Austrogomphus

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Austrogomphus
Yellow-striped Hunter.jpg
Austrogomphus guerini
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Odonata
Infraorder: Anisoptera
Family: Gomphidae
Genus: Austrogomphus
Selys, 1854[1][2]
Austrogomphus distribution map.svg

Austrogomphus is a genus of dragonflies in the family Gomphidae,[3] endemic to Australia.[4] Species of Austrogomphus are tiny to medium-sized dragonflies, black in colour with yellowish markings.[5] They are commonly known as hunters.

Species[edit]

Pair of Austrogomphus guerini mating

The genus Austrogomphus includes the following species in four subgenera:[3][6]

Subgenus Austroepigomphus

Subgenus Austrogomphus

Subgenus Pleiogomphus

Subgenus Xerogomphus

Etymology[edit]

The genus name Austrogomphus is derived from two words: the latin word auster meaning south wind, hence south; and the greek word gomphus (γόμφος) meaning peg or nail. It is suggested that the shape of the male tail is generally like that of a bolt used in ship building.[7] Gomphus is also a genus of dragonfly, with some similarities to Austrogomphus, both belonging to the much larger family group, Gomphidae. In 1854 Edmond de Sélys Longchamps named the sub-genus Austrogomphus probably as a southern or Australian component of the gomphid group.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Selys-Longchamps, E. (1854). Monographie des caloptérygines (in French). Brussels and Leipzig: C. Muquardt. p. 430. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.60461 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. 
  2. ^ Selys-Longchamps, E. (1854). "Synopsis des Gomphines". Bulletin de la Classe des Science, Academie Royale de Belgique (in French). 21 (7): 23–112 [63] – via Biodiversity Heritage Library. 
  3. ^ a b "Genus Austrogomphus Selys, 1854". Australian Faunal Directory. Australian Biological Resources Study. 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2017. 
  4. ^ Watson, J.A.L.; Theischinger, G.; Abbey, H.M. (1991). The Australian Dragonflies: A Guide to the Identification, Distributions and Habitats of Australian Odonata. Melbourne: CSIRO. ISBN 0643051368. 
  5. ^ Günther Theischinger; John Hawking (2006). The Complete Field Guide to Dragonflies of Australia. CSIRO Publishing. ISBN 0-643-09073-8. 
  6. ^ Martin Schorr; Martin Lindeboom; Dennis Paulson. "World Odonata List". University of Puget Sound. Archived from the original on 28 August 2010. Retrieved 11 August 2010. 
  7. ^ Endersby, I. (2012). "Watson and Theischinger: the etymology of the dragonfly (Insecta: Odonata) names which they published". Journal and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New South Wales. 145 (443 & 444): 34–53 [37]. ISSN 0035-9173 – via Biodiversity Heritage Library.