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Autogenocide is the arbitrary or ideologically inspired mass murder of a country's citizens by a country's government. In an autogenocide, the perpetrators and the victims of the mass murder are members of the same ethnic group.[1] Auto comes from the Greek reflexive pronoun while genocide comes from Greek genos meaning "race, tribe" and the Latin word -cidere meaning "kill".

In the latter half of the 1970s, "autogenocide" was coined as a descriptive term for the actions of the Khmer Rouge government of Democratic Kampuchea, to distinguish such acts from the genocides of groups which are considered the "others" by governments, such as The Holocaust and the Romani Holocaust, the killing of Jews, Romani people and people of Slavic origin by Nazi Germany during World War II.[2] According to Samuel Totten, 25% of the urban Khmer population or 500,000 people perished under the rule of the Khmer Rouge, along with 16% of the rural Khmer population or 825,000 people[3] putting the killing at a scale which is comparable to the genocide of the Roma (25% of the Roma population of Europe or 130,000 to 500 thousand people perished)[4] and the genocide of Serbians (300 to 500 thousand Serbs)[5] during the Holocaust drawing the comparison to genocide aforementioned.

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  1. ^ MSN Encarta - Dictionary - autogenocide definition. Archived 2009-10-31.
  2. ^ Bjornson, Karin. Genocide and Gross Human Rights Violations, Transaction Publishers, June 30, 1998
  3. ^ White, Matthew. "20th Century death tolls larger than one million but fewer than 5 million people-Cambodia". necrometrics.
  4. ^ Niewyk, Donald L.; Nicosia, Francis R. (2000). The Columbia Guide to the Holocaust. Columbia University Press. p. 47. ISBN 978-0-231-50590-1. Retrieved 5 July 2016.
  5. ^ Žerjavić, Vladimir (1993). Yugoslavia - Manipulations with the number of Second World War victims. Croatian Information Centre. ISBN 0-919817-32-7.

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