Autonomous trucks is a concept for autonomous vehicles applied for commercial uses.
As recorded in June 1995 in Popular Science Magazine, self-driving trucks were being developed for combat convoys, whereby only the lead truck would be driven by a human and the following trucks would rely on satellite, an inertial guidance system and ground-speed sensors. Komatsu made the earliest development in Autonomous Trucks testing a fleet of 5 Ultra Class truck of 290 Mt in Codelco Mine Radomiro Tomic in Chile on 2005, then in 2007 was installed the first working fleet in the mine Gabriela Mistral in Chile, also a Codelco property. Caterpillar Inc. made early developments in 2013 with the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University to improve efficiency and reduce cost at various mining and construction sites. Companies such as Codelco Chilean State Mining Company, Suncor Energy, a Canadian energy company, and Rio Tinto Group were among the first to replace human-operated trucks with driverless commercial trucks run by computers.
In April 2016, trucks from major manufacturers including Volvo and the Daimler Company completed a week of autonomous driving across Europe, organized by the Dutch, in an effort to get self-driving trucks on the road. With developments in self-driving trucks progressing, U.S. self-driving truck sales is forecast to reach 60,000 by 2035 according to a report released by IHS Inc. in June 2016.
Uber has also joined the project with "Uber Freight" which already delivers in Arizona. Another big player investing in this technology is Google, through its spin-off Waymo which also delivers freights in Atlanta.
- Nelson, Ray (June 1995). "Leave The Driving To Us". p. 26.
- Gingrich, Newt (7 October 2014). Breakout: Pioneers of the Future, Prison Guards of the Past, and the Epic Battle That Will Decide America's Fate. Regnery Publishing. ISBN 978-1-62157-281-7.
- "Suncor Seeks Cost Cutting With Robot Trucks in Oil-Sands Mine". Bloomberg.
- "IHS Clarifies Autonomous Vehicle Sales Forecast – Expects 21 Million Sales Globally in the Year 2035 and Nearly 76 Million Sold Globally Through 2035". IHS Markit. 9 June 2016.
- Hawkins, Andrew J. "Uber's self-driving trucks are now delivering freight in Arizona". The Verge.
- McFarland, Matt. "Uber self-driving trucks are now hauling freight". CNN Tech.
- Hawkins, Andrew J. "Waymo's self-driving trucks will start delivering freight in Atlanta". The Verge.