary Society in London:
If any of your friends are thinking of Austral-Ind as a point of emigration tell them to Stop. It is one of the greatest puffs that there has been for some time. I should be sorry if any of our Methodist friends or others should be so deluded as to embark for such a place.:p161
Before long, the settlement began to fail owing to poor soils and climate — no water in summer and too much of it in winter — and the settlers drifted away. Little of the planned town was ever developed. The company folded, the land was mostly resumed by the Crown, and the settlement plans were officially abandoned in 1875.
A bridge was built over the Brunswick River to allow nearby settlers to make use of the township's services, so that in the 1860s, Australind was surviving with a school, post office and store. However, growth was negligible and, in the 1890s, construction of the Perth to Bunbury railway via Pinjarra shifted the focus of development to agricultural and timber towns further inland. The population of Australind fell to 33 (15 males and 18 females) in 1898. In the 1971 census, just 418 people lived in the Australind area.
The Parkfield name lives on in a nearby rural locality and in a primary school in northern Australind. A handful of historic buildings, including St Nicholas Church (1848) and Henton Cottage (1841) on Paris Road, and Clifton's former residence Upton House (1847) on Old Coast Road, still exist in the town. St Nicholas Church, originally a worker's cottage, is 3.6 metres in width and 8.2 metres in length, and is believed to be the smallest church in Australia, while Henton Cottage was the town's first hotel.
In the 20th century, the district's residential and recreational appeal gradually attracted more development as Bunbury expanded to become a city. The Bunbury Golf Course was built in 1948 at nearby Clifton Park. Industries including a titanium dioxide pigment factory and waste-water plant were established there, and suburban development as part of "Greater Bunbury" saw the town quadruple in size by 1981.
A primary school opened in 1980, relieving pressure on that of nearby Eaton, and was followed by a high school which opened in 1987. New residential estates opened, and in the mid-1980s the State Government and the Shire of Harvey made plans to relocate most of the industries to a new industrial park at nearby Kemerton. By 2001, Australind was predominantly residential, the census reporting over 10,000 residents, more than half of whom were first- or second-generation British immigrants, with a notable Italian minority.
Australind is bordered to the south by the Collie River, to the west by the Leschenault Estuary and to the east by the Brunswick River. It includes the estates of Galway Green and Clifton Park. The suburbs of Leschenault and Kemerton have seceded from Australind since the 1980s.
James Battye described the area thus:
Australind is beautifully situated on the eastern side of Leschenault Inlet, at a distance of about six miles (10 km) from Koombanah Bay, or, as it has been generally called, Port Leschenault, a good roadstead, within Point Casuarina, at the eastern extremity of Geographe Bay. The bay is open only from north or north and by east to west-north-west or west and by north; but as there is a strong undercurrent setting out, ships ride safely even in heavy gales from that quarter.
Australind has the Australind Village Shopping Centre, which contains a Coles supermarket and various speciality stores. Treendale, a residential estate in Australind, is the location of the Treendale Shopping Centre, including a Woolworths supermarket which opened in February 2012. There is a Spud Shed Store due to open in Paris Road in December 2016. The 18-hole Bunbury Golf Club, which hosts the annual South West Open each June, is located within the Clifton Park estate in Australind.
Australind has two high schools: Australind Senior High School; and the Mercy campus of Bunbury Catholic College, as well as five primary schools: Australind (1980), Clifton Park (1988), Parkfield (1993), Kingston (2009), and Leschenault Catholic Primary School.
Australind is served by the 841 (Australind) route from Bunbury's central bus station, with a journey time of approximately 32 minutes. The route is operated by Bunbury City Transit for the Public Transport Authority.
Despite the name, the Transwa Australind rail service does not stop in or transit the town.
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Australind (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
- O'Brien, Tom (Thomas Niel) (1996). Some abridged history of Bunbury 1658-1995. Garran, ACT: Leslie O'Brien. ISBN 0-646-28639-0.
- McNair, William and Rumney, Hillary. Pioneer Aboriginal Mission: The Work of Wesleyan Missionary John Smithies in the Swan River Colony 1840-1855, University of Western Australia Press, 1981. ISBN 0855641789.
- Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – A". Retrieved 17 January 2007.
- Shire of Harvey. "Local Towns - Australind". Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 4 October 2006.
- "Population of Western Australia". Western Mail (Perth, WA : 1885 - 1954). Perth, WA: National Library of Australia. 22 April 1898. p. 23. Retrieved 28 May 2012.
- Walkabout Australian Travel Guide. "Australind". Archived from the original on 21 October 2006. Retrieved 4 October 2006.
- Hallmark Editions. "Australian Heritage - Australind". Retrieved 2006-12-25.
- J.S. Battye Western Australia: a history from its discovery to the inauguration of the Commonwealth (1924)
- Bunbury 5, Bunbury City Transit, effective 18 January 2004. Accessed 4 April 2006