||The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with Western culture and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (February 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
In art, the equivalent is the inserted self-portrait, where the artist includes a self-portrait in a painting of a narrative subject. This has been a common artistic device since at least the European Renaissance.
This literary device should not be confused with a first-person narrator, an author surrogate, or a character somewhat based on the author, whether the author included it intentionally or not. Many characters have been described as unintentional self-insertions, implying that their author is unconsciously using them as an author surrogate.
- The Razor's Edge by Somerset Maugham.
- Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut
- The French Lieutenant's Woman by John Fowles
- Stan Lee in different Marvel comic books and movies.
- Clive Cussler author of Dirk Pitt novels, has inserted himself as a deus ex machina character in several of his books.
- Gargantua and Pantagruel by François Rabelais, in the chapter "How Pantagruel with his tongue covered a whole army, and what the author saw in his mouth."
- Milton: A Poem in Two Books by William Blake.
- The Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri.
- The title character of the Rush Revere series by Rush Limbaugh.
- I am the Messenger by Markus Zusak
- Homestuck by Andrew Hussie
- JPod by Douglas Coupland
- Goetz, Sharon K. (2010-04-01). Terminus: Collected Papers on Harry Potter, 7-11 August 2008. Lulu.com. pp. 516–. ISBN 9780982680704. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- Mason, Fran (2009). The A to Z of Postmodernist Literature and Theater. Rowman & Littlefield. pp. 338–. ISBN 9780810868557. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
- The Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica. 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.