Automotive industry in Ukraine
Now, Ukraine's automobile manufacturers make between 100-200 thousand vehicles per year. The major domestic players in this industry are UkrAvto (ZAZ), Bogdan (LuAZ), KrAZ, KrASZ, Eurocar, Etalon-Avto (BAZ, CHAZ), HALAZ, Anto-Rus and LAZ. Locally developed designs continue to prevail in the production of trucks, buses and trolleybuses while production of domestically-designed cars such as ZAZ Tavria has decreased. Most car production in Ukraine now involves assembly of Korean, Chinese, and Russian brands.
Beginning of passenger cars manufacturing in Ukraine started in 1959. Totally (from 1960 to 1994) there were 3,422,444 Zaporozhets vehicles manufactured in Zaporizhia; air-cooled engines were manufactured in Melitopol.
In 1988 serial production of ZAZ Tavria family passenger cars was started in Zaporizhia. At the same time, the manufacture of liquid-cooled engines began in Melitopol.
A joint Ukrainian-Korean Venture with Foreign Investment in the form of a Closed Joint Stock Company "AvtoZAZ-DAEWOO" was registered in 1998. Manufacturing of a new "Tavria-nova" followed shortly thereafter. Works on production preparation were completed and SKD assembly of the following vehicles (suitable for the European market) was started in the Illichivsk Plant of Automobile Units: Daewoo Lanos, Daewoo Nubira and Daewoo Leganza.
Following the bankruptcy of Daewoo Motors in 2001, the UkrAVTO corporation bought out AvtoZAZ holding in 2002. All of the AvtoZAZ manufacturing facilities (most notably, MeMZ and Illichivsk assembling plant) were reincorporated into ZAZ. The company even adopted a new logo. The Daewoo part in the joint venture was bought out by Swiss venture Hirsch & CIE in 2003.
End of 2004 saw the beginning of full-scale production of a completely domestic ZAZ Lanos (T150), now that CKD kits of Lanos were no longer supplied. In 2006, ZAZ reached an agreement with the Chinese manufacturer Chery Automobile to assemble passenger cars from kits.
In 2012 Zaporizhia Automobile Building Plant started serial full-scale production of a new car - ZAZ Vida.
Bogdan Corporation is a leading Ukrainian automobile-manufacturing group, including several car- and bus-makers in the country. Its most popular model is the Bogdan Isuzu-powered light bus made in Cherkasy.
Bogdan Corporation was created in 1992, after the fall of the Soviet Union, by the mergers of some former Soviet enterprises to implement big investment projects dedicated to creating strong and powerful manufacturing of different-type vehicles in Ukraine. Initially, the company was a distributor of various Russian-based vehicles, later selling vehicles by Korean manufacturer, Kia Motors. In 1998, the company obtained the Cherkasy automobile repair factory that was specializing in repairing buses of the Russian-based Pavlovo Bus Factory and GAZelle. In 1999, the factory was transformed into the "Cherkasy Autobus" that began manufacturing its own buses, Bogdan. That same year, the company signed another contract with Hyundai for distribution of their vehicles. In 2000, the company bought the bankrupted Soviet LuAZ based in Lutsk (Volyn Oblast), and during the same period, started to produce its own cars based on the Russian AvtoVAZ. In 2003, the company's began exporting the buses. In 2004, the company signed a general agreement with Isuzu to use the Isuzu brand on the company's exported buses. In 2005, the company Bogdan Motors became a corporation.
In 2000, the company bought out the bankrupt Soviet LuAZ based in Lutsk (Volyn Oblast) and shortly thereafter started to make its own cars based on the Russian AvtoVAZ. In 2003, the company's began exporting the buses. In 2004, the company signed a general agreement with Isuzu to use the Isuzu brand on the company's exported buses. In 2005, the company Bogdan Motors became a corporation.
The facilities of Bogdan Corporation are able to produce 120 000 to 150 000 cars, up to 9 000 buses and trolleybuses of all types, and around 15 000 cargo trucks and units of specialized equipment a year. Facilities are located in Lutsk and Cherkasy.
Cars and trucks are produced or assembled in Cherkasy. The facilities in Cherkasy are the most modern auto-manufacturing facilities in Ukraine. Car manufacturing launched in 2000. The Cherkasy plant can produce 120 000 to 150 000 cars per year. The plant produces/assembles Bogdan 2110, Bogdan 2111, Bogdan 2310 (pick-up), Hyundai Accent, Hyundai Tucson and Hyundai Elantra XD.
Buses are mostly produced in Cherkasy while trolleybuses are manufactured in Lutsk. The bus "Bogdan" is the most widely used small bus for city transportation in Ukrainian cities. The facilities located in Cherkasy can produce up to 3000 buses a year along with car and truck production. The plant in Lutsk formerly known as LuAZ now manufactures buses and trolleybuses branded as "Bogdan". Maximum capacity of Lutsk plant is 8000 buses and trolleybuses a year.
PJSC Eurocar is a car manufacturer situated in Solomonovo village, Zakarpattia oblast. The territory of the location of Eurocar plant borders with Slovakia and Hungary. Construction began on July 23, 2001, since then the company has been constantly implementing innovative and investment activity. On December 19, 2011 Eurocar celebrated the tenth anniversary of industrial activity since the technical commissioning of the plant in 2001. Total investment in the project Eurocar is 250 million USD. The company is a member of Atoll Holding Group.
Since the start of its activity the Eurocar plant has been implementing a strategy of annual increases in production and the expansion of its product range. In May 2006 the second part of the project to produce complete cars was officially opened. This production, in which the assembly of cars carried on a conveyor line using a process similar to Skoda Auto. In 2008 the third part of the project was launched. In September 2009, PJSC Eurocar completed construction of the building of welding and painting workshops. In December 2011 the next phase was completed, it also was approved by the Ministry of Industrial Policy and the Ministry of Economy of Ukraine program to create production capacity and jobs. A program of production welding in the Eurocar plant produced a pilot batch of bodies. On December 7, 2011 successful launch of the new paint and finishing line took place. Welding and painting were carried out using equipment supplied by Transsystem (Poland), Chropynska Strojirna (Czech Republic), and EISENMANN (Germany). The manufacturing process uses the most modern approaches, European technology, high automated robotic systems, the system "vario shuttle", and the high-tech geometric station AUDI Framer.
The enlarged capacity of the Eurocar plant is full of number of technological innovations, with a flexible production process, well suited to the conditions in Ukraine. Currently the Eurocar plant produces a complete range of Skoda cars.
In 2003 the Eurocar plant was certified to the ISO 9001:2000 international quality management standard . Every year Eurocar maintains this certification. Certification audits are carried out by the Prague representative office of TÜV NORD CERT GmbH (Germany). In 2009 PJSC Eurocar introduced an integrated enterprise management system according to international standards ISO 9001:2008 and OHSAS 18001:2007, and was successfully certified to this standard in October 2009.
From the very beginning company personnel involved directly in the production of vehicles have received specialized training in the Czech Republic from Skoda Auto. In 2008 a teaching unit for training was introduced at the Eurocar plant. The company conducts certification of personnel, employment and working conditions.
It was one of the major bus manufacturers in the Soviet Union and the largest-ever industrial company in the city. Now it is a private, holding company. It still manufactures buses of EURO class today.
On April 17, 1958 the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union ordered the construction of a plant for heavy-duty vehicles production in Kremenchuk. Heavy-duty trucks manufacture was transferred from the Yaroslav Automobile Plant.
In 1986 total output was 30655 KrAZ vehicles - the maximum quantity over the period of its existence.
In 1996 Holding company "AvtoKrAZ" was registered.
In 2004 HC "AvtoKrAZ" signed one of the biggest contracts for delivery of 2200 KrAZ vehicles to Iraq. The ISO 9001:2000 quality control system was introduced at the plant.
In January 2006 the 800,000th truck was assembled at the KrAZ main assembly plant. In October of the same year HC "AvtoKrAZ" won the first prize among 100 Ukrainian companies with the best rate of development according to the net profit growth pursuant to the results of rating "Top 100 Most dynamic companies"
On August 23, 2011 the KrAZ-5233 "Spetsnaz" has entered into service with Ukrainian army.
After the Financial crisis of 2007–08 orders for vehicles declined drastically as Ukraine was severely effected by the event, the factory worked at minimal capacity. However,during the 2014 Russian invasion of Ukraine the government of Ukraine placed large orders for new military vehicles. The Border Guards, National Guard,and Army of Ukraine have all been scheduled to receive new KrAZ armored trucks. Moreover KrAZ partnered with the Canadian defense firm Streit Group to produce the Cougar and Spartan armored vehicles. A total of 21 Spartans were ordered with the Ministry of Defense having an option for an additional 40, 20 Cougars were also ordered.
In November 2014 Ukrainian government placed an order for 1200 vehicles and 200 armored personnel carrier to the factory. The contract was worth 1 billion UAH ($64,267,360.00).
- JAC expands in Russia and Ukraine with CKD production (16 December 2013)
- Cherkasy car factory develops light armored vehicle, Interfax-Ukraine (16 December 2014)
- "Холдинговая компания АвтоКрАЗ. Производство, продажа и поставка тяжелых грузовых автомобилей и автомобилей специального назначения, а также запчастей к ним. Сервис, станции техобслуживания". Autokraz.com.ua. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
- The KrAZ-5233 Spetsnaz enters into service with the Ukrainian army
- "The National Guard of Ukraine will receive 21 KrAZ Spartan LAVs". Info News. 10 Aug 2014.
- "ВСУ получат тяжелое вооружение на 1 млрд грн". Information Resistance.
- ZAZ official website
- UkrAVTO official website
- Bogdan official website
- Eurocar official website
- LAZ official website
- KrAZ official website