Autonomous Bougainville Government
The government was established in 2000 following a peace agreement between the Government of Papua New Guinea and the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) a guerrilla movement.
The Constitution of Bougainville specifies that the Autonomous Bougainville Government shall consist of three branches:
- Executive - the President of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville who chairs the Bougainville Executive Council
- Legislative - the Bougainville House of Representatives (39 elected members and 2 ex officio members).
- Judicial - the Bougainville Courts including a Supreme Court and High Court.
A referendum for independence from Papua New Guinea was held in December 2019. This was in accordance with the terms of the Bougainville Peace Agreement, which requires such a referendum to be held by 2020. There were concerns that the referendum could result in violence due to unresolved tensions from the Bougainville Civil War. In this referendum, 98% of voters voted in favour of independence.
Constitutional amendments proposed in February 2020, would see the Autonomous Bougainville Government renamed as the "Bougainville Constitutional Transitional Government".
- "Referendum TOKSAVE Fact Sheet No. 3" (PDF). Autonomous Bougainville Government. April 2019. Retrieved 4 December 2019.
- "The Constitution of the Autonomous Region of Bougainville" (PDF). abg.gov.pg/key-documents. Autonomous Bougainville Government. p. 28, S41.
- "Target date set for Bougainville referendum". ABC News. 2016-05-23. Retrieved 2017-02-07.
- "Boungainville Peace Agreement" (PDF). abg.gov.pg/peace-agreement. Autonomous Bougainville Government. p. 1, S2.
- Woodbury, Jo (2015). "The Bougainville independence referendum: Assessing the risks and challenges before, during and after the referendum" (PDF). defence.gov.au/. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-10-29.
- "Bougainville independence vote delivers emphatic demand to become world's newest nation". CNN.com. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
- "Bougainville proposing constitution amendments, rejects 'process' claim | Asia Pacific Report". Retrieved Sep 11, 2020.