Autonomous Bougainville Government

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The Autonomous Bougainville Government (ABG; Tok Pisin: Otonomos Bogenvil Gavman)[1] is the government of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea.

The government was established in 2000 following a peace agreement between the Government of Papua New Guinea and the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) a guerrilla movement.

The Constitution of Bougainville specifies that the Autonomous Bougainville Government shall consist of three branches:[2]

Elections for the first Autonomous Government were held in May and June 2005; Joseph Kabui was elected President, with Joseph Watawi selected by the House of Representatives as Vice-President.

The future[edit]

A referendum for independence from Papua New Guinea was held in December 2019.[3] This was in accordance with the terms of the Bougainville Peace Agreement, which requires such a referendum to be held by 2020.[4] There were concerns that the referendum could result in violence due to unresolved tensions from the Bougainville Civil War.[5] In this referendum, 98% of voters voted in favour of independence.[6]

Constitutional amendments proposed in February 2020, would see the Autonomous Bougainville Government renamed as the "Bougainville Constitutional Transitional Government".[7]


  1. ^ "Referendum TOKSAVE Fact Sheet No. 3" (PDF). Autonomous Bougainville Government. April 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
  2. ^ "The Constitution of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville" (PDF). Autonomous Bougainville Government. p. 28, S41.
  3. ^ "Target date set for Bougainville referendum". ABC News. 2016-05-23. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
  4. ^ "Boungainville Peace Agreement" (PDF). Autonomous Bougainville Government. p. 1, S2.
  5. ^ Woodbury, Jo (2015). "The Bougainville independence referendum: Assessing the risks and challenges before, during and after the referendum" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-10-29.
  6. ^ "Bougainville independence vote delivers emphatic demand to become world's newest nation". Retrieved 11 December 2019.
  7. ^ "Bougainville proposing constitution amendments, rejects 'process' claim | Asia Pacific Report". Retrieved Sep 11, 2020.

External links[edit]