Cargo spacecraft

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A collage of automated cargo spacecraft used in the past or present to resupply the International Space Station

Cargo spacecraft are robotic spacecraft that are designed to support space stations operation by transporting food, propellant and other supplies. This is different from space probes, whose missions are to conduct scientific investigations.

Automated cargo spacecraft have been used since 1978 and have serviced Salyut 6, Salyut 7, Mir, the International Space Station and Tiangong space laboratory.


Current spacecraft[edit]

Defunct or retired projects[edit]

Spacecraft in development[edit]

Unmanned resupply spacecraft comparison.png

Canceled projects[edit]

  • The American private-sector Kistler K-1 from Rocketplane Kistler saw its contract with NASA terminated in October 2007 when the company failed to meet objectives. The contract was re-awarded to Orbital Sciences Corporation.[10][11]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Gunter's Space Page: Progress-M 1M - 10M (11F615A60, 7KTGM).
  2. ^ "NASA Sets Briefing, TV Coverage of Japan's First Cargo Spacecraft". NASA. Retrieved 2009-09-03.
  3. ^ "F9/Dragon Will Replace the Cargo Transport Function of the Space Shuttle after 2010". SpaceX. 2008-12-23. Retrieved 2010-02-15.
  4. ^ "Canadarm2 Captures Cygnus".
  5. ^ "China launches its first unmanned cargo spacecraft". 2017-04-20. Retrieved 2017-04-20.
  6. ^ ESA Automatic Transfer Vehicle
  7. ^ Thales Alenia Space ATV & ISS Modules, archived from the original on 2010-07-06
  8. ^ Space News: Boeing Offers CST-100 for ISS Cargo Contract (16 December 2014)
  9. ^ "NASA Awards International Space Station Cargo Transport Contracts". January 14, 2016.
  10. ^ - Rocketplane Kistler Appeals NASA Decision to Terminate COTS Agreement (22 October 2007)
  11. ^ Orbital Wins $171 Million Space Station Re-Supply Demo Deal (19 February 2008)