Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez
The Hermanos Rodríguez Grand Prix circuit (2015–2019, 2021–present)
The Hermanos Rodríguez Formula E circuit (2020, 2022–present)
|Location||Mexico City, Mexico|
|Time zone||UTC-6, (DST: UTC-5)|
|FIA Grade||1 (GP)|
3E (Formula E)
|Opened||20 November 1959|
|Former names||Autódromo Magdalena Mixhuca (1959–1979)|
Mexican Grand Prix
(1962–1970, 1986–1992, 2015–2019)
Mexico City Grand Prix
FIA Formula E Championship
Mexico City ePrix
NACAM F4 (2016–2019, 2022)
NASCAR Mexico Series
NASCAR Mikel's Truck Series (2002–2003, 2017–2019, 2022)
6 Hours of Mexico (2016–2017)
NASCAR Xfinity Series
Corona México 200 (2005–2008)
Porsche Supercup (2017–2019)
Race of Champions (2019)
Trans-Am Series (1978–1979, 1991)
World Sportscar Championship
Jaguar I-Pace eTrophy
Formula V8 (2017)
LATAM Challenge Series (2011–2013)
CART/Champ Car World Series
Gran Premio Tecate
Grand Am Rolex Sports Car Series
Mexico City 400k (2005–2008)
A1 Grand Prix (2007–2008)
Atlantic Championship (1980–1982)
IMSA GT Championship (1974)
|Grand Prix Circuit (2015–present)|
|Length||4.304 km (2.674 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:17.774 ( Valtteri Bottas, Mercedes W12, 2021, Formula One)|
|Extended Formula E Circuit (2020–present)|
|Length||2.606 km (1.619 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:09.487 ( Lucas di Grassi, Mercedes-EQ Silver Arrow 02, 2022, Formula E)|
|Original Formula E Circuit (2016–2019)|
|Length||2.093 km (1.300 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:01.112 ( Pascal Wehrlein, Mahindra M5Electro, 2019, Formula E)|
|Grand Prix Circuit (1986–2014)|
|Length||4.421 km (2.747 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:16.788 ( Nigel Mansell, Williams FW14, 1991, Formula One)|
|Champ Car/A1 GP Grand Prix Circuit (2006–2007)|
|Length||4.463 km (2.774 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:24.713 ( Robert Doornbos, Panoz DP01, 2007, Champ Car)|
|CART/Champ Car Grand Prix Circuit (2002–2005)|
|Length||4.484 km (2.786 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:27.248 ( Shinji Nakano, Lola B02/00, 2002, CART)|
|NASCAR Circuit (2005–2014)|
|Length||4.053 km (2.518 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:20.521 ( Alex Gurney, Riley Mk XX, 2008, DP)|
|Original Grand Prix Circuit (1959–1985)|
|Length||5.000 km (3.107 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:43.050 ( Jacky Ickx, Brabham BT26A, 1969, Formula One)|
|Original Short Circuit (1959–1985)|
|Length||3.991 km (2.480 miles)|
|Race lap record||1:17.631 ( Norm Hunter, Ralt RT4, 1982, Formula Atlantic)|
|Oval Circuit (1962–present)|
|Length||1.609 km (1.000 miles)|
|Race lap record||0:32.081 ( Antonio Pérez, Toyota Camry NASCAR, 2015, Stock car racing)|
The Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez is a 4.304 km (2.674 mi) motorsport race track in Mexico City, Mexico, named after the racing drivers Ricardo (1942–1962) and Pedro Rodríguez (1940–1971). The circuit got its name shortly after it opened when Ricardo Rodríguez died in practice for the non-Championship 1962 Mexican Grand Prix. Ricardo's brother Pedro was also killed behind the wheel nine years later. Since 2015, the track has once again hosted the Formula One Mexican Grand Prix, an event it previously hosted in two separate periods on a different layout, the last occasion of which was in 1992.
The circuit is located within the public park of the Magdalena Mixhuca Sports City in southeast Mexico City. The circuit is owned by the Government of the City, but is currently operated under concession by Corporación Interamericana de Entretenimiento (CIE) through OCESA, one of CIE's subsidiaries. CIE also organizes the NASCAR and Desafío Corona races in this circuit and rents the circuits to other parties, including race organizers, automobile clubs and track amateurs for fees that are controversial due to their disproportionately high amounts compared to other ex-F1 courses.
The NASCAR Xfinity Series started racing at Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez in the 2005 season and ended in the 2008 season. Martin Truex Jr. won the race in 2005, and Denny Hamlin won in 2006. For the 2007 race, the chicane was removed to increase passing opportunities down the front straight and into turn 1, and Juan Pablo Montoya from Bogotá, Colombia, won the race. Kyle Busch was the winner of the race in 2008.
The A1 Grand Prix series started racing at Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez in the 2006–07 season using the full-track configuration used by Formula One. Alex Yoong from Malaysia won the sprint race and Oliver Jarvis from the United Kingdom won the feature race. In the 2007–08 season, Jonny Reid from New Zealand won the sprint race and Adam Carroll of Team Ireland won the feature race.
Built in the Magdalena Mixhuca public park in 1959, the circuit hosted its first Formula One Grand Prix in 1962, as a non-Championship race. The following year the Mexican Grand Prix became a full World Championship event. The circuit remained part of the F1 calendar through 1970, when spectator overcrowding caused unsafe conditions. When F1 returned in 1986, the circuit boasted a new pit complex, as well as improved safety all around, but left again after 1992 due to safety concerns.
In 2001 CIE and Forsythe Racing tasked D3 Motorsport Development with revamping the circuit. A redesign to include the Foro and a complete upgrade of the circuit was done. It saw a record crowd of 402,413 people attend a round of the CART Championship in 2002.
It was announced in May 2012, that the circuit would again host the Mexican Grand Prix from 2013, in a five-year deal that would see it replace the European Grand Prix in Valencia, but this did not happen. The FIA listed the Mexican Grand Prix as the 19th round of the provisional schedule for the 2014 season, but it was not on the final schedule. The Mexican Grand Prix was listed on the 2015 Formula One calendar published by the FIA on 3 December 2014, with Formula One making its return to the circuit with the race on 1 November 2015.
The Grand Prix circuit
Designed as his thesis by student Óscar Fernández in 1953, the circuit has an elevation of 2,238 m (7,342 ft); the thin air causes difficulties for both the drivers and their cars. It also reduces the levels of aerodynamic drag that cars experience, meaning that higher downforce setups can be used with less impact on straight-line speed.
The circuit has an extremely fast final corner (the Peraltada, turn 17) before a long start/finish straight, and thus reminded some of Monza; however, unlike Monza's Parabolica curve, the Peraltada curve is slightly banked, allowing even more speed through the corner. It was at this corner that the younger Rodríguez crashed, due to suspension failure. After the last F1 Mexican Grand Prix in 1992, a baseball stadium called the "Foro" was built on the inner part of this curve. When the Champ Car series began using the track in 2002, the Peraltada curve was partially bypassed by a series of sharp turns entering and exiting the Foro; re-entering the Peraltada halfway through.
After the Peraltada comes the long 1.2 km front straight. During the original turbo era in Formula One the faster cars were regularly clocking speeds of up to 330 km/h (205 mph) on the straight.
In the 2005 NASCAR Busch Series season, there was a chicane on the main straightaway to slow the cars down. They also introduced a curve between the short course and the Ese del Lago to bypass the latter, but avoiding the stadium detour.
The Grand Prix circuit underwent a significant renovation under the direction of Hermann Tilke for the return of Formula One in 2015. The front straight was slightly extended and reprofiled to accommodate a new media center and paddock. The iconic esses between turns 7 and 13 were significantly modified; the prolific, high radius turns largely diminished and some replaced with fixed angle turns. The baseball field portion of the track was also altered to a low-speed left-right combination that bypassed the first half of the Peraltada, allowing the cars to re-enter the Peraltada halfway through the corner. At 4.304 kilometres (2.674 mi), the course is 170 metres (560 ft) shorter than the previous Grand Prix layout, and Mexican Grand Prix organizers predicted lap times of around 75 seconds and speeds in excess of 328 km/h (204 mph) for the current turbocharged Formula One cars, which eliminate the adverse effects of altitude present in naturally aspirated cars. However, the modern V6 hybrid turbo F1 cars actually managed to reach top speeds in excess of 370 km/h (230 mph) down the main straight.
The circuit also features an oval layout due to the inclusion of a flat turn that goes from the middle of the main straight to the beginning of the backstretch of circuit. Unlike the road course, the oval is raced in counter-clockwise direction (except for the Formula E race).
The oval configuration of this Mexico City facility is arguably the most dangerous racetrack in Mexico, because of the limited visibility at the exit of turns 2 and 4. This is because the Foro Sol baseball stadium is located inside turns 1 and 2; and several trees are located inside turns 3 and 4.
During the 2006 season, two accidents occurred in the oval track during NASCAR Mexico T4 Series events, which took several drivers out of the race, with some needing hospital treatment.
The oval configuration also forms the base of the FIA Formula E Championship circuit for the Mexico City ePrix; the oval is raced clockwise, but there is a chicane prior to the entrance of turn 4, with a second chicane on the backstretch, followed by a modified Foro Sol section that exits for the full Peraltada, and a third chicane midway through the Peraltada (turns 1 and 2 of the oval). FIA Formula E track design was modified by Agustin Delicado Zomeño. Starting from season 3 (2016–2017), the first chicane is removed and now it is a right-hand corner.
In season 6, the track is extended and the two chicanes at the back straight and the Peraltada are removed. The track also uses more of the Formula 1 layout. After turn 2 (Formula E track), the track will turn left instead of right and the extended part includes a 4-turn sequence before going back to the original circuit and the stadium section.
Before the 1986 Formula One race, the first turn (now turns 1-3) was named in honour of Moisés Solana, Mexico's third F1 driver. It is still called Ese Moisés Solana, often referred to as the "Solana Complex" in English.
In September 2002, Mexico's fourth and, then most recent, F1 driver Héctor Rebaque's achievements both in F1 and CART were recognized by renaming turn 6 of the Autodromo as Recorte Rebaque instead of the previous name of Recorte de Gran Premio.
- January: Campeonato Mexicano de Súper Turismos
- February: FIA Formula E Championship Mexico City ePrix
- April: Campeonato Mexicano de Súper Turismos
- May: NACAM Formula 4 Championship, Campeonato Mexicano de Súper Turismos, Endurance Challenge Mexico
- June: Campeonato Mexicano de Súper Turismos
- July: Campeonato Mexicano de Súper Turismos
- August: NACAM Formula 4 Championship, Endurance Challenge Mexico
- September: NACAM Formula 4 Championship, Campeonato Mexicano de Súper Turismos
- October: Formula One Mexico City Grand Prix, NACAM Formula 4 Championship, Gran Turismo Mexico, Freightliner Legends Cup
- November: NASCAR Mexico Series, NASCAR Mikel's Truck Series
- December: NACAM Formula 4 Championship, Endurance Challenge Mexico
- A1 Grand Prix (2007–2008)
- Atlantic Championship (1980–1982)
- CART/Champ Car World Series Gran Premio Tecate (1980–1981, 2002–2007)
- FIA World Endurance Championship 6 Hours of Mexico (2016–2017)
- Formula One Mexican Grand Prix (1962–1970, 1986–1992, 2015–2019)
- Grand Am Rolex Sports Car Series Mexico City 250 (2005–2008)
- IMSA GT Championship (1974)
- Jaguar I-Pace eTrophy (2019–2020)
- LATAM Challenge Series (2011–2013)
- Mexican Formula Three Championship (1990–2001)
- NASCAR Xfinity Series Corona México 200 (2005–2008)
- Porsche Supercup (2017–2019)
- Race of Champions (2019)
- Trans-Am Series 1000 km of Mexico City (1978–1979, 1991)
- United States Road Racing Championship (1968)
- World Series Formula V8 3.5 (2017)
- World Sportscar Championship Trofeo Hermanos Rodríguez (1989–1991)
The official lap record for the current circuit layout is 1:17.774, set by Valtteri Bottas driving for Mercedes in the 2021 Mexico City Grand Prix, while the unofficial all-time track record is 1:14.758, set by Max Verstappen driving for Red Bull Racing in the qualifying of the 2019 Mexican Grand Prix. The official race lap records at the Autódromo Hermanos Rodríguez are listed as:
The baseball stadium
The Autódromo includes a baseball stadium inside turn 14 (Peraltada). The stadium, called Foro Sol, was home to the Diablos Rojos del México and also hosts music concerts. Some of the artists who played there include Iron Maiden, Paul McCartney, Metallica, Pink Floyd, Santana, The Rolling Stones, Madonna, Stone Temple Pilots, Nine Inch Nails, U2, Radiohead, and Guns N' Roses. The Diablos Rojos later left Foro Sol in order to build a new baseball stadium named Estadio Alfredo Harp Helú, which was later completed on 23 March, 2019. Unlike Foro Sol, it was built inside of the race track near turns 1 and 3.
- Both drivers took the same lap time in this race independently.
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- Gran ambiente en inauguración del Estadio AHH.
- “AMLO inaugurará nuevo estadio de los Diablos Rojos del México en 2019”.