Southern Railway (Austria)

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Southern Railway (Austria)
Südbahn.png
Overview
Native nameSüdbahn (Österreich)
TypeHeavy rail, Passenger/Freight rail
Intercity rail, Regional rail, Commuter rail
StatusOperational
LocaleVienna
Lower Austria
Styria
TerminiWien Hauptbahnhof
Border of Austria–Slovenia
Stations82
Line number105 01
Operation
OpenedStages between 1841–1848
OwnerAustrian Federal Railways
Operator(s)Austrian Federal Railways
Technical
Line length259.7 km (161.4 mi)
Number of tracksDouble track
• Wien Hbf – Werndorf, Lebring – Leibnitz
Single track
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Minimum radius171 m
Electrification15 kV/16,7 Hz AC Overhead line
Operating speed160 km/h (99 mph)
Maximum incline2.81 %
Route number500 (Wien Hbf – Mürzzuschlag)

501 (Wien Hbf – Graz)
502 (Graz – Maribor/Bad Radkersdburg)
510 (Wien Hbf – Payerbach-Reichenau)
524 (Wien Meidling – Deutschkreutz)
600 (Wien Hbf – Tarvisio)

900 (Wien S-Bahn)
Route map

99.947
0.000
Wien Hauptbahnhof
Logo VOR.svg Wien U1.svg
208 m (AA)
right/left running change
Wien Matzleinsdorfer Platz
Logo VOR.svg S80 Wien.png
209 m above sea level (AA)
2.442
Wien Matzleinsdorf
3.437
Wien Meidling
Logo VOR.svg Wien U6.svg
210 m above sea level (AA)
Vienna Connecting Railway (new route) to Wien Penzing
4.475
Wien Matzleinsdorf-Wienerbergbrücke
5.220
Wien Hetzendorf
S2 Wien.png S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
214 m above sea level (AA)
7.756
Wien Liesing Nord
8.240
Wien Atzgersdorf
S2 Wien.png S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
221 m above sea level (AA)
8.607
Wien Liesing Frachtenbahnhof
9.611
Wien Liesing
S2 Wien.png S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
225 m above sea level (AA)
Vienna / Lower Austria state border
10.998
Perchtoldsdorf
S2 Wien.png S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
12.946
Brunn-Maria Enzersdorf
S2 Wien.png S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
219 m above sea level (AA)
15.209
Mödling
S2 Wien.png S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
213 m above sea level (AA)
19.304
Guntramsdorf-Thallern
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
(formerly Guntramsdorf a.d. Südbahn)
215 m above sea level (AA)
19.903
Mödling 2 crossover
20.832
Gumpoldskirchen
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
218 m above sea level (AA)
22.134
Gumpoldskirchen Tunnel (Busserltunnel) (165 m)
24.140
Pfaffstätten, Baden freight yard
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
238 m above sea level (AA)
26.004
Baden b. Wien
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
241 m above sea level (AA)
26.737
Baden-Frachtenbahnhof 1 crossover
30.340
Bad Vöslau
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
250 m above sea level (AA)
32.434
Kottingbrunn
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
253 m above sea level (AA)
33.929
Leobersdorf
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
259 m above sea level (AA)
Ebenfurth–Wittmannsdorf local railway
38.382
Sollenau
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
274 m above sea level (AA)
39.682
Felixdorf
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
277 m above sea level (AA)
Felixdorf–Tattendorf local railway to Blumau-Neurißhof
Felixdorf–Feuerwerksanstalt military railway[1]
42.612
Theresienfeld
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
282 m above sea level (AA)
43.118
Felixdorf 2 crossover
45.540
Wiener Neustadt Nord
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png
275 m above sea level (AA)
47.000
Wiener Neustadt Hbf-track group 200
48.118
Wiener Neustadt Hbf
S3 Wien.png S4 Wien.png S60 Wien.png
268 m above sea level (AA)
former station of Schneeberg Railway
now station part
Wiener Neustadt yard exit tracks
50.700
Wiener Neustadt Hbf-track group 700
51.367
Wiener Neustadt yard entrance tracks
56.952
Wiener Neustadt 2 crossover
St. Egyden
(station until June 2012)
326 m above sea level (AA)
link to Willendorf–Neunkirchen railway
62.574
Neunkirchen N.Ö.
369 m above sea level (AA)
64.600
Rohrbach bei Ternitz
abandoned on 15 Oct 1945
67.051
Ternitz
393 m above sea level (AA)
69.892
Pottschach
(former station)
398 m above sea level (AA)
73.149
GIG Karasek siding
74,902
Gloggnitz
439 m above sea level (AA)
Semmering Base Tunnel to Mürzzuschlag (under construction)
77.694
Schlöglmühl
457 m above sea level (AA)
77.831
substation siding
81.961
Payerbach-Reichenau
494 m above sea level (AA)
84.798
Küb
543 m above sea level (AA)
88.222
Eichberg
608 m above sea level (AA)
92.284
Klamm-Schottwien
699 m above sea level (AA)
97.574
Breitenstein
794 m above sea level (AA)
102.098
Wolfsbergkogel
883 m above sea level (AA)
103.412
Semmering
894 m above sea level (AA)
old and new Semmering Tunnel
(1434 and 1512 m, peak at 898 m)
Lower Austria/Styria state border
bridge over the form Feistritzwald Railway
107.685
Steinhaus
836 m above sea level (AA)
110.486
Spital am Semmering
789 m above sea level (AA)
Semmering Base Tunnel from Gloggnitz (under construction)
116.100
Mürzzuschlag freight yard
116.727
Mürzzuschlag
681 m above sea level (AA)
118.373
Böhler siding
120.613
Hönigsberg
658 m above sea level (AA)
123.618
Langenwang
Halt and loading place
124.000
Mürzzuschlag 2 crossover
125.045
125.100
chainage change (−55 m)
128.462
Krieglach
612 m above sea level (AA)
132.709
Mitterdorf-Veitsch
592 m above sea level (AA)
135.070
Wartberg im Mürztal
582 m above sea level (AA)
140.098
Kindberg
566 m above sea level (AA)
144.216
Allerheiligen-Mürzhofen
548 m above sea level (AA)
146.694
Marein-St. Lorenzen
532 m above sea level (AA)
148.503
siding
150.582
Kapfenberg Fachhochschule
518 m above sea level (AA)
150.583
Böhler siding
153.645
Kapfenberg
509 m above sea level (AA)
156.629
Bruck an der Mur-Frachtenbahnhof
493 m above sea level (AA)
157.858
Bruck an der Mur
489 m above sea level (AA)
Bruck Loop (from Bruck/Mur Stadtwald and Leoben)
159.740
Bruck an der Mur-Übelstein
163.392
Stausee
closed on 28.05.1967
167.581
Pernegg
474 m above sea level (AA)
171.011
Mixnitz-Bärenschützklamm
466 m above sea level (AA)
179.231
Bauernfeind (Mondi) paper factory siding
183.022
Frohnleiten
427 m above sea level (AA)
track laying
188.022
Badl-Semriach
closed on 21.03.1966
Kugelstein tunnel (400 m)
190.814
Peggau-Deutschfeistritz
402 m above sea level (AA)
193.452
approach road to Pyhrn Autobahn
194.615
Stübing
195.428
195.600
chainage change (−172 m)
200.710
Gratwein-Gratkorn
381 m above sea level (AA)
200.024
200.200
chainage change (−176 m)
202.755
Judendorf-Straßengel
377 m above sea level (AA)
203.532
Neuber siding
207.191
Gösting
closed in 30.05.1965
209.485
Graz railway yard
368 m above sea level (AA)
210.700
Graz yard freight
368 m above sea level (AA)
211.355
Graz Hbf
364 m above sea level (AA)
211.549
Marienhütte siding
212.937
Graz Hart loading point
213.070
Graz Don Bosco
213.323
Koralm Railway to Klagenfurt (under construction)
216.158
Graz Puntigam
347 m above sea level (AA)
218.405
Feldkirchen-Seiersberg
339 m above sea level (AA)
220.123
Graz Airport-Feldkirchen
332 m above sea level (AA)
220.654
Abtissendorf
closed in 1996
331 m above sea level (AA)
224.203
Kalsdorf
326 m above sea level (AA)
225.000
Kalsdorf-Süd
to Kalsdorf Terminal, Graz Süd CCT
229.525
Werndorf
301 m above sea level (AA)
connecting line to Koralm Railway
230.715
230.684
chainage change (+31 m)
231.670
Steweag-Steg siding
234.962
Wildon
298 m above sea level (AA)
238.442
Lebring
291 m above sea level (AA)
240.750
Gralla
288 m above sea level (AA)
244.335
Kaindorf a. d. Sulm
281 m above sea level (AA)
245.177
Wildon 3 crossing
246.756
Leibnitz
275 m above sea level (AA)
249.454
Wagna
closed in 1945
251.750
Retznei
271 m above sea level (AA)
253.948
Ehrenhausen
260 m above sea level (AA)
257.915
Spielfeld-Straß
263 m above sea level (AA)
260.127
national border near Spielfeld-Straß A / SLO
Source: Austrian railway atlas[2]

The Southern Railway (German: Südbahn) is a railway in Austria that runs from Vienna to Graz and the border with Slovenia at Spielfeld via Semmering and Bruck an der Mur. It was originally built by the Austrian Southern Railway company and ran to Ljubljana and Trieste, the main seaport of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy; a main obstacle in its construction was getting over the Semmering Pass over the Northern Limestone Alps. The twin-track, electrified section that runs through the current territory of Austria is owned and operated by Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB) and is one of the major lines in the country.

History[edit]

Südbahn train near Baden, 1847
Südbahn poster, 1898
Share of the Südbahn-Gesellschaft, issued May 1883
Südbahn train near Baden, 1847
Wien Südbahnhof, built in 1875
  • 12 September 2007: A very high value collectors' coin (the Austrian Southern Railways Vienna-Triest commemorative coin) was minted: its obverse shows the locomotive "Steinbrück" with one of the typical viaducts of the Semmering Railway in the background. The engine “Steinbrück” can be seen today in the Technical Museum in Vienna. It is the oldest existing locomotive built in Austria; it was built in 1848 for the Southern Railway.

Train service[edit]

While the connection between Vienna and Graz, partly provided by ÖBB Railjet high-speed trains, is busy, international passenger traffic to Trieste has decreased in past decades. Nevertheless, the railway is to be developed by the Semmering Base Tunnel and the Koralm Railway branch-off to Klagenfurt, Carinthia. The section from Graz to the Slovenian border, which had been downgraded to a single track railway in the 1950s, is currently again enlarged to double track.

Within the Vienna metropolitan region, the sections between new Vienna Central Station, Wien Meidling, Mödling, Leobersdorf and Wiener Neustadt Hauptbahnhof are also part of the suburban Vienna S-Bahn railway network.

During the Cold War trade between Vienna and Trieste was mainly run through Tarvisio in Italy which tracks had been equipped with electric power by 1963; the same for the branch from Vienna into Graz and Yugoslavia by 1966.

The Southern Railway was recently selected as the main motif of a very high value collectors' coin: the Austrian Southern Railways Vienna-Triest commemorative coin, minted on September 12, 2007. The obverse shows the locomotive “Steinbrück” with one of the typical viaducts of the Semmering Railway in the background. The engine “Steinbrück” can be seen today in the Technical Museum in Vienna. It is the oldest existing locomotive built in Austria; it was constructed in 1848 for the Southern Railway.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Operating from 1916 until about 1918, dismantled in 1923; source: Friedrich, Paul; Slezak, Josef Otto (1990). Kanal, Nostalgie, Eisenbahn (in German). Vienna: Verlag Slezak. pp. 134, 136–137, 139. ISBN 3-85416-153-0., which refers to: Witz, Johann (1974). "Zwischen Wöllersdorf und Blumau. Die Militärschleppbahnen auf dem Steinfeld". Eisenbahn (in German) (12): 181–184. ISSN 0013-2756. and Witz, Johann (1975). "Zwischen Wöllersdorf und Blumau. Die Militärschleppbahnen auf dem Steinfeld". Eisenbahn (in German) (1–2): 4–6. ISSN 0013-2756. (section: Strecke Wöllersdorf↔Mittel)
  2. ^ Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (Austrian railway atlas). Schweers + Wall. 2010. pp. 18–24, 26–31, 98, 99, 106. ISBN 978-3-89494-138-3.