Vehicle registration plates of Austria
Austrian car number plates are mandatory vehicle registration plates displaying the registration mark (German: Kennzeichen) of motor vehicles in Austria. They are used to verify street legality, proof of a valid liability insurance and to identify and recognise the vehicle.
The license plates are made of metal; the imprinted text is in black letters and digits on a white background. Since November 1, 2002 the common design comprises a blue section on the left with the EU circle of stars and the country code ('A') like other vehicle registration plates of the European Union. On the top and bottom, there are red-white-red tribands, the national colors of Austria. Two plates have to be present on each car (front and rear). Dealer plates show white letters on a green background, temporary plates show white letters on a cyan background, and foreign trailers show white letters on a red background. For motorbikes and cars with smaller areas for plates, smaller license plates are available with two lines of text. Moped plates are in different appearance and shape, they show white letters on a red background.
The alphanumeric format for registration plates is "XX ∇=provincial emblem number&letter(s)" or "XX ∇=provincial emblem personalised letters&number";
- XX - one or two letters which indicate the local registration office (district where the registered possessor resides). As a general rule, State capitals have one letter; other districts have two letters.
- heraldic emblem of the federal state the district belongs to (here shown as "∇"); diplomatic vehicles have a dash (–) instead, federal official vehicles wear the Austrian Federal Eagle.
- A three to six-letter/number sequence which uniquely distinguishes each of the vehicles displaying the same initial area code. The letter Q is excluded from all sequences.
There are several lettering schemes:
- The letter/number sequence must contain at least three characters (at least one digit and one letter). In countryside districts, the maximum is five characters. Regular plates start with a digit and end with a letter. Personalized plates, which can be obtained by paying an extra fee, are ordered vice versa. (exceptions: see below)
- The letter/number sequence of state capitals contains up to six characters (at least one digit one letter with a minimum of four characters) (e.g.
W ∇ 12345 A).
- Until the year 2000 the plates were issued by the district administrations, who used a variety of lettering schemes, e.g. one digit and three letters (e.g.
FK ∇ 1 ABCin the Feldkirch district), two digits and two letters (e.g.
WL ∇ 12 ABin the Wels-Land district) or three digits and one letter.
- Since 2000 the vehicle registration have been carried out by car insurance companies on behalf of the government. The branch offices of these companies issue the plates, which show three digits and two letters (e.g.
XX ∇ 123 AB) in each district or four digits and two letters in state capitals respectively.
- There are standardized abbreviations for special types of cars. But most of them are in use in Vienna only:
BBBundesbahnen (Federal Railways), only with Index "W", e.g.
W ∇ 1234 BB
BEBestattung (funeral services)
EWE-Werk (electric power company)
FFFreiwillige Feuerwehr (volunteer firemen)
GWGaswerk (gas power company)
GTGütertransport (vehicles transporting goods)
KTKleintransport (private vehicles transporting parcels)
LOLinienomnibus (public service buses)
LRLandesregierung (Local government of Niederösterreich)
LVLandesregierung (Local government of Tyrol)
MAMagistrat Wien (Community service in Vienna)
MWMietwagen (rental car or bus service [with driver])
RDRettungsdienst (ambulance vehicles)
RKRotes Kreuz (Red Cross)
- Army, diplomats, police etc. have a number up to five digits only (starting with 1, incrementing)
From 1906 until 1919, the plates always composed one letter followed by Roman numerals and three numbers (e.g. "BXV 639"). Temporary admission plates always followed by prefix. The prefixes are G= Bosnia and Herzegovina, U= Hungary, Z= All other countries.
From 1919 until 1930, the plates format is the same as before but became authority supplied.
From 1930 until 1939, the plates comprised one letters followed by five digits. (e.g.
B 12345) The thousands of digits encoded the districts.
From 1939 until 1945, the plates comprised two letters followed by a hypen and seven digits. (e.g.
W-1234567) This was followed by the Nazi Germany system.
From 1945 until 1946, the plates comprised by a state coat of arms followed by maximal six numbers. They are only issued in the USSR-occupied zone.
From 1947 until 1989, the plates comprised one or two letters to indicate the state or federal code followed by up to six digits (e.g.
W 123.456), the first number block was reserved for vehicles, the second one was the serial, when they run out of serials they began to issue
XX 999.A99. The background is black with white characters for private vehicles (unknown for all other vehicles). One or two letters are the prefixes set by state and federals, they are:
BHBundesheer (Federal Army)
O-Upper Austria (the dash after the letter O prevents misunderstandings with the number 0)
PTPost & Telekom Austria (Federal Mail and Telekom)
StStyria (the only prefix with a lower case letter)
In Austria, it is possible to obtain a customized registration plate by payment of 245 (=227+18) Euros. The alphanumeric format is
XX ∇ ABC 1, which makes them easily distinguishable from standard plates (e.g.
I ∇ TOMMY 1)
|Code||City, District and official vehicles||Notes|
|B||Bregenz, Burgenland official|
|BA||Bad Aussee sub-district||Suspended on July 1, 2013; replaced with LI.|
|BB||Bundesbahnen (Federal Railways)||Obsolete, ÖBB vehicles have now use
|BD||Kraftfahrlinien Bundesbus (Bus Service)||Now for ÖBB Postbus coaches|
|BG||Bundesgendarmerie (federal police)||Obsolete since 2005 when Gendarmerie and police merged, but still valid on Gendarmerie/police cars registered before 2005|
|BH||Bundesheer (Federal Army)|
|BL||Bruck an der Leitha|
|BM||Bruck an der Mur||Until 2012, Bruck-Mürzzuschlag from 2013|
|BP||Bundespolizei (federal police)||Since 2005 the only prefix for all newly registered police cars|
|BR||Braunau am Inn|
|E||Eisenstadt||Also for the city of Rust, Burgenland.|
|EU||Eisenstadt-Umgebung||Eisenstadt surrounding area|
|FB||Feldbach||Suspended on July 1, 2013; replaced with SO.|
|FF||Fürstenfeld||Suspended on July 1, 2013; replaced with HF.|
|FV||Finanzverwaltung (Financial Administration)|
|GK||Consular corps in Styria|
|GU||Graz-Umgebung||Graz surrounding area.|
|HB||Hartberg||Suspended on July 1, 2013; replaced with HF.|
|HF||Hartberg-Fürstenfeld||Since July 1, 2013.|
|IL||Innsbruck-Land||Innsbruck countryside area.|
|JO||St. Johann im Pongau|
|JU||Judenburg||Suspended on July 1, 2012; replaced with MT.|
|JW||Justizwache (Justice police)|
|KI||Kirchdorf an der Krems|
|KF||Knittelfeld||Suspended on July 1, 2012; replaced with MT.|
|KK||Consular corps in Carinthia|
|KR||Krems-Land||Krems countryside area.|
|LL||Linz-Land||Linz countryside area.|
|LN||Leoben (district)||Leoben countryside area.|
|MT||Murtal |Since July 1, 2012.|
|MZ||Mürzzuschlag||Suspended on July 1, 2012; replaced with BM.|
|N||Lower Austria official|
|ND||Neusiedl am See|
|O||Upper Austria official|
|PL||St. Pölten-Land||St. Pölten countryside area.|
|PT||Post & Telekom Austria (national mail and phone company}||Now only for postal cars.|
|RA||Bad Radkersburg||Suspended on July 1, 2013; replaced with SO|
|RI||Ried im Innkreis|
|S||Salzburg City and official|
|SD||Schärding, Diplomatic corps in Salzburg|
|SE||Steyr-Land||Steyr countryside area.|
|SK||Consular corps in Salzburg|
|SL||Salzburg-Umgebung||Salzburg countryside area.|
|SP||Spittal an der Drau|
|SO||Südoststeiermark||Since July 1, 2013.|
|SV||St. Veit an der Glan|
|TD||Diplomatic corps in Tirol|
|TK||Consular corps in Tirol|
|VD||Diplomatic corps in Vorarlberg|
|VK||Völkermarkt, Consular corps in Vorarlberg|
|VL||Villach-Land (Villach countryside area)|
|WB||Wiener Neustadt-Land||Wiener Neustadt countryside area)|
|WD||Diplomatic corps in Vienna|
|WK||Consular corps in Vienna|
|WL||Wels-Land||Wels countryside area|
|WN||Wiener Neustadt City|
|WT||Waidhofen an der Thaya|
|WU||Wien-Umgebung||Vienna surrounding area|
|WY||Waidhofen an der Ybbs|
|ZE||Zell am See|
|ZW||Zollwache (Customs officials)||Obsolete since 2005 when Zollwache merged with federal police|
Media related to License plates of Austria at Wikimedia Commons