Austrian legislative election, 1999

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Austrian legislative election, 1999
Austria
← 1995 3 October 1999 2002 →

All 183 seats in the National Council
92 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 4,695,225 (80.42%)[1]
  First party Second party
  Bundeskanzler Viktor Klima.JPG Jörg Haider 28082008.jpg
Leader Viktor Klima Jörg Haider
Party SPÖ FPÖ
Leader since 1997 1986
Leader's seat 3 Lower Austria 2A Klagenfurt
Last election 71 seats, 38.06% 41 seats, 21.89%
Seats won 65 52
Seat change Decrease 6 Increase 11
Popular vote 1,532,448 1,244,087
Percentage 33.15% 26.91%
Swing Decrease 4.91% Increase 5.02%

  Third party Fourth party
  W Schuessel7.jpg Alexander Van der Bellen1.jpg
Leader Wolfgang Schüssel Alexander Van der Bellen
Party ÖVP Greens
Leader since 1995 1997
Leader's seat 9E Vienna South-West 9F Vienna North-West
Last election 52 seats, 28.29% 9 seats, 4.81%
Seats won 52 14
Seat change 0 Increase 5
Popular vote 1,243,672 342,260
Percentage 26.91% 7.40%
Swing Decrease 1.38% Increase 2.59%

Chancellor before election

Viktor Klima
SPÖ

Elected Chancellor

Wolfgang Schüssel
ÖVP

Coat of arms of Austria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Austria
Constitution
Judicial system
Foreign relations

Parliamentary elections were held in Austria on 3 October 1999.[2]

Although the Social Democratic Party remained the largest party in the National Council, a right-wing coalition government was formed by the Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ) and the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP) after several months of negotiations. Although the FPÖ had finished a fraction of a point ahead of the ÖVP in the popular vote, ÖVP leader Wolfgang Schüssel became Chancellor rather than controversial FPÖ leader Jörg Haider. Haider, who had also been elected Landeshauptmann of Carinthia, was not appointed to the cabinet and resigned as party leader.[3]

However, foreign governments remained critical of the FPÖ's inclusion in the government and the fourteen other members of the European Union imposed sanctions on the country, whilst domestically the government faced protests organised by the SPÖ and Greens.[3] However, this pressure on the government helped stabilise it and when it became clear that the FPÖ was not a threat to the country's democracy, sanctions were lifted.[3]

Voter turnout was 80.4%.[4]

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Social Democratic Party 1,532,448 33.2 65 –6
Freedom Party of Austria 1,244,087 26.9 52 +11
Austrian People's Party 1,243,672 26.9 52 0
Green Alternative 342,260 7.4 14 +5
Liberal Forum 168,612 3.6 0 –10
The Independents 46,943 1.0 0 New
Communist Party of Austria 22,016 0.5 0 0
No - Civic Action Group against the sale of Austria 19,286 0.4 0 0
Christian Electoral Community 3,030 0.1 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 72,871
Total 4,695,225 100 183 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular vote
SPÖ
  
33.15%
FPÖ
  
26.91%
ÖVP
  
26.91%
GRÜNE
  
7.40%
LIF
  
3.65%
DU
  
1.02%
Other
  
0.96%
Parliamentary seats
SPÖ
  
35.52%
FPÖ
  
28.42%
ÖVP
  
28.42%
GRÜNE
  
7.65%

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Nationalratswahl 2013 - Endgültiges Gesamtergebnis". Website of the Austrian Ministry of the Interior (in German). Bundesministerium für Inneres. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Nohlen, D & Stöver, P (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p196 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  3. ^ a b c Nohlen & Stöver, p179
  4. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p217