Automotive industry in Brazil

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The Brazilian automotive industry competed with other Latin American ones (Mexico) comparably until 1960, then grew substantially. Near the end of the 1970s new capacities were built by the United States and Germany. In addition to available and annual production, which exceeded one million and provided world's 10th place for country. After some decrease near 1990, the new and more strong growth by help of same foreign players plus Japan and France allowed Brazil to beat such old auto makers as Belgium, United Kingdom, the United States[citation needed], Canada, Russia, Spain, France and annual production exceeded 3,7 million vehicles in 2013 seventh largest in the World, although they have fallen substantially more recently.

The Brazilian industry is regulated by the Associação Nacional dos Fabricantes de Veículos Automotores (Anfavea), created in 1956, which includes automakers (automobiles, light vehicles, trucks and buses) and agriculture machines with factories in Brazil. Anfavea is part of the Organisation Internationale des Constructeurs d'Automobiles (OICA), based in Paris.

Most large global automotive companies are present in Brazil; such as BMW Group (BMW, Mini, Rolls Royce Imported), BYD, Chery, Ford including ex Troller, Geely, General Motors, Honda, Hyundai, JAC Motors, Kia, Land Rover, Lifan, Mercedes-Benz, Mitsubishi, Nissan Motors, Porsche imported, Renault, Stellantis (Citroën, Fiat, Peugeot, Jeep), Subaru, Toyota & Lexus, Volkswagen Group (Audi, MAN SE, Scania AB, Volkswagen) Volvo Trucks etc., and also the consagrated national companies such as Agrale, Marcopolo S.A., Randon S.A. etc. Some traditionally produce modern equipped replicas of older models. In the past there were national brands such as DKW Vemag, FNM (Fabrica Nacional de Motores) and Gurgel.

History[edit]

The first Brazilian automotive industry was the work of Henry Ford, who started the Brazilian subsidiary of Ford Motor Company in 1919, assembling Model T cars and TT trucks in São Paulo. In 1921 Ford opened its own production facility, known as Solon Plant. Ford was followed by General Motors in 1926 with the assembly of the first Chevrolet cars in São Paulo.[1]

In 1956, in the city of Santa Bárbara d'Oeste (São Paulo), the Romi-Isetta, an early Brazilian car, was first produced. In 1958, Toyota started to produce its famous Land Cruiser. In 1959, in the municipality of São Bernardo do Campo, the first Volkswagen factory was built. It started manufacturing the Type 2, which preceded the famous Beetle (known in Brazil as Fusca). At the same time, a Brazilian entrepreneur, Mr. Sebastiao William Cardoso, started producing an electrical small jeep called Tupi. In 1967, Puma began selling sports cars.[2][3]

Chevrolet and Ford started manufacturing trucks in 1957 and work vehicles and automobiles in Brazil in the 1960s. The Italian giant Fiat established its first factory in Brazil in the 1970s, and Mercedes Benz started to produce trucks and buses during the 1950s, and eventually opened an automobile factory in 1998.[citation needed]

These companies dominated the Brazilian market until the middle 1990s when the Brazilian market was finally opened to Imports. In the 1990s, more auto companies settled and opened factories in Brazil, including: Nissan, Renault, Peugeot, Citroën, Honda, Hyundai, Mitsubishi, Chrysler and Audi.[citation needed]

Currently, the most successful genuine Brazilian auto company is Troller, with its T4 and Pantanal models. It sells all over Latin America and Africa. In the last few years, the Brazilian auto industry has grown quickly, attracting investments from the main global automakers. In 2007, Brazilian production grew 14% compared to 2006 figures, reaching more than 4 million vehicles.[4][citation needed]

Since 2008 Brazil has passed France and became highest achieved world's sixth largest producer, but was beaten by India in 2011, and slightly down to 7th place.[citation needed]

In October 2012, the Inovar-Auto program was approved by decree with the theoretical goals of encouraging automakers to produce more Fuel efficient vehicles and investing in the national automotive industry, by managing taxation exceptions (IPI = tax over industrialized product). However, the program has received criticism, especially of protectionism. Recently, Brazil lost a WTO dispute against Tax advantages and illegal practices of protectionism.[5]

Historical production by year[edit]

Year Quantity < 0.5  0.5 — 1 millions 1 — 2 millions 2 — 3 millions 3 — 4 millions > 4 millions
1950 -  
1960 133,000    
1970 416,089    
1980 1,165,174    
1990 914,466    
2000 1,681,517    
2005 2,530,840    
2006 2,611,034    
2007 2,970,818    
2008 3,220,475    
2009 3,182,617    
2010 3,381,728    
2011 3,406,150    
2012 3,402,508    
2013 3,712,380    
2014 3,364,890    
2015 2,429,463    
2016 2,157,379    
2017 2,699,672
2018 2,880,724
2019 2,944,962
2020 2.014.055  
2021 2,248,253  

Historical sales[edit]

Top 10 best-selling models in Brazil (new passenger and commercial vehicles), 1977–2021
Source : BSCB,[6] Fenabrave[7]
Table indicators

  Mini (A) / Small (B) Car        Medium (C) / Large (D) Car        Executive (E) / Sports (S) Car        Coupé utility / Pickup        Crossover / SUV (J)        Van

Year Models and Ranking Year
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
1977 Volkswagen Fusca Volkswagen Brasilia Volkswagen Passat Ford Corcel Chevrolet Chevette Fiat 147 not available 1977
1978 Volkswagen Fusca Volkswagen Brasilia Fiat 147 Volkswagen Passat Chevrolet Chevette Ford Corcel not available 1978
1979 Volkswagen Fusca Volkswagen Brasilia Fiat 147 Volkswagen Passat Chevrolet Chevette Ford Corcel not available 1979
1980–1987 not available
1988 Volkswagen Gol Chevrolet Monza Ford Escort Chevrolet Chevette Fiat Uno Volkswagen Voyage Volkswagen Santana Volkswagen Parati Ford Del Rey Chevrolet Opala 1988
1989 Volkswagen Gol Chevrolet Monza Ford Escort Fiat Uno Chevrolet Chevette Volkswagen Santana Volkswagen Parati Volkswagen Voyage Chevrolet Kadett Chevrolet D-20 1989
1990 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Chevrolet Monza Volkswagen Parati Chevrolet Kadett Volkswagen Voyage Ford Verona Ford Escort Chevrolet Chevette Volkswagen Santana 1990
1991 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Chevrolet Monza Ford Escort Chevrolet Kadett Ford Verona Volkswagen Parati Volkswagen Apollo Volkswagen Santana Chevrolet Chevette 1991
1992 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Chevrolet Monza Chevrolet Kadett Volkswagen Parati Ford Escort Chevrolet Chevette Volkswagen Santana Ford Verona Fiat Tempra 1992
1993 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Ford Escort Chevrolet Kadett Chevrolet Monza Volkswagen Logus Volkswagen Parati Chevrolet Chevette Fiat Tempra Volkswagen Santana 1993
1994 Fiat Uno Volkswagen Gol Ford Escort Fiat Tipo Chevrolet Corsa Chevrolet Monza Chevrolet Kadett Fiat Tempra Volkswagen Logus Volkswagen Parati 1994
1995 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Chevrolet Corsa Ford Escort Fiat Tipo Volkswagen Golf Fiat Tempra Chevrolet Kadett Volkswagen Santana Chevrolet Monza 1995
1996 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Chevrolet Corsa (Hatch) Fiat Palio Ford Escort Ford Fiesta Chevrolet Vectra Chevrolet Kadett Volkswagen Santana Fiat Tempra 1996
1997 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Palio Chevrolet Corsa (Hatch) Fiat Uno Ford Fiesta Chevrolet Vectra Volkswagen Parati Ford Ka Volkswagen Kombi Fiat Palio Weekend 1997
1998 Volkswagen Gol not available 1998
1999 Volkswagen Gol not available 1999
2000 Volkswagen Gol not available 2000
2001 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Palio Fiat Uno Chevrolet Celta Chevrolet Corsa (Sedan) Chevrolet Corsa (Hatch) Ford Fiesta Fiat Palio Weekend Fiat Siena Volkswagen Golf 2001
2002 Volkswagen Gol Chevrolet Corsa Fiat Palio Chevrolet Celta Fiat Uno Ford Fiesta Renault Clio Peugeot 206 Chevrolet Astra Fiat Siena 2002
2003 Volkswagen Gol Chevrolet Corsa Fiat Palio Chevrolet Celta Fiat Uno Ford Fiesta Renault Clio Fiat Siena Chevrolet Astra Toyota Corolla 2003
2004 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Palio Chevrolet Corsa Chevrolet Celta Fiat Uno Ford Fiesta Volkswagen Fox Fiat Siena Chevrolet Astra Ford EcoSport 2004
2005 Volkswagen Gol Chevrolet Corsa Fiat Palio Chevrolet Celta Fiat Uno Ford Fiesta Volkswagen Fox Ford EcoSport Fiat Siena Fiat Strada 2005
2006 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Palio Chevrolet Celta Fiat Uno Volkswagen Fox/Cross Chevrolet Corsa (Sedan) Fiat Siena Ford Fiesta (Hatch) Ford EcoSport Fiat Strada 2006
2007 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Palio Fiat Uno Volkswagen Fox/Cross Chevrolet Celta Chevrolet Corsa (Sedan) Fiat Siena Ford Fiesta (Hatch) Fiat Strada Chevrolet Prisma 2007
2008 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Palio Fiat Uno Chevrolet Corsa (Sedan) Chevrolet Celta Volkswagen Fox/Cross Fiat Siena Fiat Strada Honda Civic Ford Ka 2008
2009 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Palio Fiat Uno Chevrolet Celta Chevrolet Corsa (Sedan) Volkswagen Fox/Cross Fiat Siena Fiat Strada Volkswagen Voyage Ford Ka 2009
2010 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Chevrolet Celta Volkswagen Fox/Cross Chevrolet Corsa (Sedan) Fiat Palio Fiat Siena Fiat Strada Ford Fiesta (Hatch) Ford Ka 2010
2011 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Chevrolet Celta Chevrolet Corsa (Sedan) Volkswagen Fox/Cross Fiat Strada Fiat Palio Fiat Siena Volkswagen Voyage Ford Fiesta (Hatch) 2011
2012 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Fiat Palio Volkswagen Fox/Cross Chevrolet Celta Fiat Strada Ford Fiesta (Hatch) Fiat Siena Chevrolet Corsa (Sedan) Renault Sandero 2012
2013 Volkswagen Gol Fiat Uno Fiat Palio Ford Fiesta (Hatch) Volkswagen Fox/Cross Fiat Siena Fiat Strada Chevrolet Onix Hyundai HB20 Renault Sandero 2013
2014 Fiat Palio Volkswagen Gol Fiat Strada Chevrolet Onix not available Hyundai HB20 not available 2014
2015 Chevrolet Onix Fiat Palio Hyundai HB20 Fiat Strada Ford Ka (Hatch) Volkswagen Gol not available 2015
2016 Chevrolet Onix Hyundai HB20 Ford Ka (Hatch) Chevrolet Prisma Toyota Corolla Fiat Palio Renault Sandero Volkswagen Gol Fiat Strada Honda HR-V 2016[8]
2017 Chevrolet Onix Hyundai HB20 Ford Ka (Hatch) Volkswagen Gol Chevrolet Prisma Renault Sandero Toyota Corolla Fiat Strada Fiat Mobi Fiat Toro 2017
2018 Chevrolet Onix Hyundai HB20 Ford Ka (Hatch) Volkswagen Gol Chevrolet Prisma Volkswagen Polo Renault Kwid Fiat Strada Fiat Argo Jeep Compass 2018
2019 Chevrolet Onix Ford Ka (Hatch) Hyundai HB20 Renault Kwid Volkswagen Gol Fiat Argo Fiat Strada Chevrolet Prisma Volkswagen Polo Jeep Renegade 2019[9]
2020 Chevrolet Onix (Hatch) Ford Ka (Hatch) Hyundai HB20 Chevrolet Onix Plus Fiat Strada Volkswagen Gol Fiat Argo Volkswagen T-Cross Jeep Renegade Fiat Toro 2020[10]
2021 Fiat Strada Hyundai HB20 Fiat Argo Jeep Renegade Chevrolet Onix (Hatch) Jeep Compass Fiat Toro Volkswagen Gol Fiat Mobi Hyundai Creta 2021[11]
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
See also : Best-selling models in

Manufacturers[edit]

Current[edit]

Local owned

Passenger vehicles manufacturers

Motorcycle & Bicycle manufacturers

Bus, coach & truck manufacturers

Tractors manufacturers

Automobile Foreign Owned

Here's a link to a map containing all plants currently in Brazil: [1][2]

Motorcycles Foreign Owned

Former[edit]

Custom & Unique Prototypes[edit]

School & Diverses[edit]

  • Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos USP - Griffon[250]
  • FEI – Faculdade de Engenharia Industrial - Engineering School Producing several diverse Prototypes during Decades since 1946[251][252]
  • Former Several Start-Up Enterprises in Diverse Types of Production[253]

Local manufacture encouraged[edit]

Brazil has a 35 percent tariff on imported cars.[254][255]

Passenger cars currently offered & manufactured in Brazil in large Scale[edit]

BMW: 3 Series, X1, X3, X4. Imported: 1 Series, 2 Series, 4 Series, 5 Series, 7 Series, X2, X5, X6, X7, Z4 and i3

Chery: Arrizo 5, Arrizo 6, Tiggo 2, Tiggo 5X, Tiggo 7, Tiggo 8

Chevrolet: Onix, Onix Plus, S10, Spin, Tracker, Trailblazer. Import: Cruze, Equinox

Citroën: C4 Cactus, Jumper, Jumpy

Fiat: Argo, Cronos, Ducato, Mobi, Pulse, Strada, Toro, Uno Ciao (Limited Last Edition)

Honda: Accord, Civic, City, City Hatchback, CR-V, Fit, HR-V, WR-V

Hyundai: Creta, HB20, HB20S, HB20X, ix35 (LM), Tucson (TM)

Jeep: Compass, Renegade

Land Rover: Land Rover Discovery, Land Rover Defender, Range Rover Evoque, Range Rover Velar

MINI: Clubman, Countryman and electrics. Imported: Cabrio

Mitsubishi: L200 Triton; Imported: Eclipse Cross, Outlander, Pajero

Nissan: Frontier, Kicks, Leaf, Versa

Peugeot: 208, 2008, 3008 and electric vans imported

Renault: Captur, Duster, Duster Oroch, Logan, Kwid, Sandero

Toyota: Corolla, Corolla Cross, Hilux, RAV4, SW4, Yaris Hatch, Yaris Sedan

Volkswagen: Amarok, Gol, Jetta, Nivus, Polo, Saveiro, Taos, T-Cross, Virtus, Voyage

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sydney A. Latini, A Implantação da Indústria Automobilística no Brasil, Editora Alaúde, 2007, p. 92
  2. ^ "Puma GTE tinha chassi de Brasilia, mas caiu nas graças de pilotos da F1". Quatro Rodas (in Portuguese). 30 September 2020. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  3. ^ "Puma Automóveis: A história que não teve fim!". Revista Carro (in Portuguese). 19 April 2019. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  4. ^ "2007 ficou na história do mercado automotivo nacional | Automóveis, Notícias". Tribuna do Paraná (in Portuguese). 24 January 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2021.
  5. ^ Resaffa Nogueira Martins, Henrique (2016). "The Brazilian Inovar-Auto Program and the WTO Dispute". ResearchGate. doi:10.13140/RG.2.2.25878.14407.
  6. ^ Matt Gasnier (19 April 2011). "Brazil: 1954–2019 Historical Data now available". bestsellingcarsblog.com. Archived from the original on 15 October 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  7. ^ "Bem vindo ao Portal Fenabrave". Federação Nacional da Distribuição de Veículos Automotores - FENABRAVE. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  8. ^ "Brazil best selling cars 2016. Chevrolet Onix is the star". www.focus2move.com. 29 January 2017. Archived from the original on 15 October 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  9. ^ "Brazil 2019. Best selling cars ranking. The top 100". www.focus2move.com. 5 January 2020. Archived from the original on 15 October 2020. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  10. ^ "Brazil 2020. Best selling cars ranking". www.focus2move.com. 5 February 2021. Archived from the original on 23 February 2021. Retrieved 23 February 2021.
  11. ^ "Informativo FENABRAVE Emplacamentos até Dezembro 2021". Fenabrave (in Portuguese). p. 7. Retrieved 9 January 2022.
  12. ^ "AC3". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 19 May 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  13. ^ "AMERICAR". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 28 April 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  14. ^ "ART COSTALONGA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 29 April 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  15. ^ "ATHENA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 20 January 2021. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  16. ^ "AUTOCROSS". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 29 April 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  17. ^ "AUTOSFIBRA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 29 April 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  18. ^ "AUTOMAGRÃO". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 29 April 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  19. ^ "COBRAMOTORSPORT". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 11 July 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  20. ^ "BOY". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 3 June 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  21. ^ "BRASINCA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 3 June 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  22. ^ "BRASMOTOR". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 3 June 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  23. ^ "Fábrica".
  24. ^ "BÚZIOS". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 3 June 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  25. ^ "BY COLELLA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 3 June 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  26. ^ "BY CRISTO". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 3 June 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  27. ^ "CALEGARI DESIGN". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 23 October 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  28. ^ "CAOA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 4 January 2018. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  29. ^ "Página Inicial". www.buggycauype.com.br (in Portuguese). Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  30. ^ "CHAMONIX". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 13 June 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  31. ^ "COMMANDER". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 11 July 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  32. ^ "COYOTE (i)". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 11 July 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  33. ^ "CROSS RACE". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 11 July 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  34. ^ "D2D". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 26 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  35. ^ "DREAM MAKER". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 1 November 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  36. ^ "EDRA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 28 November 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  37. ^ "EION". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 29 August 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  38. ^ "Jerico Motorizado". 28 February 2015.
  39. ^ "FARINA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 24 August 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  40. ^ "FIBRACAR". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 30 November 2017. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  41. ^ "FIBRAVAN". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 16 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  42. ^ "FNV (ii)". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 16 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  43. ^ "FREE STYLE". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 20 December 2016. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  44. ^ "Fyber". www.fyber.com.br. Retrieved 19 December 2021.
  45. ^ "GAIA". Lexicar Brasil (in Portuguese). 22 June 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2021.
  46. ^ "GRF – Route 66". 27 August 2016.
  47. ^ "Jay Jay". 24 November 2019.
  48. ^ "MIURA - História".
  49. ^ "BRM". 3 June 2014.
  50. ^ "Buggy Selvagem".
  51. ^ "A Fábrica | Wake Super Buggy".
  52. ^ "TMC". November 2016.
  53. ^ https://tarsomarques.com/
  54. ^ "Amazonas". 28 April 2014.
  55. ^ "ABAIS". 27 April 2014.
  56. ^ "ABC". 27 April 2014.
  57. ^ "ACHA". 27 April 2014.
  58. ^ "Acquatec". 27 April 2014.
  59. ^ "ADAMO". 27 April 2014.
  60. ^ "ADAX". 27 April 2014.
  61. ^ "AGNI". 27 April 2014.
  62. ^ "Akamine". 28 April 2014.
  63. ^ "ALDEE". 28 April 2014.
  64. ^ "Almenara". 28 April 2014.
  65. ^ "AMX". 28 April 2014.
  66. ^ "ANGRA". 29 April 2014.
  67. ^ "Artesanal". 29 April 2014.
  68. ^ "As Réplicas". 29 April 2014.
  69. ^ "ATOBÁ". 29 April 2014.
  70. ^ "AURORA". 29 April 2014.
  71. ^ "Auto Drews". 29 April 2014.
  72. ^ "Autofibra". 29 April 2014.
  73. ^ "Avallone". 29 April 2014.
  74. ^ "BABY". 3 June 2014.
  75. ^ "BEACH". 3 June 2014.
  76. ^ "Belfusca". 3 June 2014.
  77. ^ "BIANCO". 3 June 2014.
  78. ^ "Bianco & Costa". 26 August 2019.
  79. ^ "BILLOW". 3 June 2014.
  80. ^ "BIRD". 3 June 2014.
  81. ^ "BOBBY". 3 June 2014.
  82. ^ "BODDY". 3 June 2014.
  83. ^ "HAPPY". 31 January 2015.
  84. ^ "Brasília". 3 June 2014.
  85. ^ "BRAVO". 3 June 2014.
  86. ^ "BRITZ". 3 June 2014.
  87. ^ "BU-KAR". 3 June 2014.
  88. ^ "Bug Rio". 3 June 2014.
  89. ^ "BUGRE". 3 June 2014.
  90. ^ "Caetano". 13 June 2014.
  91. ^ "CANYON". 13 June 2014.
  92. ^ "CARIBE". 13 June 2014.
  93. ^ "Carioca". 13 June 2014.
  94. ^ "CARPO". 13 June 2014.
  95. ^ "Carrera". 13 June 2014.
  96. ^ "Casella". 13 June 2014.
  97. ^ "CBP". 13 June 2014.
  98. ^ "Centaurus". 13 June 2014.
  99. ^ "Charmant". 27 October 2016.
  100. ^ "Chausson". 13 June 2014.
  101. ^ "CHEVAL". 13 June 2014.
  102. ^ "CIGANO". 24 February 2018.
  103. ^ "CIPAN". 22 October 2019.
  104. ^ "CIREI". 11 July 2014.
  105. ^ "Gazelle". 31 January 2015.
  106. ^ "Concorde". 11 July 2014.
  107. ^ "COYOTE (Ii)". 11 July 2014.
  108. ^ "Cr Line". 21 September 2016.
  109. ^ "CRONOS". 11 July 2014.
  110. ^ "Cross Way". 11 July 2014.
  111. ^ "CTA (Ii)". 11 July 2014.
  112. ^ "CWA". 11 July 2014.
  113. ^ "DACRIL". 28 February 2018.
  114. ^ "DAGH". November 2014.
  115. ^ "DANKAR". November 2014.
  116. ^ "DANNY". November 2014.
  117. ^ "Decorauto". November 2014.
  118. ^ "DIPAVE". November 2014.
  119. ^ "DUNA (Ii)". November 2014.
  120. ^ "EBTECH". 22 September 2016.
  121. ^ "EGO". 28 November 2014.
  122. ^ "ELVA". 22 September 2016.
  123. ^ "EMIS". 28 November 2014.
  124. ^ "EMISUL". 28 November 2014.
  125. ^ "Engerauto". 28 November 2014.
  126. ^ "Enseada". 28 November 2014.
  127. ^ "ENVEMO". 28 November 2014.
  128. ^ "Fábrica Internacional". 29 August 2019.
  129. ^ "DUNNAS". November 2014.
  130. ^ "FIBRAL". 16 December 2014.
  131. ^ "Fibrario". 16 December 2014.
  132. ^ "FIBRAX". 16 December 2014.
  133. ^ "FIBRON". 16 December 2014.
  134. ^ "FALCÃO". 16 December 2014.
  135. ^ "Fer Car". 16 December 2014.
  136. ^ "FOX". 16 December 2014.
  137. ^ "FÚRIA". 16 December 2014.
  138. ^ "FURY". 16 December 2014.
  139. ^ "Fuscolete". 16 December 2014.
  140. ^ "GALGO". 31 January 2015.
  141. ^ "GAMO". 31 January 2015.
  142. ^ "Garage Avenida". 31 July 2016.
  143. ^ "Garage Baptista". 30 August 2019.
  144. ^ "Garage Fiat". 30 August 2019.
  145. ^ "Garage Lancia". 30 August 2019.
  146. ^ "Garage Moreira". 30 August 2019.
  147. ^ "German Racing". 31 January 2015.
  148. ^ "Giant's". 31 January 2015.
  149. ^ "FUTURA". 16 December 2014.
  150. ^ "Guepardo". 31 January 2015.
  151. ^ "HB". 31 January 2015.
  152. ^ "ICOMDA". 28 February 2015.
  153. ^ "FERA". 16 December 2014.
  154. ^ "Equus (Ii)". 28 November 2014.
  155. ^ "JARAMA". 28 February 2015.
  156. ^ "JOAGAR". 28 February 2015.
  157. ^ "JOBBY". 28 February 2015.
  158. ^ "KALTEC". 28 February 2015.
  159. ^ "L'Automobile". 31 March 2015.
  160. ^ "CHEDA". 13 June 2014.
  161. ^ "COBRA (Ii)". 11 July 2014.
  162. ^ "NBM". May 2015.
  163. ^ "COOPER". 11 July 2014.
  164. ^ "Equus (I)". 28 November 2014.
  165. ^ "GRINGO". 31 January 2015.
  166. ^ "GARRA". 31 January 2015.
  167. ^ "GAIATO". 31 January 2015.
  168. ^ "FLY". 16 December 2014.
  169. ^ "Ad Aeternum". 20 May 2016.
  170. ^ "ALCAR". 28 April 2014.
  171. ^ "Amoritz". 28 April 2014.
  172. ^ "Andorinha". 19 January 2021.
  173. ^ "André Protótipos". 20 May 2020.
  174. ^ "Ap 500 Milhas". 19 April 2017.
  175. ^ "Aruanda". 29 April 2014.
  176. ^ "Cysne Prateado". 11 July 2014.
  177. ^ "Autonova". 29 April 2014.
  178. ^ "AVEL". 29 April 2014.
  179. ^ "Bad Bug". 3 June 2014.
  180. ^ "Baja Bug". 3 June 2014.
  181. ^ "Bandama". 3 June 2014.
  182. ^ "BB". 3 June 2014.
  183. ^ "Beira Rio". 3 June 2014.
  184. ^ "Besouro". 20 June 2017.
  185. ^ "Bettina". 21 January 2021.
  186. ^ "Bm Foster". 3 June 2014.
  187. ^ "Bonneville". 20 May 2017.
  188. ^ "Brandini". 7 June 2014.
  189. ^ "Brasil Diamond". 3 June 2014.
  190. ^ "BRAÚNA". 3 June 2014.
  191. ^ "Brazilian Boat". 3 June 2014.
  192. ^ "Brazilian Hot Rod". 20 April 2017.
  193. ^ "BRILHO". 3 June 2014.
  194. ^ "CP-TS". 17 July 2017.
  195. ^ "CASINI". 13 June 2014.
  196. ^ "Cerrado". 13 June 2014.
  197. ^ "Cheetah". 13 June 2014.
  198. ^ "Chemuniz". 13 June 2014.
  199. ^ "CHUVES". 11 July 2014.
  200. ^ "CINTRA". 11 July 2014.
  201. ^ "Classic Hot Rods". 11 July 2014.
  202. ^ "COACH". 11 July 2014.
  203. ^ "COALA". 11 July 2014.
  204. ^ "Gaivota". 31 January 2015.
  205. ^ "Compton Stütgart". 11 July 2014.
  206. ^ "Conceptor". 11 July 2014.
  207. ^ "CONDOR (Ii)". 11 July 2014.
  208. ^ "Corsa Cross". 11 July 2014.
  209. ^ "CORUJA". 11 July 2014.
  210. ^ "Curitiba". 11 July 2014.
  211. ^ "D'Norbert". November 2014.
  212. ^ "DARIÉ". November 2014.
  213. ^ "Diamond". November 2014.
  214. ^ "Diaseta". November 2014.
  215. ^ "Dock Dock". November 2014.
  216. ^ "Ecomóvel". 24 September 2016.
  217. ^ "Economini". 28 November 2014.
  218. ^ "El Paco". 12 September 2020.
  219. ^ "Eldorado". 28 November 2014.
  220. ^ "ELZA". 28 November 2014.
  221. ^ "Engefibra". 28 November 2014.
  222. ^ "Eniequi". 28 November 2014.
  223. ^ "GUAÇU". 31 January 2015.
  224. ^ "Fibranorte". 16 December 2014.
  225. ^ "Fontana". 16 December 2014.
  226. ^ "Fontanari". 16 December 2014.
  227. ^ "Free Lance". 16 December 2014.
  228. ^ "Fuscross". 16 December 2014.
  229. ^ "GALLI". 24 September 2018.
  230. ^ "Garage as". 31 January 2015.
  231. ^ "Garden Sound". 31 January 2015.
  232. ^ "GASON". 31 January 2015.
  233. ^ "GETA". 31 January 2015.
  234. ^ "GIBI". 31 January 2015.
  235. ^ "GRILLO". 31 January 2015.
  236. ^ "Guaporé". 31 January 2015.
  237. ^ "HARPIA". 31 January 2015.
  238. ^ "HAWAII". 31 January 2015.
  239. ^ "HIBOY". 31 January 2015.
  240. ^ "HIT". 31 January 2015.
  241. ^ "Hot Sprint". 31 January 2015.
  242. ^ "HUNTER". 31 January 2015.
  243. ^ "IBV". 28 February 2015.
  244. ^ "IGUANA". December 2017.
  245. ^ "John Davies". 28 February 2015.
  246. ^ "Jonathas Pereira". 26 May 2020.
  247. ^ "Jopecar". 28 February 2015.
  248. ^ "Jor Racing". 28 February 2015.
  249. ^ "Jor Racing". 28 February 2015.
  250. ^ "Griffon". 31 January 2015.
  251. ^ "FEI". 16 December 2014.
  252. ^ https://portal.fei.edu.br/
  253. ^ "Fabricação Própria". 16 December 2014.
  254. ^ "Australia's car tariffs among world's lowest". 12 February 2014.
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