From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Autodesk, Inc.
NASDAQ-100 Component
S&P 500 Component
Industry Software
Founded January 30, 1982; 36 years ago (1982-01-30)
Mill Valley, California, U.S.
Founders John Walker, Dan Drake
Headquarters San Rafael, California, U.S.
Key people
Crawford W. Beveridge
Andrew Anagnost
Products See products
Revenue Decrease US$2.03 billion (2017)[1] aqui
Decrease US$-499 million (2017)[1]
Decrease US$-582 million (2017)[1]
Total assets Decrease US$4.79 billion (2017)[1]
Total equity Decrease US$733 million (2017)[1]
Number of employees

9,000+ (2016)

7,000 (2017)

Autodesk, Inc. is an American multinational software corporation that makes software for the architecture, engineering, construction, manufacturing, media, and entertainment industries. Autodesk is headquartered in San Rafael, California, and features a gallery of its customers' work[2] in its San Francisco building. The company has offices worldwide, with U.S. locations in Northern California, Oregon, Colorado, Texas and in New England in New Hampshire and Massachusetts, and Canada locations in Ontario, Quebec, and Alberta.

The company was founded in 1982 by John Walker, a coauthor of the first versions of AutoCAD, the company's flagship computer-aided design (CAD) software. Its AutoCAD and Revit software is primarily used by architects, engineers, and structural designers to design, draft, and model buildings and other structures. Autodesk software has been used in many fields, from the One World Trade Center[3] to Tesla electric cars.[4]

Autodesk became best known for AutoCAD but now develops a broad range of software for design, engineering, and entertainment as well as a line of software for consumers, including Sketchbook, Homestyler, and Pixlr. The company makes educational versions of its software available at no cost to qualified students and faculty through the Autodesk Education Community, and also as a donation to eligible nonprofits through TechSoup Global. Autodesk's digital prototyping software, including Autodesk Inventor, Fusion 360, and the Autodesk Product Design Suite, are used in the manufacturing industry to visualize, simulate, and analyze real-world performance using a digital model during the design process.[5] The company's Revit line of software for building information modeling is designed to let users explore the planning, construction, and management of a building virtually before it is built.[6]

Autodesk's Media and Entertainment division creates software for visual effects, color grading, and editing as well as animation, game development, and design visualization.[7] 3ds Max and Maya are both 3D animation software used in film visual effects and game development.



A screenshot of AutoCAD, Autodesk's flagship product.

Platform Solutions and Emerging Business (PSEB) division develops and manages the product foundation for most Autodesk offerings across multiple markets, including Autodesk's flagship product AutoCAD, AutoCAD LT, AutoCAD for Mac, and AutoCAD 360. Autodesk Suites, Subscription and Web Services, which includes Autodesk Cloud, Autodesk Labs, and Global Engineering are also part of PSEB. In what was seen as an unusual step for a maker of high-end business software, Autodesk began offering AutoCAD LT 2012 for Mac through the Apple Mac App Store.[8] Also part of PSEB is the Autodesk Consumer Product Group, which was created in November 2010 to generate interest in 3-D design and “foster a new wave of designers who hunger for sophisticated software”.[9] The products from the group include 123D, Fluid FX, Homestyler, Pixlr, and SketchBook. Users range from children, students and artists to makers and DIYers.[10]

Architecture, engineering and construction[edit]

The Architecture, Engineering and Construction (AEC) industry group is headquartered in Waltham, Massachusetts, in a LEED Platinum building[11] designed and built using Autodesk software.[12] Autodesk's architecture, engineering, and construction solutions include AutoCAD-based design and documentation software such as AutoCAD Architecture (formerly Architectural Desktop), AutoCAD MEP[13] (formerly Autodesk Building Systems), and AutoCAD Civil 3D. Their flagship product for relational Building information modeling is Revit. Revit is available as Revit Architecture, Revit Structure, Revit MEP or an all-in-one product. The AEC division also develops and manages software for the Construction industry, including Buzzsaw, Constructware, and the NavisWorks (acquired 2007) product tools; the Infrastructure industry, including AutoCAD Civil 3D, AutoCAD Map3D, and AutoCAD MapGuide Enterprise; and the Plant industry, including AutoCAD P&ID and AutoCAD Plant 3D. The Autodesk Services Marketplace offering helps its clients train their team in AEC Industry[14]. Projects that have used software from the Autodesk AEC division include the NASA Ames building,[15] the San Francisco Bay Bridge,[16] the Shanghai Tower, and New York’s One World Trade Center.[17]


Autodesk's manufacturing industry group is headquartered in Lake Oswego, Oregon. The company's manufacturing software is used in various manufacturing segments, including industrial machinery, electro-mechanical, tool and die, industrial equipment, automotive components, and consumer products. Products include Fusion 360, the Autodesk Product Design Suite, Autodesk Factory Design Suite, Autodesk Inventor Suite, Autodesk Inventor Professional Suite, AutoCAD Mechanical, Autodesk Vault, Alias Products, Simulation Mechanical, CFD, and Moldflow.

Media and entertainment[edit]

Autodesk Media and Entertainment products are designed for digital media creation, management, and delivery, from film and television visual effects, color grading, and editing to animation, game development, and design visualization. Autodesk’s Media and Entertainment Division is based in Montreal, Quebec. It was established in 1999 after Autodesk, Inc. acquired Discreet Logic, Inc. and merged its operations with Kinetix. In January 2006, Autodesk acquired Alias, a developer of 3D graphics technology. In October 2008, Autodesk acquired the Softimage brand from Avid.[18] The principal product offerings from the Media and Entertainment Division are the Autodesk Entertainment Creation Suites, which include Maya, Softimage, 3ds Max, Mudbox, Smoke, Flame, and Lustre.

Much of Avatar's visual effects were created with Autodesk media and entertainment software. Autodesk software enabled Avatar director James Cameron to aim a camera at actors wearing motion-capture suits in a studio and see them as characters in the fictional world of Pandora in the film.[19] Autodesk software also played a role in the visual effects of Alice in Wonderland, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button, Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows Part 1, Inception, Iron Man 2, King Kong, Gladiator, Titanic, and other films.[20]

In 2011, Autodesk acquired a cloud-based set of image tools and utilities called Pixlr.[21]


Autodesk develops and purchased many specific-purpose renderers but many Autodesk products had been bundled with third-party renderers such as NVIDIA MentalRay or Iray.

  • Autodesk Raytracer (ART; aka RapidRT[22]) - a simple pathtracing renderer which is based on Opticore technology.[23][24]
  • Autodesk VRED - a OpenGL/offline renderer which supports direct NURBS raytracing
    • RenderGin (formerly Augenblick MMV) - a discontinued realtime NURBS raytracing renderer; the technology was merged into VRED.[26]
  • Autodesk Realtime Renderer (formerly VSR Realtime Renderer) - a discontinued raytracing renderer for Rhinoceros 3D.
  • Arnold Renderer - a CPU-only mono-directional pathtracing renderer for animation and visual effects
  • Turtle - a primary texture-baking renderer in Maya LT; its baking technology was also used in Beast, a discontinued lighting middleware with baking tools.
  • Maya Software - a scanline/raytracing hybrid renderer in Maya
  • 3ds Max Scanline - a scanline/raytracing/radiosity hybrid renderer in 3ds Max
    • Lightscape - a discontinued radiosity renderer; its technologies were merged within Autodesk VIZ (later 3ds Max Design).[27]
  • Maya Vector - a vector renderer based on Electric Rain's RAViX technology.[28]
  • One Graphics System - a GPU photorealistic/non-photorealistic renderer, aka Nitrous/Quicksilver[29] in 3ds Max and Viewport 2.0/Hardware 2.0 in Maya
    • Maya Hardware - a legacy GPU rasterize renderer in Maya 2017 or earlier.

Cloud rendering services[edit]

  • Autodesk Rendering (formerly A360 Rendering) - a simple cloud renderer
  • Lagoa MultiOptics - a discontinued cloud renderer for visualization
  • 3ds Max Cloud Rendering - a technology preview cloud rendering system for Arnold on 3ds Max.[30][31]
  • Azure Batch Rendering - a cloud rendering system for Maya, 3ds Max and Arnold, which is provided by Autodesk and Microsoft.[32]

Visualization tools[edit]

  • Autodesk ImageStudio (formerly Alias ImageStudio) - a discontinued visualization tool which is based on mental ray, marketed for Autodesk Alias.
  • Autodesk Showcase - a discontinued design visualization tool.
  • Autodesk Opticore Studio (formerly Opus Studio) - a discontinued design visualization tool.
  • Autodesk VRED (formerly PI-VR VRED)
  • 3ds Max Interactive - a real-time visualization tool which is based on Autodesk Stingray, shipped within 3ds Max.
  • Revit Live - a real-time visualization service for Autodesk Revit.

Discontinued products[edit]

Some of Autodesk's "retired" products are listed here:

  • Lightscape 3.2 Was the world's only radiosity rendering package at the time (1991) developed from work done by Donald Greenberg at the Cornell University Department of Computer Graphics. The problem with this part of Autodesk's history is that it was a time of discovery in computer graphics, and Cornell was one of the birthplaces for the technology. In this sense Lightscape was more than just another product, it was an essential part of the development of rendering technology generally, and part of its evolution. Additionally the software came from a university research department and represented the start of a development cycle that users the world over were watching closely. Regardless, Autodesk purchased rights to the software and promptly discontinued its sale. A primitive version of the radiosity renderer was incorporated into the companies 3d Studio Max product, while existing Lightscape customers and the product were simply dropped.[citation needed]
  • Volo View was a web-enabled review and markup tool from Autodesk for engineering data, including support for Autodesk's DWG, DXF, and DWF formats. Volo View enabled design teams to communicate ideas and review designs without access to AutoCAD software. Autodesk discontinued sales of Volo View on May 1, 2005. The latest version of the software, Volo View 3, worked with the following file formats: AutoCAD 2004, DWG and DXF; Design Web Format (DWF 6); Autodesk Inventor 7 IPT, IAM, and IDW and raster files. The functionality of this product is largely replaced by Autodesk DWF Composer (versions 1 and 2) later replaced by the free Autodesk Design Review. Autodesk has also released a free product called DWG TrueView. This product enables users to view and plot AutoCAD DWG and DXF files, and to publish these same files to the DWF file format.
  • Autodesk Animator Pro (DOS) and Autodesk Animator Studio (Windows) were products designed for cell based animation produced between the early-to-mid-1990s. At the time Autodesk was also advertising an Autodesk Media product similar in description to Macromedia Director but this product was never released to the public.
  • Cyberspace by Autodesk was an early real-time 3D environment capable of producing basic phong shaded walkthroughs of DXF format models in "realtime". No textures were supported, and the system was able to support a maximum DXF model size of around 35 KB.[citation needed] A popular demo model of the Parthenon in Greece was shown around the United States in a tour of the portable demo system – complete with virtual reality goggles.
  • AutoCAD Survey (Autodesk Survey)
  • Civil Design
  • AutoCAD Civil 3D Land Desktop Companion (AutoCAD Land Desktop)
  • Autodesk Mechanical Desktop
  • AutoCAD Freestyle, released in April 26, 2010 and discontinued January 31, 2011.
  • Inventor Fusion was discontinued August 23, 2014 due to redundancies with Fusion 360.[33]
  • Sketchbook designer has been discontinued as of November 1, 2012[34]
  • Softimage was discontinued after the release of Softimage 2015 in April 14, 2014.
    • Face Robot
    • Lagoa Multiphysics
  • Autodesk Stitcher Unlimited
  • Autodesk ImageModeler
  • Autodesk Movimento (formerly Realviz Movimento)
  • Autodesk Combustion
    • Discreet Effect (formerly Illuminaire Composition)
    • Discreet Paint (formerly Illuminaire Paint)
  • Cleaner Streaming Studio
    • Cleaner Live
    • Cleaner
    • Cinestream (formerly EditDV)
  • 3D software for game modification
    • gmax
    • Maya PLE[35]
    • XSI Mod Tool
  • Autodesk Opticore Realizer (formerly Opus Realizer)
  • Autodesk Opticore Studio (formerly Opus Studio)
  • Autodesk AutoCAD ecscad - the product was replaced by AutoCAD Electrical.[36]
  • tsElements for SolidWorks[37]
  • FBX Converter
  • FBX QuickTime Viewer
  • Autodesk Scaleform Unity Integration[38]
  • Autodesk Ecotect Analysis[39]
  • Buzzsaw[40]
  • Mockup 360[41] - the tool was replaced by A360 Viewer.[41]
  • Autodesk Remote[42]
  • Autodesk Advance Concrete[43]
  • Autodesk 123D
    • Autodesk 3D Print Utility - its features were merged into the Meshmixer.[44]
    • Autodesk 123D CNC Utility
    • Autodesk 123D Sculpt+ (formerly 123D Sculpt and Sculpt 123D)
    • Autodesk 123D Make - its slice feature was now in "Slicer for Fusion 360" add-in.[45][46]
    • Autodesk 123D Catch (formerly Project Photofly)
  • Autodesk plug-ins for Rhino
    • Autodesk T-Splines Plug-in for Rhino[47]
    • Autodesk Shape Modeling Plug-in for Rhino[47] (formerly VSR Shape Modeling)
    • Autodesk Realtime Renderer[47] (formerly VSR Realtime Renderer)
  • Autodesk Spark[48] - the 3D Print API in Autodesk Forge was also EOLed.[49]
  • Print Studio[50] - the tool was replaced by Netfabb.[50]
  • Autodesk Footwear CAM Software (formerly Delcam Crispin[51])[52]
  • Autodesk Delcam for Solidworks CAM Software
  • Autodesk Delcam Dentmill CAM Software
  • Autodesk Delcam Orthomill CAM Software
  • Autodesk Artcam CAM Software
  • Autodesk Inventor Publisher - the product was replaced by the presentation feature of Autodesk Inventor Professional.[53]
  • Pixlr for Desktop[54]
  • Autodesk Showcase[55][56]
    • Autodesk Real-Time Ray Tracing Cluster
  • Autodesk Homestyler[57]
  • Autodesk ReMake - the product was replaced by ReCap Photo in ReCap Pro.[58]
  • Autodesk Gameware
  • Lagoa[60]
  • Autodesk Stingray[61] (formerly Bitsquid) - the product is now part of 3ds Max as "3ds Max Interactive".

Maintenance-mode products[edit]

Sold-out products[edit]

  • Autodesk Seek - acquired by BIMobject AB.[62][63]
  • Autodesk Pixlr - acquired by 123RF.[64]


Autodesk's first notable product was AutoCAD, a computer-aided design application designed to run on the systems known as "microcomputers" at the time, including those running the 8-bit CP/M operating system and two of the new 16-bit systems, the Victor 9000 and the IBM Personal Computer (PC). This tool allowed users to create detailed technical drawings, and was affordable to many smaller design, engineering, and architecture companies.

Release 2.1 of AutoCAD, released in 1986, included AutoLISP, a built-in Lisp programming language interpreter initially based on XLISP.[65] This opened the door for third party developers to extend AutoCAD's functionality, to address a wide range of vertical markets, strengthening AutoCAD's market penetration.

Subsequent to AutoCAD Release 13, the company stopped supporting the Unix environment and the Apple Macintosh platform. After AutoCAD Release 14 (R13 was last DOS & Unix release), first shipped in 1997, Autodesk discontinued development under DOS, and focused exclusively on Microsoft Windows.

AutoCAD has grown to become the most widely used CAD program for 2D non-specialized applications.[66] The native file formats written by AutoCAD, DXF and DWG, are also widely used for CAD data interoperability.

In 1989, Autodesk's sales grew to over $100,000,000 after just four operational years.[67]

In the 1990s, with the purchase of Softdesk in 1997, Autodesk started to develop specialty versions of AutoCAD, targeted to broad industry segments, including architecture, civil engineering, and manufacturing. Since the late 1990s, the company has added a number of significant non-AutoCAD-based products, including Revit, a parametric building modeling application (acquired in 2002, from Massachusetts-based Revit Technologies for $133 million), and Inventor, an internally developed parametric mechanical design CAD application.

In Vernor v. Autodesk, Inc., Autodesk was sued in 2007 by Timothy Vernor, who alleged that he was entitled to sell on eBay "used" copies of AutoCAD software he had obtained at an office liquidation sale from an Autodesk licensee.[68] A federal district judge in Washington state denied Autodesk's initial motion to dismiss in early 2008. In February and March 2009, both sides filed motions for summary judgment addressing the issue whether the First Sale Doctrine applies to previously licensed software.[69] The Court ruled in Vernor's favor, holding that when the transfer of software to the purchaser materially resembled a sale (non-recurring price, right to perpetual possession of copy) it was, in fact, a "sale with restrictions on use"[70] giving rise to a right to resell the copy under the first-sale doctrine. As such, Autodesk could not pursue an action for copyright infringement against Vernor, who sought to resell used versions of its software on eBay. The decision was appealed to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which reversed the lower court ruling, denying Vernor the right to resale Autodesk software on eBay due to Autodesk's nontransferable licensing restrictions.[71] In October 2011, the U.S. Supreme Court let stand the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals ruling.[72]

Autodesk introduced its current logo at the TED conference in Long Beach, California on February 26, 2013.[73][74][75]

Autodesk announced the largest lay off in its history on Nov 27th 2017 with the lay off of 1,150 jobs. This is in addition to the almost 1,000 job cuts announced in January 2016. The number of Autodesk employees has shrunk from approximately 9,200 to 7,200 in less than 2 years.

Corporate acquisitions[edit]

  • On October 16, 1992, Autodesk acquired Micro Engineering Solutions (MES) Inc., a developer and marketer of manufacturing CAD / CAM software.[76][77][78]
  • On August 4, 1993, Autodesk acquired Ithaca Software, a 3D computer graphics company founded by Autodesk's current CEO Carl Bass and Garry Wiegand.[79][80]
  • On December 10, 1996, Autodesk announced its plan to acquire Softdesk, a developer of architecture, engineering and construction software.[81]
  • On May 6, 1998, Autodesk acquired assets of Genius CAD-Software to strengthen the functionality of its core mechanical products.[82]
  • On August 21, 1998, Autodesk agreed to acquire Discreet Logic Inc. for about $520 million in stock.[83]
  • On April 22, 1999, Autodesk acquired VISION* Solutions, a vendor of enterprise automated mapping/facilities management/geographic information systems (AM/FM/GIS) from MCI Systemhouse Corp.[84]
  • On January 24, 2001, Autodesk acquired Gentry Systems, a supplier of specialized software tools and services in the electric utility industry. The asset were used to strengthen Autodesk's position in the utility industry.[84]
  • On September 24, 2001, Autodesk acquired Buzzsaw.
  • On February 21, 2002, Autodesk acquired Revit Technology Corporation, a developer of parametric building technology for building design, construction, and management.
  • On August 6, 2002, Autodesk acquired CAiCE Software Corporation, a developer of surveying and engineering applications for transportation agencies and consultants.
  • On December 18, 2002, Autodesk acquired the assets of truEInnovations, Inc. to create the application Autodesk Vault.
  • On March 4, 2003, Autodesk acquired Linius Technologies, Inc. and purchased certain assets of a third software company—VIA Development Corporation.
  • On February 24, 2004, Autodesk acquired MechSoft, Inc., the developer of the MechSoft product.
  • On March 2005, Autodesk acquired the assets of COMPASS systems GmbH, to strengthen Autodesk's position in the European product data management market.[85]
  • On January 10, 2006, Autodesk acquired Alias, with its automotive styling and digital content creation applications such as FBX file format.[86]
  • On August 6, 2007, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Skymatter Inc, developer of Mudbox.[87]
  • On August 9, 2007, Autodesk Completes Acquisition of NavisWorks Limited.[88]
  • On August 20, 2007, Autodesk announced that it completed the acquisition of technology and product assets of Opticore AB in Gothenburg, Sweden.[89] Opticore is specialized in real time visualisation primarily for the carmakers industry.
  • On August 28, 2007, Autodesk announced the acquisition of PlassoTech, developers of CAE applications.[90]
  • On January 15, 2008, Autodesk completed the acquisition of Robobat, a France-based developer of structural engineering analysis applications.[91][92]
  • On February 12, 2008 Autodesk announces that it completed the acquisition of the assets of Carmel Software Corporation.
  • On May 1, 2008, Autodesk announced agreed to acquire Moldflow Corporation, a leading provider of injection molding simulation software.[93]
  • On May 7, 2008, Autodesk announced that it completed the acquisition of Kynogon SA, the privately held maker of Kynapse artificial intelligence middleware.[94] Paris-based Kynogon specialized in video game middleware and simulation.
  • The same day, Autodesk also announced the acquisition of REALVIZ S.A.[95] REALVIZ's flagship products are "Stitcher" software for the creation of panoramas and 360 degree virtual tours, and "ImageModeler" software to produce 3D models from photographs.
  • On June 26, 2008, a press release announced the acquisition of Square One Research and its flagship product, Ecotect.[96]
  • On October 23, 2008, Autodesk announced the acquisition on Avid's Softimage, Co. business, developers of 3D application Softimage (formerly Softimage|XSI).[97]
  • On December 15, 2008, Autodesk announced the acquisition of BIMWorld, plans to combine BIMWorld with Autodesk Seek.
  • On December 17, 2008, Autodesk agreed to acquire ALGOR, Inc. for approximately $34 million.[98]
  • On December 2009, Autodesk announced the acquisition of VisualTAO (also known as PlanPlatform), an Israeli start-up that developed cloud-based web and mobile applications that enable users to view and edit AutoCAD files online. VisualTAO became part of PSEB, and the product was released during 2010 as "AutoCAD WS".[99]
  • On July 21, 2010, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Illuminate Labs, the maker of Beast (a global illumination middleware) and Turtle (a global illumination plugin for Maya) used for video game development.[100]
  • On February 17, 2011, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Blue Ridge Numerics, Inc., a leading provider of simulation software.[101]
  • On March 1, 2011, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Scaleform, a UI middleware for video games.[102]
  • On July 19, 2011, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Pixlr, online photo editing and sharing service.[103]
  • On August 1, 2011, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Instructables, a website and platform where users can share their ideas and collaborate with a variety of do-it-yourself projects.[104]
  • On August 25, 2011, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Numenus, which optimizes CAD and construction processes by using NURBS technology.[105]
  • On November 6, 2011, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Grip Entertainment, which develops behavior control systems for computer-controlled characters in video games.[106]
  • On December 16, 2011, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Horizontal Systems, a provider of cloud-based BIM (Building Information Modeling) collaboration solutions for the AEC (architecture, engineering and construction) industry.[107]
  • On October 4, 2012, Autodesk announced the acquisition of Qontext, Inc., an enterprise social collaboration platform to accelerate Autodesk’s ongoing move to the cloud and expansion of social capabilities in the Autodesk 360 cloud-based service.[108]
  • On March 19, 2013, Autodesk completed the acquisition of Firehole Technologies, a developer of design and analysis software for composite materials.[109]
  • On May 18, 2013, TinkerCAD announced it had been bought by Autodesk.[110] TinkerCAD is a browser-based 3D solid modelling tool for rapid prototyping known for its simple interface and entry-level ease of use.[111]
  • On October 2, 2013, Autodesk signs agreement to acquire structural fabrication and detailing software- Advance Steel from Graitec.[112]
  • On February 6, 2014, Autodesk completed the acquisition of Delcam, a UK based supplier of advanced CAD/CAM software for the manufacturing industry.[113]
  • On March 19, 2014, Creative Market announced it had been bought by Autodesk.[114] Creative Market is a platform for handcrafted, mousemade design content from independent creatives around the world.
  • On May 2014, Autodesk acquired Within Technologies, a company founded by Siavash Haroun Mahdavi.[115]
  • On June 25, 2014, Shotgun Software announced that it had been acquired by Autodesk.[116] Shotgun Software are the publishers of the popular "Shotgun" project tracking software for media and entertainment content creation.
  • On August 27, 2015, Autodesk signs agreement to acquire SeeControl.[117]
  • On April 18, 2016, Autodesk announced that it had acquired SolidAngle, creator of "Arnold" rendering software.[118]
  • On June 27, 2016, Autodesk acquired CadSoft Computer GmbH, creator of the PCB design software EAGLE, from Premier Farnell.[119]


Autodesk's Simulation CFD includes modeling and thermal modeling tools for architectural and MEP applications. Common applications for environmental sustainable design include mechanical ventilation, external flow (wind loading), natural ventilation, and occupant comfort. Other energy applications include analysis for building energy, solar load, advanced energy and heating and cooling.[120][121] Autodesk introduced C-FACT, an open-source, science-driven approach to setting greenhouse gas reduction targets, which calls for greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions to be made in proportion to a company’s gross domestic product (GDP). Unlike other carbon accounting methods, Autodesk’s C-FACT measures carbon dioxide emissions that are proportional to a company’s global GDP contribution.[122] Autodesk will derive its own targets using this approach through 2020.

In 2006, Autodesk sponsored a PBS program named e² Design,[123] which focused on going green in building designs around the world where viewers learn about the leaders and technologies driving sustainable design.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e "Autodesk, Inc. Form 10-K, Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2017". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. July 21, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Autodesk Gallery - Autodesk". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "BIM and the Freedom Tower 2 (AEC Magazine)". 
  4. ^ Brown, Steven E.F. (September 20, 2010). "Tesla shows off sedan at Autodesk gallery (San Francisco Business Times)". 
  5. ^ "Autodesk – Digital Prototyping". Autodesk. 2008. 
  6. ^ "Autodesk Revit Architecture". Autodesk. 2011. 
  7. ^ "Autodesk – Media & Entertainment". Autodesk. 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-01-24. 
  8. ^ Clark, Don (August 16, 2011). "Autodesk Adopts Apple App Store for Mac Software (Wall Street Journal Digits Blog)". The Wall Street Journal. 
  9. ^ Vance, Ashlee (May 7, 2010). "Autodesk for the People (The New York Times Bits Blog)". 
  10. ^ Gustin, Sam (May 3, 2011). "Democratizing Design: Autodesk's CEO Carl Bass Announces 123D)". Wired. 
  11. ^ "LEED Platinum Certified Buildings (M. Landman Communications & Consulting)". 
  12. ^ "Autodesk to Open New AEC Headquarters in Waltham, MA, Seeks LEED Gold Certification for Core and Shell, Platinum LEED for Commercial Interior (Autodesk)". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. 
  13. ^ "AutoCAD MEP product page". Autodesk. Retrieved 22 October 2012. 
  14. ^ "Autodesk launches Services Marketplace to enable clients to adapt to industry requirements - Geospatial World". Geospatial World. 2017-10-24. Retrieved 2017-10-25. 
  15. ^ "NASA Building and Bloom Laptop Show Future of Smart Green Design at Autodesk (Treehugger)". 
  16. ^ Levitin, Michael (June 17, 2011). "Autodesk crunches numbers for green designs (San Francisco Business Times)". 
  17. ^ "Autodesk AEC Technology Day 2011 (AECbytes)". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. 
  18. ^ "Autodesk Completes Acquisition of Softimage". fxguide. 2008-11-19. Retrieved 2017-07-20. 
  19. ^ "Fiction Film Technology to Shine at Academy Awards (7 News)". 
  20. ^ "Autodesk: The Secret Star Behind Oscar-Winning Visual Effects (Fast Company)". 
  21. ^ "Tech Crunch". 
  22. ^ Template-Based Workflows in Autodesk 3ds Max 2016 Archived July 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. P.42 Autodesk
  23. ^ From Virtual to Reality - How high fidelity visualization based on Autodesk Rapid RT technology is accelerating product design decisions Archived July 19, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Intel 2013
  24. ^ Unbundled Flame shines at NAB Archived June 3, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. GraphicSpeak May 5, 2016
  25. ^ Opticore Opus Real Time Ray Tracing (Opus RTRT) P.3 Opticore
  26. ^ July 11, 2013 Archived August 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. NUMENUS GmbH
  27. ^ "Mastering Autodesk VIZ 2008" P.579 Jon McFarland ISBN 978-0470144824
  28. ^ NAB: RAViX III makes Maya 5 Flash export possible Archived January 6, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. Mac World April 8, 2003
  29. ^ Autodesk Acquires Pi-VR, Distributes Pinhole Glasses to Prevent Eyeball Melting Archived May 7, 2016, at the Wayback Machine. SolidSmack January 8, 2013
  30. ^ 0.6.376 - Arnold for 3DS Max User Guide 5 - Solid Angle, Autodesk, September 28, 2016
  31. ^ Autodesk 3ds Max Cloud Rendering, Autodesk
  32. ^ Autodesk and Microsoft unveil Azure Batch Rendering, CG Channel, May 26, 2017
  33. ^ "Inventor Fusion SUPPORT WILL BE ... - Autodesk Community". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  34. ^ "SketchBook Designer - Concept Design & Illustration Software - Autodesk". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  35. ^ Maya PLE To Enhance Unreal Tournament 2003 CGSociety. August 30, 2002
  36. ^ FAQ: Autodesk Licensing of Autodesk AutoCAD ecscad product, Autodesk, 2014
  37. ^ Yes, Autodesk is Finally Ending T-Splines, SolidSmack, December 12, 2016
  38. ^ Re: Don't buy Scaleform Unity3D plugin Autodesk February 1, 2016
  39. ^ Ecotect Analysis Discontinuation FAQ, Autodesk, April 20, 2016
  40. ^ Buzzsaw is no longer available for purchase, Autodesk
  41. ^ a b Mockup 360 is no longer available, Autodesk
  42. ^ Discontinued: Autodesk Remote. Autodesk
  43. ^ Autodesk Advance Concrete is no longer available, Autodesk
  44. ^ Meshmixer 2.1 Evermotion February 21, 2014
  45. ^ Fusion 360 Adds “Slicer” for Laser Cutting and CNC Routing Maker Media February 17, 2017
  46. ^ QUICK TIP: Slicer for Fusion 360 Autodesk February 21, 2017
  47. ^ a b c The future of Autodesk plug-ins for Rhino Autodesk November 17, 2016
  48. ^ Spark Has Shut Down Autodesk
  49. ^ End of Life Autodesk
  50. ^ a b Autodesk Discontinues Manufacture of Open Source Ember 3D Printer. April 12, 2017. 3DR Holdings
  51. ^ Autodesk Footwear group to digitise design to manufacture of footwear. TCT Magazine. October 6, 2015
  52. ^ Re: Password for crispin shoemaker. Autodesk. February 1, 2017
  53. ^ Autodesk Inventor Publisher Discontinuation FAQ for Partners and Autodesk Sales, Autodesk, 2016
  54. ^ Sunset: Pixlr for Desktop Autodesk February 28, 2017
  55. ^ Showcase is no longer available for purchase, Autodesk
  56. ^ Autodesk Showcase Discontinuation FAQ, Autodesk, 2017
  57. ^ Autodesk Homestyler products discontinued, Autodesk, June 9, 2017
  58. ^ ReCap Photo Frequently Asked Questions, Autodesk, September 27, 2017
  59. ^ a b c d Autodesk game middleware products are no longer available for purchase, Autodesk, 2017
  60. ^ Time to say Goodbye to Lagoa, LAGOA, November 2, 2017
  61. ^ Changes to Autodesk Stingray FAQ, Autodesk, December 11, 2017
  62. ^ Seek No More … Your BIM Data Is Now on BIMobject. February 01, 2017.
  63. ^ BIMobject Cloud reaches 400 000 users. Nasdaq. April 25, 2017.
  64. ^ 123RF Acquires Autodesk Pixlr To Boost the World’s Creative Ecosystem. Business Wire. April 28, 2017.
  65. ^ "AutoCAD Major Feature Release History". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  66. ^ "Cimmetry Releases Autovue 17.1 Service Pack 4s". 2004-04-07. Retrieved 2004-04-07. 
  67. ^ "The Fascinating Story of How Autodesk Came to Be (Part 1) - Studio Daily". Studio Daily. 2012-01-07. Retrieved 2017-08-21. 
  68. ^ "Autodesk sued for $10 million after invoking DMCA to stop eBay resales". Ars Technica. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  69. ^ "Court smacks Autodesk, affirms right to sell used software". Ars Technica. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  70. ^ United States v. Wise, 550 F.2d 1180 Archived February 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. (9th Cir. 1977).
  71. ^ "Autodesk wins copyright appeal (Reuters)". September 10, 2010. 
  72. ^ Faille, Christopher. "Supreme Court Decides Software Law By Not Deciding (Forbes)". 
  73. ^ Autodesk Unveils New Brand Archived April 16, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Cadalyst. February 26, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  74. ^ Autodesk unveils new logo as part of in-house rebrand Archived March 8, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. Digital Arts. March 26, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  75. ^ Not Your Father’s Autodesk Archived April 15, 2016, at the Wayback Machine.. In the Fold. February 26, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
  76. ^ "Press Release". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  77. ^ Solution 3000 Micro Engineering Story.wmv. YouTube. 18 June 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  78. ^ Micro Engineering Solutions, Inc.
  79. ^ "It was twenty years ago today... - It is Alive in the Lab". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  80. ^ "Autodesk fired him - now he's the CEO". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  81. ^ "Autodesk to buy Softdesk, via CNET". 
  82. ^[permanent dead link]
  83. ^ "AUTODESK SAYS IT WILL ACQUIRE DISCREET LOGIC". Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  84. ^ a b "Google Answers: Acquisitions of companies by Autodesk since 1996". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  85. ^ "Autodesk - Investor Relations - News Release". 24 September 2012. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  86. ^ "Autodesk & Alias". 2006-03-12. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  87. ^ "Autodesk Signs Definitive Agreement to Acquire Skymatter, Makers of Mudbox 3D Brush-based Modeling Software". Autodesk. 6 August 2007. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. 
  88. ^ "Autodesk Completes Acquisition of NavisWorks". 2007-08-09. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  89. ^ "Autodesk Completes Acquisition of Opticore AB". 2007-08-20. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  90. ^ "Autodesk Acquires PlassoTech". Taume News. 28 August 2007. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. 
  91. ^ "Autodesk Announces Intent to Acquire Robobat". Autodesk. 25 November 2007. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. 
  92. ^ "Autodesk Completes Acquisition of Robobat". Autodesk. 15 January 2008. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013. 
  93. ^ "Autodesk Announces Intent to Acquire Moldflow". 2008-05-01. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  94. ^ "Autodesk Completes Acquisition of Kynogon SA". 2008-05-07. Archived from the original on 21 April 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  95. ^ "Autodesk Acquires Assets of REALVIZ, Developer of Image-Based Content Creation Software". 2008-05-07. Archived from the original on 10 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  96. ^ "Autodesk Enhances Sustainable Design Capabilities With Acquisitions of Ecotect and Green Building Studio Analysis Tools". 2008-06-26. Archived from the original on September 25, 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-03. 
  97. ^ "Autodesk Signs Agreement With Avid Technology to Acquire Softimage". 2008-10-23. Archived from the original on 26 October 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-24. 
  98. ^ "Autodesk to Acquire ALGOR, Inc". 2008-12-17. Archived from the original on 26 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  99. ^ "Autodesk Acquires Sequoia-Backed Software Design Startup PlanPlatform". 2009-12-17. 
  100. ^ "Autodesk - Newsroom - Autodesk Acquires Illuminate Labs – Maker of Lighting Technology for Games". 21 July 2010. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  101. ^ "Autodesk Agrees to Acquire Blue Ridge Numerics, Inc". 17 February 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  102. ^ "Game Development Software - Game Developer Tools - Autodesk Gameware". Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  103. ^ "Autodesk Acquires Pixlr". 19 July 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  104. ^ "Autodesk Acquires DIY Community Instructables (TechCrunch)". 
  105. ^ Hughes, Kerrie (2011-08-30). "Autodesk aquires [sic] Numenus raytracing technology". 3D World. Retrieved 2011-12-04. 
  106. ^ Berkow, Jameson (2011-11-07). "Autodesk acquires Montreal's Grip Entertainment (Financial Post)". Retrieved 2011-12-04. 
  107. ^ "Autodesk completes acquisition of Horizontal Systems, Inc". 
  108. ^ "Autodesk Acquires Qontext Social Collaboration Platform". 
  109. ^ "Autodesk Acquires Firehole Composites". Composites Today. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  110. ^ Backman, Kai (18 May 2013). "Tinkercad has found a new home at Autodesk". TinkerCAD. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  111. ^ Herrman, John. "How to Get Started 3D Modeling and Printing". Hearst Communication. Retrieved 19 May 2013. 
  112. ^ "Autodesk Signs Agreement to Acquire Structural Fabrication and Detailing Technology from Graitec". Archived from the original on 2015-12-22. 
  113. ^ "Autodesk Completes Acquisition of Delcam". Archived from the original on 16 April 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2015. 
  114. ^ "Building the World's Marketplace for Design". Creative Market. Creative Market. 19 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  115. ^ Terry, Wohlers (26 October 2014). "Autodesk Tools for 3D Printing". Wohlers Talk. 
  116. ^ "Blastoff!". Shotgun Software. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2015. 
  117. ^ "Autodesk Signs Agreement to Acquire SeeControl | Autodesk - Newsroom - Press Releases". Archived from the original on 2016-02-05. Retrieved 2016-02-22. 
  118. ^ "Autodesk announces acquisition of SolidAngle". Retrieved January 20, 2017. 
  119. ^ Buetow, Mike (2016-06-27). "Autodesk Acquires Eagle from Cadsoft". Printed Circuit Design & Fab. UP Media Group Inc. Archived from the original on 2017-09-17. Retrieved 2017-09-17. 
  120. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-01-16. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  121. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-09-10. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  122. ^ "Autodesk Offers Free Carbon Management Tool for Businesses (Fast Company)". 
  123. ^ "e² - design - PBS". Retrieved 25 September 2015. 

External links[edit]